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AGING AND DISABILITY

Task:

Based on the strength of the model: it is a model that focuses on the customer's ability to Alzheimer's , needs, interests and their strengths and potential. It encouraged to explore Alzheimer 's strengths and capabilities of customers to help them create their own lives. It looks at the power of people with dementia , abilities and interests , rather than the deficit problem and clients and their families. This shows that the ability of either the disease is much dementia clients have lost, they still have their own ability and strength to achieve their goals.


Assessment: assessment of the people who living with dementia require the same skills, and any other assessments are based on the same principle of people-oriented and individual rights, a high standard of assessment and service principles. When the targets have been identified, and then implement. Knowledge and skills of a health professional in Alzheimer's disease. Special resources can be used to assess the client, such as CT, neuropsychological assessment and functional assessment. Determine which health and social care professionals need to work together , share information , mutual trust , reduce duplication , work together to ensure the needs of the elderly in scope and complexity to be identified correctly and in accordance with their wishes and preferences resolved.


Planning: Planning dementia customer care programs should think about their respect, values, interests and abilities. Build a relationship with the person you are assessing, in order to promote their self-esteem. It is very important to understand a person’s particular needs and be supportive. Provide clear, easy information in a sensitive, kind way. Get to know the people with dementia people, what’s working? What isn’t? What is the person’s learning and support needs? What do they want to achieve, and how do they want to be supported?

As we know, Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disease, patients with brain damage more as time goes on. It will affect their daily life. For example, it will lead them have poor memory, understanding, communicate skill also and self-care ability as well.


Coordination: It looks at the construction of a recycling fund, the pursuit of life. Service and support address current clinical problems of dementia, such as health problems, mental health, reduce independence and daily care, medication also include social, housing, employment and spiritual needs. The approach is based on the advantages of clarification, the disabled access to all resources, choice, choice and the right to direct services, active living and participation in society. And Alzheimer's disease who have equal rights of citizens. Alzheimer's disease who must meet the needs of their right to take care of. They have every right to make their own choices and decisions. Caregivers should have a positive communication between patients and caregivers to understand their needs and what is their goal.

•           Supporting self-help and self-advocacy 

•           Listening to people and learning from them 

•           Involving people in decisions that affect them 

•           Giving advocacy and supporting advocacy by others 

•           Protecting rights through entitlements and legislation 

•           Ensuring equal opportunities 

•           Practicing anti-discrimination


Weakness: : As mentioned above, it looks at dementia customer's personal abilities and strengths , which means that we should live by dementia customer stories and backgrounds, including education, believe , marriage , interest , friendship, and so on. For this model, it will spend lots of time to improve the care plan, let it to be better. For this model, it need care giver know the care and personal detail for dementia people very well, therefore they can give the client better care. On the other hand, because of need to clearly know the personal detail of the client, it may lead the care giver more heavy work if they are in busy work.


Strengths: even though it takes a long time to know the dementia client, but it also brings lots of benefit as well. For that reason, we can clearly to know what things is client need, we need to assist in which way. The client must respect and rights seriously. This man in dealing with their culture and dignity of the community with respect and fairness. It focuses on the customer's strength and ability, rather than the disease itself. This mode enables dementia to maintain their lives, past and have a choice to create their own lives. For the care giver, they also can build a good relationship with a client.


Summary: Dementia must face reduced capacity and memory loss. This will affect their daily lives and their goals. To improve this, based on the client's ability, interests and abilities, and the strength of the model on the basis of their strengths and potential. It gives people the choice to them and help them achieve their goals. It looks at what works well past dementia clients, and help customers maintain the hope that it can create life dementia clients. It can help dementia to maintain their social activities and have the right to enjoy it right.


Case management model: it is an effective model to manage and provide services to meet the needs of customer’s dementia. In general, the various needs of case management coordination and management of Alzheimer's disease, senile dementia care. It provides support, drugs, emotional support and senile dementia of social needs. Case management results mainly focused on providing cost-effective services, but the impact on patient care leads to a significant improvement. There are different number of case management model, as well as the advantages of the model -based rehabilitation model, brokerage model and clinical case management.


Assessment: Case managers need to have social skills, psychological education and crisis intervention skills. Before you begin, case managers should identify individuals with dementia client’s unique needs and goals, as well as their health needs. Its goal is to help clients with dementia find success and satisfaction with minimal professional society’s invasion. It starts with a comprehensive functional assessment and rehabilitation program. To complete it, family and friends should be involved. Some studies have been observed and what they like to do or what they are interested in is also related to the customer's personal background, including the assessment of the information age, income , education, beliefs, interests, and they are very useful feedback .


