Discuss why indigenous people globally experience health disparities which impact their health and life expectancy. identify factors that have influenced these disparities.
Health disparities amongst indigenous people have been a prime issue for health care practitioners and policy developers across the world. It is observed that the imbalance in health care system can be addressed through a direct relationship between settler societies and indigenous people (Germov, 2019). Hence, some factors such as political, social and cultural play significant roles in creating disequilibrium in the health and social care context globally. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia belong to the most renowned indigenous community of this country. The major aim of this essay is to discuss the implications of socio-political and historical context that enhanced the problems for care service providers. Further, a critical analysis on the cultural and social factors and their impacts on Aboriginal and Torres Islander people are embedded in this essay.
Implication of socio-historical-political in context of health
Aboriginal people are mostly the ancient people of Australia, as they were in major numbers prior to the invasion of the British. Further, the invasion of British people has imposed a massive impact on the wellbeing of aboriginal people as their lands were taken forcefully (Bramley et al. 2005). In addition, the initial invasion has created a huge amount of diseases amongst those people from indigenous community. A report identified that due to the land invasion and killing outrage the number of aboriginals were reduced to 60,000 from 1 million during the 20th century (Survival International, 2020). Considering the political aspect, the policy to replace aboriginal children from their parents also promoted the inequality in health and social care system in Australia. It is observed that the aboriginal people of Australia still face significant issues such as racism, higher infant mortality rate, suicide rate and others. In a nutshell, these issues can be discussed from sociological and political context.
As stated earlier, racism is a significant socio-cultural factor impacting the health and social care context that creates disparities amongst people (indigenous and non-indigenous). Examples can be considered from the incident of Ibis hotel. It is found that aboriginal people, who stay at this hotel, receive minimal care and a poor room environment. On another hand, non-indigenous Australians receive premium service from this hotel. Another incident in the health care context addresses the social problems faced by aboriginal people in the healthcare context. It is found that Naomi Williams, a pregnant woman died with her unborn baby due to lack of referral from care practitioners (Cunnen, 2019). In addition, the number of aboriginal peoples’ death in custody has also been increased drastically due to racial attitude of the society.
Social and cultural factors shaping health beliefs, experiences and outcomes of Aboriginnals
Social and culture factors also play a key role in shaping the health beliefs, experiences and outcome for aboriginal people in Australia. It is found that people from aboriginal community share same type of behavioural pattern that helps them to retain their cultural identity. As commented by Hampton & Toomvs (2013), aboriginal people of this country face significant issues in preserving their cultural identity. Therefore, racial discrimination in health and social care context questions the healthcare policy development of this country (Biles & Biles, 2020). Further, it is found that aboriginal people of this country face racial discrimination in primary care services and women belong to this group face harassment, while receiving treatment.
Due to such above reasons, health beliefs, experiences and outcomes of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island people have been shaped negatively. For instance, lower standard of care support maximises the chance of mortality rate amongst individuals, which force people to nit receive primary care (Best & Fredericks, 2018). Rather, they prefer focusing on their cultural values and beliefs. On another hand, the rate of suicides amongst indigenous people is also very high, comparing to the non-indigenous people.
From the above discussion, it can be said that indigenous people across the globe receive minimum care service, which affects the mortality rate significantly. Further, it is also identified that the British invasion in Australia started the curbing of aboriginal people from every aspect of the society. It is observed that introduction of multiple policies to limit the access of indigenous people in health care service created unequal distribution of healthcare services across the country. In addition, cultural problems like racism and discrimination in healthcare organisations also influenced the health outcome of indigenous people across this country. Finally, problems in maintaining the ethical identity have also enhanced the suicide rate of indigenous people across this country. Due to these factors the cultural beliefs and values are also shaped, which drifted the aboriginal people from the domain of health care and service significantly.