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HRMT20024 Essay on Attracting and Retaining staff: Literature Review Assessment 3 Answer

HRMT20024 T2 2019 - Assessment 3 guidelines – Essay on Attracting and Retaining staff (revised)
Weighting45%
Length2,500 words ± 10% (excluding title page and reference list)
Learning1, 2, 3, 4
PurposeStudents have completed the ‘Reviewing the Literature’ for Assessment 2, and that material should be used towards Assessment 3, including the feedback received.
Assessment 3 will assist students to apply their learning to a particular industry sector or problem, and tailor their argument to that sector’s specific challenges. It will give students the opportunity to enhance their research, analysis, critical thinking and written communication skills; particularly in the areas of argument development and essay writing.
Before starting this assessment, please read the marking criteria (at the end of this document).
Assessment
Task
There are two choices (will be announced) for Essay 3 – for example, the ‘X’ sector, or
the ‘Y’ sector.
You will write an essay on the key challenges in attracting and retaining a workforce in your selected sector.
Your essay will draw on at least five themes from Week 1 to Week 11 of this unit, being those most relevant to your selected industry sector.
Your essay will draw on the academic literature (including the articles from ‘Reviewing the Literature’ you developed for Assessment 2), and develop an argument applying that literature to your selected sector.
You must cite at least ten (10) relevant peer reviewed journal articles, and 3 chapters from the Nankervis et al. (2017) textbook. You can cite other academic references such as books, conference papers, and book chapters but these will NOT be counted as part of
the 10 journal articles


Answer

Review the Literature


Article-1 Women in management

Full references- Davidson, M. J., & Burke, R. J. (2016). Women in management worldwide: Progress and prospects–An overview. Women in Management Worldwide (pp. 19-36). Gower.

Objective and research question

The main objective of this research is to evaluate and assess the pace of women in management. This research also evaluates how women are entering into the entrepreneurship and how they are dominating the management designations worldwide. The goal of this research is to identify the role of women in management and how well they are indulged in delivering the management efficient work in a small and big organization 

Research question 

What are the possible hurdles faced by women in their management program?

How well women perform well in management work skills as compared to men at the same designation? 

Method 

To complete this research, primary and secondary sources have been used to gather the required data. The journal articles, documents, books, and statistical data have been assessed to complete this research. However, most of the data gathered in this research are based on the secondary sources and less focused has been made on primary sources. In addition to this, there are several statistical analysis models and tables have been used to assess the broader lens to women's advancement. 

Finding and discussion 

With the changes in time, women are gaining momentum in the corporate world.  Now women are indulged in using their management skills to manage and operate the business in various sector. In the educational sector, Women are not only managing the operational work but also dominating men in the teaching designation in educational sectors. As found in the article given by Davidson, & Burke, (2016), women are more efficient in managing the complex situation and they are more professional in finding the solutions for the complex work activities. It is found that women are dominating the educational industry with their analytical and management skills. Despite the gender discrimination in various sectors, women are more into the education industry. They are playing a pivotal role as key managers, teachers, and lecturers and supporting management workers in the educational sector.  It is considered that women are facing the issues in the work-life balance due to their responsibilities towards home and operational work program. However, to boost the role of women in business entrepreneurship, and educational sector, the government are amending the policies and program. More business programs are being made friendlier to women students and business schools to include the diversity and gender issue as a set part of their curriculum activities. 

Conclusion

There is still an issue of the gender pay gap, career advancement, and set traditional bias issues. Therefore, it is required to adopt the new philosophy and breaking through the glass skills to empower women in management. 

How this given article will contribute to my essay

 This article will help me to understand the challenges in the workplace of the education industry. In the educational sector, women are doing way to better as compared to men and indulged in setting equal culture values.  

Article-2 Soft and hard management

Full references- Sousa, M. (2018). Entrepreneurship skills development in higher education courses for teams leaders. Administrative Sciences8(2), 18.

Objective and research question

The main objective of this research is to evaluate and assess the hard and soft management skills in entrepreneurs. The goal of this research is to identify the hard and soft management skills required by the entrepreneurs in the educational industry to lead their team. It is found that to operate the successful educational business in the industry, there is a need to adopt very soft and hard skills to manage the business complexities.  

Research question 

How soft and hard management skills assist enterprises in the educational industry to lead the team?

What leadership skills are required by the students to become successful entrepreneurs?

