Challenges in Cyber Security : Literature Review
The rapid leap in the technological expertise all across the globe is characterized with the enhancement of cyber attacks. The cyber vulnerabilities associated with the technological leap usually target the business administrations and simultaneously encourages the awareness about the possible working principles of these potential origins of cyber threats. Furthermore, if the cyber immunity measures are considerably violated this will simultaneously affect the several functional units of a business organization. The potential virtual intruder usually seeks access of the confidential information of the user by employing several debauch means.
This study is supposed to address the potential threats that can be caused by the several cyber threats, On that note, it is dedicated to systematically express the possible ways of infecting a device while identifying the potential domestic as well as foreign agents that may harm a device by disrupting the available set of information. Furthermore, this study is dedicated to address the possible aspects of mitigating this emerging problem of cyber threat. This comprehensive analogy might find its utility as it poses an embedded intent to optimize the organizational performance. Moreover, as there exists a sheer possibility for the virtual intruders to manipulate the accessed data that may disrupt the consistency of organizational workforce, it can be cited as a useful document in the organizational perspective since it is committed to cater the absolute objective of an respective enterprise.
Concept of Cyber Security
In this emerging scene of advancement of technological expertise the, virtual domain has become an integral accessory to cope up with. In order to respond to this increasing customer access of virtual interface while enhancing the exchange of services and information, users and foreign servers started to enjoy diverse opportunities in expense of a nominal expenditure. On that note, it can also be addressed that the threat of cyber security have elevated itself to the status of paramount importance since this rapid leap of technological expertise and perfection enables them with easier means to pursue their rogue intents. This advancement have facilitated the hackers along with other cyber intruders to easily breach the firewalls and other virtual immunity system. Sometimes they have been able to persuade the victim to divulge their confidential details while tantalizing them with cheap personal favors. Sending emails and several other attachments to the target prey is common process to accomplish this debauch pursuit of the cyber intruders.
This attachment usually comes with the plea to enroll for the suggested curriculum with catchy promises of personal profit. Whenever the prey user has enrolled with their personal and confidential details, all of this disclosed information have been replicated or redirected in a third party webpage (Ben-Asher & Gonzalez, 2015). The hackers or the virtual intruders subsequently enjoys the access of the prey users and eventually get hold of the banking and other financial details. This is a very common way to get access of the confidential details, which they consequently exploit to have their own profit. This can be cited as one of the common expression of cyber threat and this blaming can be justified as a essential evil that inherently lies in this volatile virtual interface. This is the rudimentary concept about the empirical domain of cyber threat and all the users need to formulate a pedantic awareness about this in order to sustain the confidentiality of their personal details and nuances of their financial statuses (Jabee & Alam, 2016).
Types of Cyber Threats
It is significant to declare this proclivity of virtual vulnerability as an evil product of this rapid leap in technological expertise by which this generation is usually defined. Hackers and several other cyber intruders exploits this deficiency of prudent security features that can be characterized as the debauch abuse of this inherent vulnerabilities. The diverse sorts of Cyber threats can be illustrated as follows:
Malware- Malware can be characterized as the organized integration of diverse sorts of cyber and virtual threats and usually consists of Trojan and other identical viruses. It can be illustrated as the systematically devised code of instruction that usually come up with the rogue intent to hack the immune set of confidential information. Furthermore, it holds the potential to demolish the entire set of information. Malwares usually appear in the virtual scenario coupled with the attachments that contains malicious emails and the consequent download of the attached links might herald the issues associated with vulnerability (Miyachi & Yamada, 2014).
Phishing attacks- These sorts of assailants usually ask for a reliable metric of information from a foreign agent. Furthermore, sometimes it comes with a request to enroll in a given link that has been endowed with the previous attachment. On that note, what can be served as a reliable index of virtual intrusion where some of the attachments ask for personal and confidential information. In recent days, this software has transformed itself into a more sophisticated and elegant version where it encourages the user to redirect to a third interface and the celestial intruders enable them to steal the available information of the foreign servers and the users. So, it has become very easier and handy for the hacker to administrate their malicious intent (Rawat & Bajracharya, 2015).
Password attacks- This sort of attacks are usually characterized by the intent of the intruder to crack the imposed password of the user simply by initiating access to the user’s system. This sort of assailants usually does not incorporate any sort of debauch instructions and malicious codes. Moreover, it does not exploit any software to continue their objectives. In this case, it is usually administer a unique software that is staunchly directed violate the password of the prey user. It usually cracks the imposed password of the system of the user. There are some specific applications associated with the program that have the potential to initiate brute force attack. This type of software are usually devised and commanded to crack the password of the target user (Reddy & Reddy, 2014).