Planning: In this process, we should give Alzheimer's customers choose to make their own decisions and achieve their goals , the managers and caregivers take responsibility to help dementia clients step by step to achieve it. Such as, we can relate client’s care plan to set a short- term and long-term goal of providing the right product. For example, supply the walker, hearing aid and so on. It focuses on providing customers with dementia to be more independent and choose to make their creative lives. We can use the verbal and no-verbal, communication skill to understand the client’s needs.


Coordination: take customers' changing demands of dementia care by family members, caregivers, GP and others involved in regular care. To change in the plan of care, due to the client's health status. Encourage and support dementia clients maintain their social activities and independence. Family, friends, colleagues, and others need to adopt a positive attitude towards people with dementia. They should work together to Alzheimer's people into the community to participate in activities to maintain and promote their self-esteem.


Weakness: In the case of management, its goal is to provide special care for dementia clients. There may be held at a regular meeting of the obstacles the family may spend a lot of time discussing. It requires case managers have a lot of skills and dementia clients and families which need case managers will be more exchange of knowledge in many ways.


Strengths: It is a useful, in order to meet the needs of customer’s dementia, which is focused on providing high-quality service, a unique person. Care programs more flexible, adaptable, because it can be changed, and learn about the latest time to meet customer demand Alzheimer’s personal care plan. Dementia customers will have their own care plan. And the players are more experienced and better communicate with each other. It provides an efficient quality of life for people with dementia, as it clearly establish business framework that dementia who reach a suitable service.



Compare two model: Based on the strength of more focus on the client's strengths and capabilities of the care plan. It allows clients to create their own lives. It is more useful to help customers to participate in community life. In case management, it is referred to as a coordinator and manager of a group of patients. It manages risk and coordinate care as a core function. Its goal is to provide cost-effective services, but the impact on patient care leads to a significant improvement





Answer

INTRODUCTION

People that are prone to be challenged with growth, development both in terms of Intellectual and physical are typically dual diagnosed, and their respective maladies are categorized as Intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in the intensive medical dialects. Furthermore, they are prone to be devaluated by the so-called “normal” rest of the underlying society, which consequently deprives them from procuring equal rights and opportunities. On that note, the model of Social Role Valorization (SRV) is an extension of the prevalent Normalization approach that intends to alleviate the rights and demands of the dual disables in order to establish their validity in the society with esteem. On the other hand, the impulse of care coordination is to endow the IDDs with proper care and intellectual nourishment that they are inevitably devoid of due to the sense of social isolation.      

SRV ON PEOPLE WITH IDD

Assessment: In this segment of conducting SRV, the victims of dual disabilities has been asked to interpret their own understanding about what the rest of the society thinks about them. On that note, the patients of social alienation as an inevitable aftermath of the devaluation that they are forced to suffer from can be endowed with the awareness that not every opinion of the rest of the society endorse hostility that they are suffering from (Bellamy, Paleologos, Kemp, Carter & King, 2014). For instance, people from the underlying society also subscribe the impression that people with dual disabilities tend to exhibit benevolence, innocence and they are prone to be spontaneous and transparent about their expressions. This will facilitate the process of assessing the impaired since they will eventually begin to grow trust with the coordinator. Apart from these verbal assessment approaches, several tools for neuropsychological assessment can be employed in order to discern the medical analogues of their demands that might guide the process of counseling. Moreover, the respective unit needs to decide on the collaboration of the psychoanalyst and the health  and medicine expert in order to uplift the respective disable.    

Planning: Before planning on the services that intend to the cater the IDDs, a sincere and insightful awareness regarding their values, abilities and interests need to be procured. Furthermore, the relationship with the respective victim needs to be established that is founded upon the notion of mutual trust. On that note, it is essential to admit that the counselor needs to devise an introspective insight regarding the physical and psychological specifications of the impaired (Block, Wheeland & Rosenberg, 2014). Moreover, the discourse of communicating with them needs to be simple and sensitive in order to exhibit the supportive intent of the enquiry of the counselor. The basic enquiry that the counselor must seek includes,

  • What are the demands that they seek support of?
  • What are the understandings that they have regarding their status in the society?
  • What did they want to accomplish in their lives as a moral pursuit?
  • How would they wish to align their pursuits with the prevalent social roles in order to ensure the valorization of those?