How well entrepreneurs perform well in management work program if they have good soft and hard management skills?

Method 

This research has been made by focusing on primary and secondary sources to gather the required data. The journal articles, documents, books, and statistical data, charts, tables, and business entrepreneur's books have been used to identify the importance of soft and hard management skills in the educational industry.  In addition to this, tables and graphical presentation have been used in this article to assess the gathered information and develop border viewpoints.  

Finding and discussion

It is found that the concept of the skills started to develop significantly in the educational industry due to the technological changes, economic factors, and advancement of the complexities in the work program. To manage the team in the educational sectors, entrepreneurs need to develop these two soft and hard skills. With the equilibrium of both skills, they could easily manage the complex work program and implement the strategic approach to operate their business program. The concept to the skills have been studied by several authors and it has been found that hard and soft skills both are perceived or implicated as a strategic management tool to cope up with the complex work program and develop strategies to lead the team toward the betterment of the set work program.  As found in the article given by Sousa, M. (2018), entrepreneurs and leaders are more efficient in managing the complex situation and they are more professional in finding the solutions for the complex work activities if they are occupied with the soft and hard skills.

Conclusion

 Leaders need to develop these two skills to navigate their team towards the accomplishing the set goals and finding solutions to the complex set of activities. It is analyzed that these both skills are required to strengthen their capacity for leadership and teamwork program. These skills help in managing and controlling the mechanism which formulates the strategic management for the business management strategies.  

How this given article will contribute to my essay 

This article will help me to understand the issue in the workforce in the educational industry. I found that the hard and soft skills both are required to integrate the work process to adapt to the ramified changes in the cultural and economic factors in the business world.  

Article-3 Workplace relations in the education industry 

Full references- Babalola, M. T., Stouten, J., Euwema, M. C., & Ovadje, F. (2018). The relation between ethical leadership and workplace conflicts: The mediating role of employee resolution efficacy. Journal of Manage Objective and research question

Research objective 

This research aims to evaluate workplace relations in the educational industry. The main objective of this research is to evaluate and assess the relationship of employees in their work program. This research reveals the key understanding of the conflicts and issues faced by employees in their employment in the educational industry.  The main objective of this research is to evaluate workplace relation in the education industry.  

Research question 

What is the relation between ethical leadership and workplace conflict? 

How workplace conflicts are mitigated in the organization?

What are the possible factors influencing workplace relation in business?

Method 

The data has been gathered from multiple sources such as sample survey, direct observation with employees and other secondary sources. The secondary sources include data gathered from journal articles, documents, books and statistical data and meeting books and minutes of big companies. These data have been used to evaluate the workplace conflict and possible issues which might be faced by employees in their work program.  

Finding and conclusion 

Workplace conflicts arise due to cultural differences, business complexities, and conflict in the leadership style. The workplace conflicts arise due to the interactive social process accompanied with the tensions among two or more employees based on the actual and perceived differences in idea, methods, and viewpoints. It is found that because of the divergent interests, values, belief, perception and set norms, employees face the issue of dissatisfaction and it hinders employees' wishes and desire to work in the team. This not only impacts the business process of the organization but also result in the high complication in the work process in inbound and outbound activities.  To manage workplace conflicts in the educational sectors, managers need to adopt an effective ethical leadership program. Leaders need to develop workplace cultural management program which will help employees to accomplish the set goals and finding solutions to the complex set of activities.  It is found that the leaders and management department of the organization needs to be more indulged in setting up an organizational culture where all employees should respect the integrity, values, and perceptions of other employees.  

Conclusion

The ethical leadership style would be the best option to set up standards work culture in an organization where one employee respect others. Ethical leaders through their professional and personal lifestyle, develop a vivid set of an example where employees are morally guided to refrain from interpersonally harmful culture and behavior.  

How this given article will contribute to my essay

This article helps me to understand workplace relationships and how this could be a challenging factor in the educational sector for its smooth functioning. It is found that if employees are bound to work under the set code of conducts and developed ethical organizational culture then they will tend to avoid these work conflicts in their process activities.

Article-4 SHRM n industrial relations

Full references- Gooderham, P. N., Mayrhofer, W., & Brewster, C. (2019). A framework for comparative institutional research on HRM. The International Journal of Human Resource Management30(1), 5-30

Research objective 

This research has the objective to evaluate the relationship between social human resources management and industrial relations. It provides the framework for the comparative institutional research on HRM which align its interest with the industrial relationship. The main objective of this research is to evaluate and assess the strategic management of social human resources management and how it impacts the industrial relations on the corporate level. The main objective of this research is to reveal that the impact of the social human resources management on the organization is low but the industrial relations has a wide impact on business growth.  

