|Subject Title||Sustainable Tourism Development|
|Assessment Title||Individual Assignment - Annotations|
|Learning Outcome/s||2, 3 & 5|
|Assessment type (group or|
|Total Word count||1300 words excluding references and appendices|
|Format / Layout of Assessment||Annotated Bibliography|
ICMS Cover Page
Synopsis / Executive Summary Full bibliographic details including:
x x x
|You are required to develop an Annotated Bibliography|
To complete this bibliography, you need to select five contemporary research articles on the challenges associated with sustainable tourism development.
You are to summarise each article, addressing the rationale for the research, methods, major ideas about sustainable tourism development revealed in the
literature review section of each article; and
|Subject Name: Sustainable Tourism Development|
|Assessment Title: Annotated Bibliography|
|Word Count: 1400|
The main purpose of the report is to focus on analysing the five academic journals and how the parts would be equated as per the sustainable tourism development. The main focus would be on the identifying the ethical tourism behavior and to note the sustainable tourism, that can be related with the tourism practices and would link to sustainable tourism development and having a center of the focus on the trekking tourism and also am for sustainability, over-tourism, and relates with the stakeholder's perceptions sustainable tourism development. Through the report, the center of the focus is on briefly identifying the contents of the articles and understanding of the reader that can relate to the articles of connection to sustainable tourism.
Due to the sustainable development that was discovered in Brundtlands Commission (WCED, 1987), it identifies how there can be consistent ‘development that can meet the needs of the present and link with the present inability to meet the future generations that can be deemed as its own needs.’ Through the report, the focus is on the rationale of research, the main discussions, and how to identify the research methodology along with the results linked to the limitations (if any), and conclusions.
From the in-depth analysis, the focus is on the five articles that are related to the tourism industry and the prime concern is the sustainable factors that can be linked to the different aspects of the sustainability, It would be important to identify the ethical behavior implications over the tourists and the host country or community, where the most of the stakeholders are working in the same framework to have the sustainable development. The prime focus is on responsible tourism and how to play a vital role in relation to the sustainable environment. Depending on the tourists it is important to understand the activities impacting the environment.
Ganglmair-Wooliscroft, A., & Wooliscroft, B. (2016). Diffusion of innovation: The case of ethical tourism behavior. Journal of Business Research,69(8), 2711-2720. DOI:10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.11.006
Through the article, the author's Alexander Ganglmair-Wooliscroft & Ben Wooliscroft (2016) have focused on the key individual’s behavior that was focused on the holiday period and depending on the period of its own. Through the article, the importance of the consumers who would be proactively being linked to the consumers can enact ethical consumption and it has to be related to the Ethical Tourist Behavior (ETB) that can be based on the Rash Model.
The main aim of the article is to identify how there can be associated link in between the individual behavioral innovativeness and how there can be an enactment of the diffusion of Innovation Model that would include the Rasch Model. Through the research, the prime goal was to understand the Ethical Tourist Behavior Hierarchy and to determination was done through the ethical framework related to the hierarchy link to the assumptions of Rasch Model, and then it was integrated with the ETB is that has been consistently being systematic in terms of respondents. As denoted how the research can identify the DSI scale that can also measure the specific innovativeness along with owning the relation to ethical consumption innovativeness which has been considered to be respondents and also aim for the ethical importance depending on the choices. It would be negative and five ECI that can note to be DSI that can address the three negative along with three positives. The research holds the one limitation which was linked to the ethical behavior that related to the tourists, and it has to be evaluated per the actual actions in the vacations and how there were actual participants that can work in terms of the theory of diffusion of innovation with respect to mass. To conclude, the article was focused on main base of information and it included the behavioral variables that can denote the future diffusion.
Article 2: ‘Assessing the Responsible Tourism Practices for Sustainable Development – An Empirical Inquiry of Yelagiri, Tamil Nadu’
Rajamanicam, H., Mohanty, P., & Chandran, A. (2018). Assessing the Responsible Tourism Practices for Sustainable Development - An Empirical Inquiry of Yelagiri, Tamil Nadu. Journal of Hospitality Application & Research, 13(2), July 2018, 1-29.
Through the article, the author’s Rajamanicam, Mohanty & Chandran (2018), have focused on tourism as the main tool to have sustainable development. The article discusses in depth about the Yelagiri, Tamil Nadu, India, and there has been a relevant understanding of the tourism industry which has been active in sustainable practices as a destination. Depending on the destination requirements and how the destination needs are it can be understood in reliance on the literature analysis which is quantitative and qualitative.
As focused on the Yelagiri that the author has identified as the tourist destination which can be done without the proper research and how it is important to work over the collaborative approach this can be linked to the threats of unsustainable tourism. Further to relate with the tourism that can mark with the environmental protection, natural conservation, communal involvement, and it would be associated with the governmental concerns and depending on the tourists’ perception based on the responsibility.
