Impact of Colonization of British in South Africa Assessment Answer
Ocheni & Nwankwo (2012) defined colonization as the process through which the primary system of power creates an impact on the surrounding area and its components. Colonization is the action performed a powerful group of individuals by settling in areas and developing control on the indigenous people of the area. The present essay would discuss the impact of colonization of British in South Africa and the impact created on their health and well-being.
Consequences of colonization
The colonialism in South Africa began in 1652 for developing the Cape for their selfish needs. The colonialism resulted in the domination of the African tribe, followed by their exploitation. British colonization also hampered the basic and social amenities for the indigenous African population, thereby creating an impact on the health of the ordinary people. Discrimination and exploitation resulted in the malnutrition of the people as they were denied basic amenities (Tilley, 2016). Colonialism resulted in overcrowding, slump environment, poor hygiene and spread of the epidemic diseases.
Bolt & Bezemer (2009) argued that investment in the health sector is one of the significant benefits of colonialism, which was found in Africa, Latin America and India. However, Ziltener & Künzler (2013) mentioned that health facilities developed during the British rule in South Africa mainly benefitted the colonialist. A large number of people were forced to work in mines with the improper working condition that killed several people due to exposure to harmful chemicals. The unhygienic condition led to the death of people through the spread of disease. Sexual harassment increased the vulnerability of women to HIV/AIDS (Coovadia et al. 2009). The improper sanitary condition and minimal health facilities created widespread misery in South Africa.
‘Colonial efforts to create export economies had similar adverse effects on Africans’ health. Whether people were enlisted in mining, infrastructure, or agricultural projects, they often had few occupational protections and succumbed to illnesses that resulted from their labours’ (Tilley, 2016).
British colonization hampered the health condition of the natives in South Africa. The colonial subjugation is considered to be the reason for the present dysfunctional health system and spread of the communicable and non-communicable disease.