Effect Of Hospitality Industry On Environment

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Question :

BUS103 Research and Academic Skills

Unit Learning Outcomes

a. To comprehend and demonstrate the process of academic writing and strategies to manage tertiary study;

b. To apply scholarly principles of summarising, referencing, quoting and paraphrasing;

c. To differentiate types of resources and demonstrate the gathering of credible academic information;

d. To apply academic writing conventions within a range of text types and genres;

e. To apply critical thinking skills in the integration and discussion of academic knowledge





Student Workload

Students are expected to undertake 4 hours of scheduled classes with a lecturer (lectures, tutorials and workshops) plus 8 hours of personal study time per week.

This assignment is a writing task that asks you to locate, summarise and evaluate five (5) full-text academic journal articles in the form of an annotated bibliography.

The articles must relate to the topic you have chosen for Assignment 2, as your annotated bibliography commences the research process for your Assignment 2 Essay.

What is an annotated bibliography?

An annotated bibliography provides a brief account of the available academic research on a given topic. It is a list of citations, with each followed by a short paragraph of around 150-160 words called the annotation. An annotation paragraph comments on the source cited, and includes both descriptive and evaluative writing. An annotated bibliography is a valuable writing task as it enables you to: familiarise yourself with material available on a given topic; demonstrate the breadth and depth of reading you have done; highlight sources that are useful and/or of interest to a reader; explore and organise sources as the first step in preparing for another assignment e.g. an essay or literature review.

What structure is required for your annotated bibliography?

Full reference of the text according to APA 6th edition as the prescribed referencing system.

An annotation in a paragraph below each reference. Include the following three areas of content per article:

Summary – reiterate the main points of the article. Ensure you identify the purpose of the article and the key finding/main argument of the article. You can also summarise the intended audience of the article and the research methodology used.

Evaluation – evaluate the article briefly. Consider strengths, weakness and/or notable features of the text. You can consider criteria such as reliability, significance and contribution to the topic field, methodology, use of evidence, writing style, and how the text is structured.

Statement of value – to what extent, and how, does the article inform the topic under investigation, with a particular emphasis on your Assessment 2 Essay?

What else do you need to follow for the structure of your annotated bibliography?

•List your annotations in alphabetical order using the first letter of the first author’s surname

•An introduction and conclusion is not needed for an annotated bibliography.

•A separate reference list is not required, as a full reference for each article is already presented.

•As you are referring to one article at a time, you do not need to reference any other additional sources in this assignment

•To discuss each article, you can refer to ‘the article’ or ‘the author/s’, or use correct APA 6th in-text referencing.

What style of writing should you use and how do you get started?

As you are writing an annotated bibliography on academic journal articles, the style of writing is academic. To get started, first locate and record citations to academic journal articles that may contain useful information and perspectives on your chosen topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic.

Following the citation for each article, an annotation is written in full sentences within a correctly formatted paragraph. You will need to be highly selective in the content you write to ensure you provide a full ‘snapshot’ of the article and its value for the topic under investigation

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Answer :

IMPACT OF HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY ON ENVIRONMENT


Article 1:

Cashman, A., Cumberbatch, J., & Moore, W. (2012). The effects of climate change on tourism in small states: evidence from the Barbados case. Tourism Review67(3), 17-29.

The Caribbean Islands are one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world and Barbados is one of the main areas where the attraction is high. However, the climate change throughout the world is effecting Barbados tourism industry negatively and this article is intended to address this situation. The study comes up with the findings that green taxes and higher insurance premiums for beachfront properties can influence the tourists and suppliers to control pollution levels. 

The article is a very important one in the context of the modern world that is experiencing high levels of pollution concerning different elements of the earth. The article goes deep in discussion regarding the demand and supply of hospitality services in Barbados, which is getting effected largely by climate change. The study has been very effective in recognizing the issues and recommending steps by which the issues can be resolved.

Hospitality industries are one of the main contributors to GDP in any economy. However, there are cases where the industry can have harmful effects on the environment and this study has can contribute immensely to the essay as it is based upon a very important tourist location of Barbados and it also brings forward the different environmental impacts of the hospitality industry based there. 

Article 2:


Seetanah, B., & Fauzel, S. (2018). Investigating the impact of climate change on the tourism sector: evidence from a sample of island economies. Tourism Review.

The tourism industry is one of the main elements of an economy and it also contributes largely to the revenues of a country as it brings foreign currency. However, the climate change throughout the world can influence the tourist demand in a negative manner and this study has taken the case of 18 small states based on islands that formed in between 1989 and 2016. The relationship of climate change and the tourist industry in these islands is the main purpose of this study.

The study that has been conducted here has used panel data techniques effectively as well a framework concerning panel vector autoregressive framework. The result from this research was effective in projecting how there is a strong relation in between climate change and tourism. The study also comes up with results that tourist demand can be effected by climate change.

The study can contribute heavily to the essay, as it will give out examples how climate change can negatively affect tourism industry. The policy makers can benefit from this study as they will have their hands on information which can help them mitigate the negative impacts of climate change

Article 3:

Farid, H., Hakimian, F., Nair, V., Nair, P. K., & Ismail, N. (2016). Trend of research on sustainable tourism and climate change in 21st century. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes8(5), 516-533.

The article intents to review literature that has been published in between 1996 and 8th January which were based on Sustainable Tourism and Climate change. The study is intended also to find the connection between these two aspects. 

The paper effectively identifies the different trends of research that is concerned with the effect of climate change on hospitality industry. The article can also contribute to the main topic of as the literatures that have been selected are very relevant and are successful in presenting useful data.

The contribution of this study towards the essay is very important, as the article will be providing for the theoretical references that it has been successful in gathering from various literatures. 

Article 4:

Jayawardena, C., Pollard, A., Chort, V., Choi, C., & Kibicho, W. (2013). Trends and sustainability in the Canadian tourism and hospitality industry. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes5(2), 132-150

The main objective of this study is to identify and resolve the important sustainability issues that Canada faces in terms of its tourism industry. The findings in this research give out very important information about the concept of sustainable development in the tourism Industry. The future trends of this industry are also recognized in the study. 

The research paper follows a discussion in between industry leaders in the hospitality industry and educators in the industry. The theories that is connected with the best practices in Canadian tourism is recognized in this study and thus it can be considered as a great contribution to the discussion about the main the main topic. 

The importance of innovation in mitigating the hospitality industry issues is discussed in detail in this study and thus the paper is a great contributor to the essay. 

Article 5:

Butts, T., & Sukhdeo-Singh, T. (2010). Sustainable tourism as a tool for conservation and protection of the Amazon rainforest in Guyana?. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes2(2), 173-185

The main purpose of the article is to look into the capacity of sustainable tourism for protecting and conserving the Rainforest in Guyana. The findings of the study is positive as it is clear that sustainable tourism can be used to develop mechanism that will save the rainforest from being destroyed. 

The method followed in this case study is examination of different steps taken by Government and Non Government Agencies to protect the rain forest. The main topic is heavily related with this paper as the findings clearly describes that tourism can have a impact on the conservation of environment.

The essay will be written upon the main topic of how tourism can affect the environment and this case study with its information can contribute largely to the completion of the essay. 

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