Research question 

How social human resources management and industrial relation are related to each other?

What is the impact of social human resources management and industrial relation on the business organization?

What are the possible factors influencing workplace relation in business?

Method 

To complete this research, primary and secondary sources have been used to gather the required data. The data has been gathered from multiple sources such as sample survey, business books other secondary sources. The secondary sources include data gathered from journal articles, documents, and statistical data. This article assesses and validate the framework in the strict and set predictive senses rather than concluding the empirical studies. The only barrier of this research method is related to its shortcoming of covering a substantial range of international industrial setting.  

Finding and conclusion 

This article has shown that the success of the organization is impacted by the several factors however, social human resources management is one of the factors which may impact the productivity, efficiency business outcomes and organizational culture. Nonetheless, it is analyzed that the industrial relation has a huge impact on business success. The industrial relation is based on the strategic alliance set by the organization. It is found that comparative contextual frameworks of SHRM set the subjects and limits within the distinctive level of the organizational set program which influence working activities of the group and individual in the organization. On the other hand, industrial relation impacts the business growth, sustainability and business external factors of the organization. The industrial relation impacts the broader level of the organization and also sets the different level of interplay in inbound and outbound activities. The impact of the SHRM on the organization is way too low as compared to the impact of the industrial relation company had in the industry. Therefore, it is found that leaders and entrepreneurs should be more inclined towards handling this industrial relation by setting up a strong strategic alliance with other organizations on the international level.  

Conclusion

After assessing the issue of the SHRM and given framework, it is found that organizations need to be more focused on implementing the strategic planning for the industrial relation. It helps organizations to compete with the external challenging factors and surviving in the long run.  

How this given article will contribute to my essay

This article reveals the key aspects of the SHRM which sets the subjects and limits within the distinctive level of the organizational set program which influence working activities of the group and individual in the organization. it will help to understand the imperative factors to consider for my essay.
Article-5 Human resources management and strategic organizational planning

Armstrong, M., & Brown, D. (2019). Strategic Human Resource Management: Back to the future?. 

Research objective 

The main objective of this research is to evaluate and assess the critical analysis of human resources management and strategic organizational planning in the business organization. The main objective of this research is to identify how human resources management and strategic organizational planning helps in accomplishing the set goals and objective of the educational industry. It is found that to manage the complex set of activities and strengthen the business outcomes, there is a need to align the HRM and strategic organizational planning with business growth.  

Research question 

What are the roles played by the HRM and strategic organizational planning in business?

How HRM and strategic organizational planning helps the company to align the interest of the employees with organizational growth? 

What are the factors influencing the implementation of the HRM and strategic organizational planning in business?

Method 

This research has been done by using primary and secondary sources for gathering data. To complete this research, multiple sources such as a sample, stratified survey, and other secondary sources have been used. This article assesses and validates the framework to set predictive senses for the empirical studies. 

Finding and conclusion 

Human resources management and strategic organizational planning both are imperative for business growth. It is found that to sustain the business in the long run, organizations need to set up standards organizational culture and values. The nature of the set link between HRM and strategic planning has been a central issue to the strategic HRM. However, most of the organizations have used these two approaches to create core competency in their business to compete with rivals in the market. It sets a distinct level of business approach which sets out a unique business approach in the market. The HRM and strategic organizational planning help the organization to strengthen the productivity, efficiency business outcomes and organizational culture. However, HRM and strategic organizational planning set the growth strategic program for the distinctive level of organizational which influence working activities of the group and individual in the organization. It now only align the interest of the employees with organizational growth but also break down the complex work activities to accomplish goals and objectives.  

Conclusion 

After assessing the article, it could be inferred that HRM and strategic organizational planning helps in accomplishing the set goals and objectives. It helps the company to set a structured program and mitigate the business organizational complex issues. Therefore, it could be inferred that HRM and strategic planning are the key pillars for organizational success. 

How this given article will contribute to my essay

This article helps me to understand the importance of the HRM and strategic organizational planning which will be useful to identify the key challenges in the workplace of the education sector. This article will be useful to broaden my knowledge regarding the HRM challenges in the organizational work program in the educational sector.  

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