The plans regarding the emancipation of the pursuits of the disables towards the status of a significant social role, the subsequent planning needs to be framed upon,

  • To enhance the competencies in order to enable them to continue their pursuits
  • To emancipate the social status of the people which will enable them avail the means to facilitate the pursuits

Coordination: It is well established that the counselor must encourage and endow the disable with possible means in order to make them financially intermittent that is imperative for their voices to gain prominence in the underlying society. The Counselor may work on raising a fund that might assist the impaired to do so. The services that the counselors are required to provide needs to address the emerging clinical issues regarding the intensive causalities of the disabilities (Dorozenko, Roberts & Bishop, 2015). These issues mainly include health problems both in terms of physical and intellectual disabilities. This inherently generates an urge of regular care while the strategies of medication need to incorporate the employment accommodation and spiritual needs of the respective disable. The intent of the approach that is intensive to SRV deals with the clarification of the chronic issues that the disables are prone to suffer with. The essence of Coordination is to ensure the access of all the resources and empirical choices that directly caters their pursuit of life. Furthermore, proper coordination of the counselor and the health care experts need to be efficient enough to ensure their right to make the imperative decisions which facilitate their pursuit. Moreover, the counselors need to maintain a simple and sincere discourse while communicating with the disables in order promotes their objectives of life with esteem. The responsibilities that the counselor must comply with can be categorized as,

  • Encouraging self-advocacy and self-help
  • Sincere monitoring of their opinions
  • Let the disables involve in prudent decision-making
  • Manage to protect the rights and entitlement through suitable legal consideration
  • Enabling them to avail the equality in opportunities
  • Non-distinguishing the notions of discrimination

Weakness: As per the aforementioned apprehensions, it imparts a critical and sincere gaze on the personal strengths and competencies in order to elevate the status of their pursuits into a socially significant one. This sincere gaze intends to enquire about their descent and backdrop, educational qualifications, individual and social beliefs and extra-curricular interests in order to establish the mutual trust of the relationship that will further facilitate the improvisation of the care plan (Kumar, Singh & Thressiakutty, 2015).  This might transform the schedule of the counselor hectic in order to ensure better care of the disables and emancipate their pursuits towards the status of a significant social role.  

Strengths: The employment of SRV can cause various benefits too. Since, it enables the counselor with several intimate knowledge regarding the individual identity and the specific requirements of the client, the manner of assistance very subjective and easy to address. Moreover, the immense reverence that the counselor is dedicated to exhibit endows the respective client with the worthiness of the individual rights that they were significantly deprived of (Foley, 2016). Moreover, the approach of SRV enables the client with the confidence to opt and decide on his or her own terms.

Summary: SRV intends to emancipate the moral pursuits of the respective clients towards the status of a significant social role. Moreover, it speaks for the individual liberty of the client to opt and decide on his or her own terms. This also instills the respective client with the confidence to live their live according to their terms.

CASE COORDINATION ON PEOPLE WITH IDD

Assessment: Case coordinators need to acquire social expertise and psychological intuition that might enable them to gain appropriate skills of intervention in the verge of crisis. It is an exaggeration to admit that, they need to accumulate the acumen to discern the individual objectives of the respective client along with their specifications. The counselor might initiate this process with functional assessment and rehabilitation program (Sanchez & Moges, 2015). This assessment might find its origin from their identity-intensive information framed by their potential responses regarding the feedback that they have posed while availing the enquiries. 

Planning: The process of planning can be arranged as,

  • The intent is to endow the client with the confidence to opt for their own lives
  • The case coordinators must discuss with the family members and physicians in a regular basis
  • The master care plan needs to aligned with the specific requirements of the client
  • Employ both verbal and non-verbal discourse while maintaining simplicity and sincerity
  • Encourage the respective clients to shape their own creative lives

Weakness: The major weaknesses can be categorized as,

  • As the case coordinators chiefly depends on the discussions they have with the respective family members, it might demand a lot of time to get the correct information that might facilitate the pursuit of master care plan
  • Lack of communication skills develops the deficiency of compassion and hinders the seamless exchange of information and service

Strengths: The strengths of this approach of counseling can be posed as,

  • The care plans are considerably flexible and supports the shift to align the plan in accordance with personal requirements
  • It ensures a creative quality life of the respective clients since it encourages them to opt in their own terms

Summary: This approach imparts a considerable emphasis on the domestic encounter of the counselors with their respective client since they strictly rely on their opinions while extracting the variables that further assist them to improvise the master care plan. 

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE MODELS

  • The moot intent of both of the approaches is identical and resonates in terms of the moral objective to encourage the disables to shape life at their own terms.
  • The basic point where this approaches differ is in the former approach of SRV, the counselors rely on the personal encounter to extract the components of the subsequent master plan. On the other hand, the case coordinators encourage a great deal of discussion in order to avail the components of the master plan.

CONCLUSION

The moral intent that each of the approaches discussed here is to emancipate the status of the pursuits of the disables towards a mean of exercising a social role. Moreover, the encouragement of living life at their own terms is imperative to gain the equality of opportunities.



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