DoS Attacks- This sort of assailants usually imparts vehemence in order to disorder the principles of a unique network. Contextually, the method of imposing Dos attacks is unique in terms of application since the intruders transmit a profound volume of network signal. It is intended to congest the traffic of network by overloading it. This kind of attack is considerably the most common form of cyber threats since it indulges the user to overcome the blockage of network imposed by the virtual intruder and in the meantime the hacker employs multiple networks to acquire access of the preserved information.
MITM attack- MITM stands for Man in the Middle where the assailant is intended to impersonate the diverse end nodes in a specific interface of services and information exchange. These sort of attacks are usually characterized and seen in the banking and financial sectors and prone to address the interface of online transaction. Usually, this kind of attacks earned it access through a non-illusive wireless access node. Since they enjoy this facility of mutual exchange in the interface, they have facilitated the access to all the associated metric of information owned by the user (Šendelj, Lombardi, Ognjanović & Guarino, 2014).
Malvertising- In this kind of attack, the virtual intruder enforce the user tocompromise with the fixed workstations while incorporating several instructions of rogue intent, This malice is prone to occur whenever the user is encouraged to download some suspicious index of advertisement. These have been a common practice for the potential intruders to upload suspicious and malicious content in the celestial interface in order to intrigue the users and simultaneously contaminate their set of informations. Clicking on that contagious link would redirect the user to a separate third party interface and grab the confidential document over there. This can be illustrated as a process of virtual hijack and the stolen information as a ransom in order to attain the required cyber security (Staheli et al. 2014).
Eavesdropping- This can be illustrated as a mode virtual overhearing where the potential intruder is prone to listen to some private exchanges illegally. This is usually practiced among the diverse and shared hosts of a particular network. This is not that severe kind of virtual threat and can be resolved by following some simple measures.
Clickjacking- This sort of assailants usually target the virtual interface usually used by the user simply employing some malicious celestial instructions in the form of cryptic codes. Delving deep, this process is usually characterized as a cheap trick from the hacker’s site that employs a cheap trick and makes the user click on a suspicious button. That button is further conditioned to redirect the respective user to another web page. This sort of assailants can also be illustrated as the potential hijackers who are prone to steal some important information from the system of the user (Wang & Lu, 2013).
The mitigation steps can be easily formulated if the potential users could acquire relevant awareness from the catastrophic consequences of the cyber attacks. The processes usually employed by the assailants can be characterized under a common platform since in most of the cases the potential intruders seek assistance of some suspicious contents, buttons or debauch virtual attachments that is prone to redirect the user towards a new web page while ensuring the violation of their important information (Wells, Camelio, Williams & White, 2014). In order to resolve these evoking problems related to virtual theft some simple measures can be followed such as,
- Preserving the significant information in an encrypted way in order to impart an illusion in the available information and making it difficult for the hacker to intrude
- To refrain the users to share their confidential information that shares a public space while exchanging relevant informations and services
- To encourage the users to change their passwords in a regular basis in order to make it difficult for the virtual intruder to anticipate the password
- In addition to that, that the sheer negligence of saving the passwords in public interfaces need to be resolved
- To ensure the restriction of sharing confidential information only on those public interfaces which are dedicated to change the infrastructure of their virtual interface in a regular basis.
- Another remedy is to generate and develop a pedantic awareness about the working principles of the virtual interfaces. It is very popularly concluded that to attain cyber enlightenment the user should seek access only on those links that comes without any attachment. This can be cited as a guideline for the potential and can be instructed that they should avail any attachments after gaining the assurance of its reliability (Rawat & Bajracharya, 2015).
It will obviously going to be an exaggeration to talk about the importance of the awareness of cyber threats in order to immune our important information. The notion of cyber threat can be incorporated on the domestic and foreign premises. It is equally important for the user to know the methods of intervention of potential intruders in order to devise the requisite security features. Trojan and other identical viruses are instructed to infect the device in domestic premises where it indulges the device to disrupt the services and gradually deteriorate towards corruption. On the other hand, the malwares and other external cyber threats will enforce the user to respond to some suspicious web content in order to make the user divulge their confidential information (Reddy & Reddy, 2014).
On that note, it can be suggested that several software can be installed from the user’s side in order to prevent their important informations from being theft.
Gap in Literature
Most of the research scholars in this discipline seem fastidious and adamant to identify the possible ways of valuable information being theft. On that note, it can also be addressed that they have been unable to identify the potential origins of cyber threats since they seem determined and complacent with the problems oriented with the cyber threats. On that note, the researchers have decided to carry forward this research suite while serving the purpose to suggest some prudent and effective remedies that might facilitate the process of preventing the valuable information from being divulged. Furthermore, what the prevalent literature lacks is the systematic evaluation of the working principles of the domestic as well as the foreign agents of cyber threat, which this researcher wishes to address here.