Annotated Bibliography: Sexual Abuse in Defence Academy
Part A- Case Overview
A cadet in Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA) was accused of the purpose of sexual assault of a colleague in 2014. This incident called for the significant investigation of the defendant. ACT Police arrested the male officer. The name of the defendant was Harlan Agresti. He was 21 years old, and he sexually assaulted an 18-year-old woman while she was sleeping. The cadet was charged with sexual intercourse without any consent. The cases of sexual assault have become quite common in Australian Defence Force Academy has made Army Chief David Morrison give warning to all the personnel in the year 2013, but the situation remained out of control (NewsComAu, 2018).
The investigation on these issues has brought out significant and shocking facts on the treatment of the women in ADFA. The study has made it evident that there was a strong culture of the commodification of women and they are considered as the sexual objects. It has been seen that the female cadet is treated negatively as games and are not respected as the colleagues. In several workplaces, the women are treated as sex objects ad this hampers the ethics (Saunders, 2015). As per the case investigation, the accused raped an intoxicated woman by talking her into the room and assaulted her while she passed out in the place. This is unethical as one cannot hamper or touch without one's consent (Habiba, 2017; McDonald, 2012).After the complaint made by the woman, the investigation was made, and the accused was detained. Harlan Agresti mentioned that the victim had given her consent for the intercourse. However, the accused was held responsible by the jury in the ACT Supreme Court. The investigation made on the case also revealed that ADFA has the culture of drinking at ADFA that has become the background feature of the case(Mail Online, 2018).
After all the investigation, the cadet of the AFDA was held responsible for the case and was finally jailed for raping an intoxicated female colleague. The defendant misused his power and tried to take advantage which is again unethical (Bainbridgeet al. 2018; Sadleret al. 2018).
Part B: Annotated Bibliography
- Article on Australian Defence Force Academy
This article provides an overview of the sexual abuse of cadet in Australian Defence Force Academy. The claims were made based on the different injuries that help to bring out several cases of sexual abuse in the academy. The strength of the article lies in the fact that it provides an overview of the actions, activities and the factors that had led to the increase of sexual in Australian Defence Force Academy. The article also offered an analysis of the two essential and lengthy cases related to sexual abuse which took place in the year 2011. Another significant strength of the material was that it made use of Boltanski's process theory for studying the case. This article helped to analyse the selected case of sexual abuse based on the theories.
The weakness of this article is that it does not make any future assumptions about the cases related to the sexual abuse cases in Australian Defence Force Academy. Moreover, it does not provide any suitable recommendation that can help to prevent cases of sexual abuse in the workplace.
- Article on Workplace sexual harassment
This article deals with the evaluation of the legal jurisdiction of the workplace sexual harassment that is encountered by a large number of men and women in different organisational settings. The strength of the article includes threefold. The article provides an overview of the workplace sexual harassment as itrelates to the management and organisation and synthesising the accumulated state of knowledge in the field. The second advantage of this article includes the evaluation of the evidence and highlighting competing perspectives and third for the canvass areas that would help in the further investigation. The women who suffer from sexual harassment undergo psychological, health and job-related consequences. The article provides an overview of the laws, structural reforms and policy that help to raise awareness regarding the issues.
The weakness of the article includes that it does not provide a detailed analysis of the workplace sexual harassment based on the states. In Australia, the laws differ from state to state. However, the article does not provide details about the sexual harassment cases and laws in the different states. The article is imperative for targeting the workplace action for effectively preventing forsuccessfully for preventing and reacting to the sexual harassment.
- Article on Prevalence of bullying
The present article deals with the interview of the women urban employees to share their experiences of the sexual harassment. The book also sheds light on the law of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (SA). The research made it evident that more than 70% per cent of employees are sexually harassed in the workplace, and 70 per cent of the employees witnessed sexual harassment in the workplace.
