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HLSC122 Drug Checking Event in Social Festivals: Critical Appraisal of Evidence Assessment 3 Answer

ASSESSMENT 3 OVERVIEW – Critical appraisal of evidence

For Assessment 3 students are required to demonstrate their ability to reflect on a health scenario and critically appraise the evidence (primary research paper) provided in relation to a health scenario. The scenario is available under the Assessment 3 tile.

Students are required to identify strengths and limitations of a research paper at a beginning level. The research paper can be located under the Assessment 3 tile. Finally, students are required to discuss the factors which influence the use of evidence in practice. The critical appraisal of evidence must be supported by a minimum of four (4) references which are valid and varied academic sources (e.g. Greenhalgh et al. 2018; Hoffman et al. 2017).


Critically appraise the research paper provided in LEO located under the Assessment 3 tile, and read the corresponding health scenario. The research paper should be accessed as a full text and critically appraised using the questions identified in Part A & B, which are based on Greenhalgh et al. (2018). The research paper being critically appraised should be written as a full reference at the beginning of the essay (and included in the reference list). The paper should be referenced in-text according to APA (i.e. author, year) required for direct quotes only.

Writing in an essay format (introduction, body, conclusion, reference list) answer the questions in Part A and Part B. Students should refer to the ACU Study Guide: Skills for Success (2017) – available online - to ensure they follow the university’s essay writing and referencing guidelines.

Small/short headings may be used. Do not repeat the questions or scenario.

Part A

Consider the strengths and limitations (critically appraise) the research paper using the following questions. Each paragraph should be supported with a high quality, valid, varied academic reference. This reference is supporting your knowledge and understanding of critical appraisal related to the research paper.


Discuss the strengths and limitations of the:

  1. Authors’ expertise, based on their cited qualifications and affiliations;
  2. Possible conflicts of interest or possible grounds for bias in the paper.

Research Questions, aim or hypothesis

Outline the research study’s question/s, aim or hypothesis and present the author’s justification/s as to why their study was needed.

Research Design

Discuss the research design and how the authors justified their choice of design for their stated research question.

Research Methods

Discuss the methods the researchers used for: selecting study participants and for collecting and analysing data?

What were the strengths and limitations of the methods used?

Results and limitation of the study

Discuss whether the results/conclusions of the study answer the research study’s question/s.

Describe how the limitations impact the application of the study findings?

Part B

Application of research evidence into clinical practice considering the given scenario and clinical question.

Adoption of research findings is often restricted due to a range of key enablers and barriers. Reflecting on your scenario describe some of the enablers and barriers to the uptake of your papers research findings.

Due date:Part A and B are to be submitted on Wednesday 22nd May by 2359 Hours


Length and/or format:Assessment 3 (Part a & b) should not exceed 1200

words +/-10% (including in-text citations)

Purpose:The written assignment is required to provide the students with an opportunity to demonstrate fundamental skills required for sound appraisal of research. These assessments are designed to engage students with content that will build knowledge which, by the conclusion of this programme, will allow the student to graduate as a health care professional who can locate and critically appraise discipline specific literature.

Learning outcomes assessed: 3, 4, 5

How to submit:Submission is via the Turnitin Dropbox available in LEO HLSC122 (Campus tile).

Return of assignment:Feedback (written, rubric and/or voice comments) will

be available in the Turnitin Dropbox in LEO when the final unit grades are released.

Assessment criteria:Criticalappraisal,knowledge,criticalthinking,


Please include the word count of your assignment on the front page of your assignment or in a header. Please note that in-text citations are included in the word count whilst the reference list is not included in the word count. Words that are more than 10% over the word count will not be considered.

Please see further information in the section below titled ‘Word Count’.


Writing requires skill and being able to write within a specified word limit is an essential component of professional and academic work. Reading and writing critically are fundamental skills which demonstrate an understanding and an ability to make judgements and solve problems, hence why only 10% of a word count should be direct quotes. That is, if the word count is 1500 words only 150 of those words should be direct quotes. Word counts provide students with an indication of the amount of detail and work required for each assessment item.

What is included in a word count?

Essentially, all text within an assessment item from the introduction through to the conclusion is counted in the word count. This includes all in-text citations, direct quotes and headings.

The word count does not include the following:

  • Title page
  • Reference list
  • Appendices
  • Tables
  • Figures and legends


Please note that if you submit your assignment, notice that the similarity index is high but do not have time to revise your assessment task before the due date has passed, then you are advised to:

  • contact the Lecturer in Charge and request that your assignment be removed.
  • revise the assignment, submit it within three days of the due date and incur a late submission penalty.
  • submit it into the regular Dropbox. Do not submit into the extension Dropbox.
  • Please review the Academic Integrity and Misconduct policy if you choose not to do this.


This unit requires you to use the APA referencing system.

See the Academic referencing’ page of the Student Portal for more details.