The research identified was of the participatory data collection that can be linked members, government officials, and aimed with the comprehensive findings of the understanding related to the destination. The author has collected the data through the interviews, questionnaires, along with the active participant’s observation and has thematic content analysis. Depending on the research from various government documents, and take data from the journal articles, on how to collaborate the findings to validate. To conclude, the core matter of Yelagiri having a more stable plan and even a turning point for responsible tourism as per the initial point.
Article 3: ‘Is Trekking Tourism Sustainable? Examples from Nepal’
Bohme-Bauer, K. (2012). Is Trekking tourism sustainable? Examples from Nepal. Journal of Tourism, 13(2), 47-67.
The main focus of the article is on tourism sustainable practices, which have been discussed briefly by the author Böhmer-Bauer (2012). The main analysis is on the trekking tour operators and how they have a vital role to play in sustainable tourism. The main understanding is linked to the findings of the contradictions it is important to have the image of the German Tour operators and to have the sustainable tourism practices which can help to channelize in the environmental protection; fair business conditions and also is associated with the fair command and the safety and quality services. It is important to understand how the article draws relevancy to the main center point of the extent of sustainability practices that are linked to the trekking tours and to relate with the tour operators that can work progressively over the order to sustain the tourism.
Through the article, it is important to understand how it would be related to the travel catalogs and depending on the secondary literature along with the developed questionnaire it has to be identified with the Nepalese partner agency aimed for the German Tour Operators, It is important to understand the corporate social responsibility (CSR), and how as the customer feedback forms, the importance of the personal experience can be linked to the field. Also, the relevancy of the literature review needs to be understood about the sustainable development and tourism practices, on which the author has denied the sustainable tourism and how there can be a consideration over the controlled and planned usage of relation depending on the resources for development what can be used them in the future usage.
Article 4: ‘Over tourism: Residents' perceptions of tourism impact as an indicator of resident social carrying capacity – a case study of a Spanish Heritage town'
Gonzalez, V. M., Coro mina, L., & Gail, N. (2018). Over tourism: Residents’ perceptions of tourism impact as an indicator of resident social carrying capacity - case study of a Spanish heritage town. Tourism Review, 73(3), 277-296. Doi: 10.1108/tr-08-2017-0138
The main focus of the article is on the tourism impact and it has been authored by Gonzalez, Coromina & Gali (2018) that primarily focuses on the town of Breslau, Spain. The article also presents a holistic review of the perception that can be related to the social carrying capacity as per the destination. The prime focus is on the study that is linked to the social carrying capacity and how the locals would have the detrimental inapt over and its assessment. The approach of the literature is related to the negative perceptions and how the impacts are linked to the changing perspective of carrying capacity levels. Through the article, the main importance is on the potency of residents’ perceptions and how the tourist function index, along with the tourism pressure and willingness to work needs to be understood. It is also related to the different variables identified form the residents’ perceptions.
To further evaluate the methodology of the research, the author has used is linked with the other academic journal and how there is the inclusion of the capacity that can be noted as per the relationship with Social Exchange Theory (SET). Depending on the questionnaire survey the main aim is of the population and the center of the theories gained through the conclusive data that can be linked with the ANOVA test that can create the impact perceptions as one of the capacity indicators...
To conclude, the article was focused on the variable of willingness that can accept more of the tourism and also include the tourism intensity along with the tourist function index.
Article 5: “Stakeholder Perceptions of Tourism Assets and Sustainable Tourism Development in Da Nang, Vietnam”
Holladay, P., Dixon, A. W., Nguyen, M. C., Nguyen, B. L., Xu, S., & Price-Howard, K. (2018). Stakeholder Perceptions of Tourism Assets and Sustainable Tourism Development in Da Nang, Vietnam. Enlightening Tourism. A Pathmaking Journal,8(2), 74. DOI:10.33776/et.v8i2.3357
In the given article, the authors Holladay P. Et. al. (2018), gave aimed to focus on the ethical tourist practices in the coastal city of Da Nang, Vietnam, which has been described as the main destination and linked with domestic and international tourists. Through the article, the focus is on sustainable practices and how the main goal is linked to tourism having a growing number of tourists visitation and it can be associated with the perspective of the stakeholder having the tourist main destination. Depending on the key importance of stakeholders how it is important to have sustainability practices can also help to build the assumptions to have the gauging of the practices. It would be important to think as per the research. As per the understanding how article needs to be interpreted with the concept of sustainable development that can note how the ‘development would meet without the compromising ability that can have the future generation and the own needs, The article has taken the research of the in-depth interview and also discussed in the bride with the government, private sectors along with the tourist and how the host communities and other stakeholders were considered.
The article's reliability and validity were of the data and further by comparing the responses of interviewees and secondly, through the prices of coding/building themes and researching over the academics. The results aimed at the three assets: beach resort tourism, having the MICE along with focused on cultural and heritage tourism. To conclude, the research is dependent on the research airing of the sustainable tourism practices and also linked with the development of the tourism assets that can help to recognize.