Impacts of Socio-Economic Factors on Child Sexual Abuse in India Assessment 2 Answer
Do socioeconomic factors lead to child sexual abuse in communities in India?
According to WHO, Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) can be defined as the involvement or initiation of a child in sexual activities that the children are unable to understand or provide consent as well as those for which the child is not developed or prepared to provide consent and violates the social construct or legal restrictions of the country (Choudhry et al. 2018). The prevalence of child sexual abuse in India and indeed all over the world has been rising at an alarming rate. Thus, the research into the factors of child sexual abuse is necessary for mitigation of the problem. This project aims to examine the impacts of socio-economic factors on child sexual abuse in India.
The questions of the research are as follows:
- What are the socio-economic factors in India?
- What are the factors of child sexual abuse in India?
- What are the impacts of socio-economic factors on child sexual abuse in India?
According to Choudhry et al. (2018), one of the main themes for the child sexual abuse is determined by the socio-economic model as well as the convergence of the multifaceted factors such as individual, community, family and societal factors. The common themes of the child sexual abuse in the country have also been described as an amalgamation of power differentials and patriarchal societal norms. Subramaniyan et al. (2017) have also described that in 2007 a study was conducted by the Ministry of Women and Child Welfare and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNCF), 53.22 % of the children have faced one or other form of sexual abuse in the country. It was also seen that 52.94 % among them were boys and 47.06 % were girls. Chandran, Bhargava, and Kishor (2018) have also stated that India is ranked 6th unsafe country for children which houses more than 40 % of the children from the world. It was also stated that 88.6 % of the boys were abused by their parents. A considerable 50.2 % of the children never reported the abuse to anyone. The most considerable risk for sexual abuse among the children was faced by the children of the street as well as educational institutes that reported to have the highest percentage of sexual assault.
The socio-economic factor that contributes to the sexual abuse among the children is highly due to the lack of education among the society. The lack of economic affluence among the population has also led to a taboo as well as the superstition and misled form of social prejudice and respect has led to a reportedly less reporting of the sexual abuse of children.
Contribution to Theory
The prevalence of sexual assault among the children of India has been predominantly folded under the rugs of peer pressure, social stigma and personal embarrassment. Delanthabettu et al. (2017) have stated that a meagre 7 % of the child sexual abuse in India is reported. This also shows that this research intends to develop on the literature preview of the menacing problems of the society and aims for the conclusive evidence that supports the contribution to the theory. The inconsistency of the argument is that although the child sexual abuse is nothing new and yet the research and knowledge about the sexual abuse of the children is stigmatized (Mary, 2019). The proposed research aims to address and fill the gap of the literature by conducting a further investigation of the child sexual abuse in India so that mitigation procedures can be applied in the future.
Contribution to Practice
The research would help to identify the socio-economic factors that may help for the reduction and mitigation principles to be applied. The recommendation for the practitioners and social workers of the field can also use this research as a significant determinant for child sexual abuse arguments (Chandran, Bhargava, and Kishor, 2018). This research would help to define and refine the scope of sexual abuse prevalence in the societies of India as well as the socio-economic factors that have contributed to the rise in the rates of child sexual abuse in India. The recommendations that can be made are the use of sex education as a compulsory subject would normalize the conditions of society. Any future implications of sexual abuse can be properly handled by the children themselves (Kumar, Bhagyalakshmi, and Foster, 2018).
It can be concluded from the above research that there is a huge percentage of unreported sexual abuse cases among the children of India and the intervention for mitigation as well for the research into the topic is required.