What the strength of the article lies in the fact that the details offered by the writer are as authentic as the account of the sexual harasser of the people is mentioned. The realistic events made it evident that the stories are heart-breaking. The report on the experience of the human beings helped to analyse the limits of the anti-discrimination laws. The article makes a significant contribution to understanding the factors that give rise to the sexual harassment in the workplace. The data collected in the book are original that is obtained from an interview with the rural employees, and secondly, it helps to attract from comparative analysis of workplace sexual harassment cases in urban Australia. In this case, I had to identify the unethical behaviour in this case. This report provides an overview of the acceptable and unacceptable workplace behaviour.
- Article on Sexual harassment training
This article deals with the issue of the sexual harassment that has become a significant issue in the Asia Pacific. I had to prepare a review on a case in which I had to provide an overview of the ethical and the unethical behaviour. Hence, this article is considered to be vital as it explores the different ethical and the unethical behaviour that is considered to be unacceptable. The study has shown that the laws related to sexual harassment are different in different places. The main strength of the article lies in the fact that it provides differences in how the sexual harassment cases are handled in Australia and the US. This aspect is essential as I had to evacuate the given case has been analysed and whether the defender has been treated in the right manner or had been punished. The second significant strength of the article is that it provides an overview of the training which is crucial in preventing sexual harassment. While analysing the case of the Australian Defence Force Academy, it has been that the cadets are not trained effectively, and different improper practices led to the incidence of sexual harassment. Hence, this article is sufficient enough to suggest the training processes that would prevent any sexual harassment cases.
The one weakness of this article includes that it lacked evidence of real cases. Another important weakness of this article is that it does not provide details about the cases related to Australian Defence Force Academy, but different incidence related to sexual harassment has helped to relate to the case.
- Article on The impact of leadership
This article was considered to be important as it deals with the sexual harassment and the realities in the military organisation. The article made it evident that despite the development of the different policies, rules and the regulations, these behaviour related to sexual harassment are not solved and is still on the rise. The strength of the article lies in the fact that it deals with the cases related to sexual harassment in the military. The case of Australian Defence Force Academy is also a military academy, and hence the studies obtained can be related to this case. Another significant strength of this article includes that it provides the idea of the leadership and the ways it can help to overcome the destructive and the criminal behaviour in the military ranks. This has helped me to analyses ways that would help to prevent sexual harassment in Australian Defence Force Academy.
The main weakness of this article is that it does not include any information or facts related to Australian Defence Force Academy but the entire military organisation as a whole. However, the studies that are presented here are adequate to deal with the perspective of the given case.
The present report provides an overview of the sexual abuse in Australian Defence Force Academy. The case questioned the security of the women in the workplace. Australian Defence Force Academy is a military training organisation but places like that lack proper security of the women. It has been seen that the female cadet is treated negatively as games and are not respected as the colleagues. The investigation found the accused guilty and was jailed.
In this context, the central point of argument identified from the analysis of the article is that sexual harassment or discrimination at the workplace is prevalent not only in private organisations, but also in public sector organisations, especially in defence forces or in police forces. It revokes that Australian government cannot keep calm by introducing laws, but there is a high urgency of implementing the laws rigorously for preventing such cases in future and ensure safety of women workers in the workplace.
Habiba, P., (2017). The Australian Defence Force Academy Skype Sex Scandal: Understanding the Implications of Containment. Armed Forces & Society, 43(2), pp.300-321.
McDonald, P., (2012). Workplace sexual harassment 30 years on A review of the literature. International Journal of Management Reviews, 14(1), pp.1-17.
Venkatesh, B., Corke, C., Raper, R., Pinder, M., Stephens, D., Joynt, G., Morley, P., Bellomo, R., Bevan, R., Freebairn, R. and Varghese, B., (2016). Prevalence of bullying, discrimination and sexual harassment among trainees and Fellows of the College of Intensive Care Medicine of Australia and New Zealand. Critical care and resuscitation, 18(4), p.230.
Bainbridge, H.T., Perry, E.L. and Kulik, C.T., (2018). Sexual harassment training: explaining differences in Australian and US approaches. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 56(1), pp.124-147.
Sadler, A.G., Lindsay, D.R., Hunter, S.T. and Day, D.V., (2018). The impact of leadership on sexual harassment and assault in the military. Military Psychology, pp.1-12.