Impact of Social Media on People
Role of Social Media
Today, with advent of new technologies, it is found that people are able to connect with each other in a better way. Further, people can even connect with each other despite the fact that they belong to different geographical locations. It is due to this reason that the role of social media is considered to be vital in today's era.
The social media platforms, tools, and techniques have not only changed the relationships between people but has also changed the attributes, aspects, behaviors, and conversational style among different people (Park et al., 2016). It is thereby important to determine the role of social media on the relationships between the people and how it is improving personal interactions among the people.
Earlier, there used to be geographical as well as psychological boundaries due to which it was difficult for the people to enter into the conversation (Park et al., 2016). however, with the advent of these tools and technologies, people have been able to overcome such barriers and have been able to focus on their relations as well as overall development in a given community.
This report will carry out annotated bibliography to carry out analysis of this issue by conducting meta-analysis of the previously researched articles in this direction. It will provide a better an overview of how language and communication style has changed with the introduction of social media in today's era.
Discussion - Annotated Bibliography
- Park, G., Yaden, D.B., Schwartz, H.A., Kern, M.L., Eichstaedt, J.C., Kosinski, M., Stillwell, D., Ungar, L.H., and Seligman, M.E., 2016. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook. PLoS ONE, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1-26.
- Newman, M.L., Groom, C.J., Handelman L.D., and Pennebaker, J.W., 2008. Gender differences in language use: An analysis of 14,000 text samples. Discourse Processes, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 211-236.
- Blei, D.M., Ng, A.Y., & Jordan, M.I., 2003. Latent Dirichlet Allocation. The Journal of Machine Learning Research, vol. 3, pp. 993-1022.
- Moss-Racusin, C.A., Dovidio, J.F., Brescoll, V.L., Graham, M.J., and Handelsman J., 2012. Science faculty’s subtle gender biases favor male students. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 109, no. 41, pp. 16474-16479.
In the first article, the focus of the article is not determining the vocabulary methods and the conversation style that has changed specifically for the women on the social media. The research included a survey of 52,000 Facebook users and determined how language differs among women in a given interactive environment. Also, the topics on which the discussions are carried out include - friends, family, social life, and certain personal aspects. On the other hand, there are no such interaction patterns found among the male users of the Facebook. As the methods deployed were appropriate, the results deduced concluded that the language used by the female users was more interpersonally warmer and more compassionate. It is important to note that with the introduction of such social media tools people have come closer and they are sharing their private talks and other such discussions openly on Facebook in the messenger or in any other private chat options. One can observe this change among the female users more compared to the male users.
- Kosinski, M., Matz, S.C., Gosling, S.D., and Popov V., & Stillwell, D. (2015). Facebook as a Research Tool for the Social Sciences: Opportunities, Challenges, Ethical Considerations, and Practical Guidelines. American Psychologist, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 543-556.
- Hewson, C. (2003). Conducting research on the Internet. The Psychologist, vol. 16, pp. 290-293.
- Johnson, J.A., 2004. The impact of item characteristics on item and scale validity. Multivariate Behavioral Research, vol. 39, pp. 273-302.
- Paulhus, D. L. and Vazire, S., 2007. The self-report method. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
In the second research, the researchers focused on the fact that Facebook is becoming a power research tool in the field of social sciences. Facebook comprises of a large and diversified pool of participants that can be recruited for online and offline studies. Also, it will facilitate for the data collection purpose wherein the researchers will be able to analyze the data, use the profiles of the users for demographic and other research studies, and even utilize the behaviors and interaction patterns of the users for social research purpose. From the methodological perspective, this research focused on the aspect of recruiting the users from Facebook for the purpose of conducting any social research. It has discussed about the approaches through which these users can be included for a given purpose. These techniques include - targeting the users through Facebook advertising, tracking participants across studies, collecting the data from the profiles, and collecting the data shared by the users on self-collective basis. However, the researchers also state that they need to adhere to the ethical considerations in a given research so that they do not breach any of the ethical guidelines in a given research environment.
- Blomfield-Neira, C.J. and Barber, B.L., 2014. Social networking site use: Linked to adolescents’ social self-concept, self-esteem, and depressed mood. Australian Journal of Psychology, vol. 66, pp. 56-64.
- Ward, C.C. and Tracey, T.J.G., 2004. Relation of shyness with aspects of online relationship involvement. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, vol. 21, pp. 611-623.
- Pempek, T.A., Yermolayeva, Y.A., and Calvert, S.L., 2009. College students’ social networking experiences on Facebook. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, vol. 30, pp. 227-238.
- Boyd, D.M. and Ellison, N.B., 2008. Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, vol. 13, pp. 210-230.
In the third research, the researchers have focused on the fact that the adolescents are spending more amount of time using social networking sites. As a result, they are suffering from different healthcare issues leading to lower self-esteem and also higher depressed mood. The research method included 34 diverse high school students across Western Australia for the purpose of survey and to generate desired results. The results concluded that the female adolescents were more affected compared to the male adolescents in a given research. The measuring tools used in this research included - SN frequency of SNS activities, and SNS investment tool. It is important to note that there are several negative consequences of utilizing social media platforms for longer time. It will not only disturb the concentration levels but will also effect on the mental health of the people. It is thereby advised to reduce the usage time for social media platforms such as Facebook and focus more on the daily routine activities in a given environment.
This report has carried out annotated bibliography to discuss the impact of social media on the people in a given community. Each of the articles have provided a different view and based on that important conclusions are carried out in each of the research. It is noticed that the social media tools can be used for the purpose of social science research (Kosinski et al., 2015).
On the other hand, it is also identified that increasing usage of social media affects mental health and causes depression (Blomfield-Neira & Barber, 2014). From the third aspect, it is noticed that social media has changed the communication and conversational style of the female users in a given community (Park et al., 2016). It is thereby important to use the tools and platforms of social media wisely and ensure to overcome the negative consequences of it in a given operating environment.