Case Scenario: Assessment 3

HLSC122 Semester 1, 2019

Assessment 3: Critical appraisal of evidence


This report is mainly on the topic of drug checking event in social festivals or other festivals like music concerts and others in Australia. It is clarified that about 43% of drug used and illicit by the over 14 year aged boys or girls, and the people who hold the age group of 20-29 years use ecstasy (Day et al. 2018). So in order to stop this kind of things, the government take some serious steps, like drug checking in the festivals which done by the method pill testing. However, this is a much-needed step to control the drug users and also to save the future of the youth generation of the country as well as of the world.

PART A – Critical appraisal


The author of this report expresses his views in this report. But each and every statement of the author is justified as the author uses some abbreviations in order to support his views as well as his statements. The used abbreviations are Drug Information and Monitoring system, Paramethoxyamphetamine, Trans European Drug Information and many others. All of these abbreviations are totally correct and highly justified too, which supports the review and views and the statements of the author strongly (Day et al. 2018). In order to make the views of the author valid enough and appropriate too and also to prove that, it is necessary to use this kind of abbreviations so that the abbreviations can support the views of the author actively and adequately.

Research questions:

Every research work needs proper research questions or objectives which mainly guide the research progress and also will satisfy by the research outcomes (Greenhalg et al. 2018). The research questions are as follows:

  1. How to detect the amount and also the proportion and the patterns of the drug usage among the young generation of the country?
  2. What is the reaction of the youths towards this kind of drug checking event in the festivals?
  3. What is the effect of this drug checking behaviour and the progress on this upon the authentic behaviour of drug use? 

Research design:

The author of this report mainly selected descriptive type of analytical method to reach the end conclusion, which will support the research questions. For this kind of analysis, a survey or an interview needs to be performed. In this case, the author, along with some helpers and a set of questions, performed a survey in a musical festival or concert to get the necessary information or data (Day et al. 2018). The data is mainly collected from a group of 10-12 youths, collected from the festival, who are the representatives of the current youth generation. As in this kind of surveys naturally does not get extended or descriptive answers for that reason the author mainly chose the quantitative analysis method to analyze the findings or the data (Bade et al., 2018). Nevertheless, this kind of research work demands to be organized inside a running festival. However, due to lack of enough time, this research work’s survey was performed in daylight when the festival was not at its full throttle. 

Research methods:

The data collection method of this research work mainly follows the primary type of data collection method (Klausen, 2017). However, this type of research work also demands this kind of data collection method, as the facial expression of the respondents have to be watched accurately by the members of the research team. As in this type of research work, sometimes face expression tells the truth. However, as the set of the question did not have the question to be answered with long and descriptive answers. For that reason, the research work mainly followed the quantitative type of data analysis method, and it is also justified enough, as the long and brief answers were not available to the researchers only have one option left that is the quantitative type of data analysis (Day et al. 2018). However, the researchers used these two techniques to reach the result and also to draw the conclusion part.

Results and limitations:

Among the respondents, 73.4% replied that they were in the affection of eliciting drugs in the last 12 months and also gave the information that they mostly used ecstasy and cannabis in those days. Whereas, among the respondents 86.5% expressed their views and said that they thought this kind drug checking policy has the capability to reduce the percentage of eliciting drugs, but 84.9% respondents replied that they thought this kind of event would be more effective if it will be accompanied by some hard reduction advice from the highly educated persons. However, among all respondents, 68.6% of respondents agreed to the fact that quality control management can be useful in this case (Gerace et al., 2019)... Among the other respondents, this movement was fully supported by 54.6% respondents and also 32.7% of youths supported this thinking. 

However, the limitations of this research work were the survey took place in the daylight when drug users mainly do not illicit drugs. Among the respondents, the percentage of the female respondents were high, and as females are not so much potent user of drugs as the males are, so the data and the result are biased in nature (Day et al. 2018). A group of 10-12 youths have participated in the survey part of the research work as this small group cannot represent the whole youth society so that, these are the limitations of the research work.

PART B – Application of evidence to practice:

This kind of result and the conclusion and also the analysis left a deep impression on society and also on the government too. This kind of research project depicts that if the government takes some severe and strict steps against these acts, then this kind of acts can be stopped entirely. However, the research project also shows that festival like music concert and in others, the act of illicit drugs got increased (Grigg et al., 2018). However, some immediate steps should be taken by the Australian government.

The limitations of the research work perhaps act like barriers (Greenhalg et al. 2018). This has been evident in the case as the female respondents were high in number, for that reason result simply become, which certainly can act as a barrier. The survey took place at the daylight, while if the survey can be organized at night, then it will be more effective. This also acts as a barrier to this research work.


From this research work, it is justified that the potent user of these drugs is the youths of the society. This is also justified that this kind of activity increases in any kind of festivals. However, it is also true that a loyal and strict initiative from the government of Australia is enough to put down the level of illicit drug users or to stop that entirely. There is a certain number of youths present who are totally against this kind of activity; this is one of the essential satisfactory outcomes of this research work. The drug checking, quality management and the harm reduction advice are the three significant steps which were described in this report, and the government should take immediate steps on these acts.

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