Irish Social Care Of Aged People: Home Instead Senior Care Group Assessment Answer

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Question :


LO1 Discuss the professionalization of social care work

LO2 Develop person centred care plans using a needs and rights perspective

LO3 Explain how theoretical frameworks inform social care practice

LO4 Understand how the Irish Legal System interplays with social care principles and practice



DOUBLE spacing, HEADINGS, warranted, 

Reference list included  

Reference list to reflect professional knowledge sources - academic text, research findings, 


Part 2: Planning care – 50%

Part 2: Planning care – 50% 2500/3000 words

DIVIDED into 3 submissions, it is recommended you complete each section as they are completed in class.

Discuss the benefit of rights-based, person-centred to a group of service users of your choice                                                                                  

Explain why a multi-disciplinary and interagency approach is useful to this service user group 

Discuss how three models of practice (problem-solving, empowerment and emancipation) can be used to increase service users ‘social capital’ and societal involvement for a service user group of your choice.

Assignment – Sections Breakdown

Introduction – outlining what you are going to cover choosing 1 social care group and give a rationale of why you have chosen this cohort

Main Body

Section 1: Discuss the benefit of rights-based, person-centred care to your chosen group – link to empirical evidence/theory/ studies/ personal experience as a SCW. 

Section 2: Explain why a multi-disciplinary and interagency approach is useful to this service user group - link to empirical evidence/theory/ studies/ personal experience as SCW

Section 3:  Discuss how three models of practice (problem-solving, empowerment and emancipation) can be used to increase service users ‘social capital’ and societal involvement for a service user group of your choice -– link to empirical evidence/theory/ studies/ personal experience as a SCW. 

Conclusion – summary of your findings

Bibliography & Referencing

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Answer :



The needs of people from the older section are perhaps sensitive and require absolute attention by the social care groups. Among all the requirements to sustain the social need is one of the vital needs for each of the age group, yet to the order adults the need multiplies in order to have a healthy life and engagement to the community. Perhaps the victims of discrimination are based on the ground of one's age, and thus an utter social case of the old age section of the community is of primary importance. 

In this report, Home Instead Senior Care group has been selected for the purpose to understand the efficiency of the social group and to analyze the possible ways to accelerate the social cause ( 2020). The Home Instead Senior care is a social and health care organisation located in Ireland and served the very need of older adults. Ranging from service to provide personal care, care to health needs and support, the organisation aims to accelerate the living experience of the senior citizens and the respective families of Ireland. This report is meant to check its cause suitability and to analyse the specific benefits can be realised applying definite legislative norms and theories. 

Section 1

Benefits to Home Instead senior care applying John ‘O Brien Theory 

John 'O Brien has developed approaches based on Person-centred planning, to serve the people in order to plan the way of living and supporting the same. The theoretical approaches developed by Brien thus operate to design for people having difficulties about learning and development. This theory is recently been realised to be suitable for all the disempowered section of the community, such as an older adult. The planning approach includes an association of all the related parties of the service receiver in order to facilitate the ability to participate in the community without feeling being neglected. In this approach of planning, the immediate family members of the family are regarded and the supporting partners to the planning programme (Dew and Dowse 2018). In the context of Home Instead Senior care, following are the ways of benefits: 

  • The application of the approach leads to developing the social abilities of the older people seeking for the organisational services (Potaka-Osborne and Gifford 2018).
  • The approach is an ideal medium to develop a relationship among all this is a scope to make the older adults being accepted in the family and community (Dew and Dowse 2018).
  • The approach enhances to accelerate the efficiency of older adults to share familiar places; thus, the sense of self-efficiency has been instilled (Potaka-Osborne and Gifford 2018).
  • The application of John 'O Brien theory to person-centred planning will enable the aged section of the society to be respected in the community thus supporting the self-esteem, minimising chances of mental breakdown and depression among older adults due to social isolation (Dew and Dowse 2018).

Right based approach and its benefits 

The right-based method in the context of services has been provided to the old age section of the Irish community; the purpose is to recognise the rights of the group and protecting the same. Right based approach primarily focuses on safeguarding and spreading awareness on the rights of all the human being. The primary consideration of right based approach is to ensure societal participation, non-discrimination, guaranteeing transparency in relationships, protecting the dignity of the service takers, providing access to quality health care services, empowering the social group been selected to provide assistance and others (Ellis et al. 2017). The approach is in the broader note is to abide by the regulatory frameworks and the application benefits to the chosen group are as follows:

  • Initiation of right based approach by Home Instead Senior Care will ensure that the support services are provided with equal effort to the entire service seeker ( 2020).
  • The range of services been provided will contain a non-discriminatory approach in terms of behaviour, service cost and efforts respectively (Cutting et al. 2017).
  • The organisation will provide for best support to the older section of the community by improving the relationships at home and society, leading to a transparent status, respectively (Ellis et al. 2017).
  • The right-based approach also considers over access and acceptance of all to the services of health care and thus benefiting the social cause of the organisation to serve the health need of the chosen group without any marginalisation, therefore (Cutting et al. 2017).

National legislation and Standard HIQA

Health information and quality authority is an autonomous unit that is primarily established for severe the health and social needs of the people of Ireland. The objective of this independent body is the set up legislative norms and standard applicable throughout the nation in order to support the needy people respectively ( 2017). 

Objectives of HIQA

Figure 1: Objectives of HIQA

(Source: 2017)

In regard to the services to the older person, the legislative body is accountable to render assistance and support in order to endure the quality living of the people. The approach of the organisation is people centred and thus is revolving around satisfying and protection of the rights and needs of each of the older adult of the state ( 2017)

Application benefits 

  • The legislative body enables the social care group to advertise and work for the human rights of the older adults thus the chosen group will gain a sense of self-worth
  • The old section of the society is benefitted by scopes to improved health and customised care strictly based on one’s requirement ( 2017).
  • The chosen group is enabled to communicate and collaborate with the society and leading to engagement and improvement to in human chain.
  • The older adult receiving residential services are regulated under the health act 2007, monitors the live and health of the people in order to meet national benchmarks.
  • The legislative body provides for the protection of finance and property of the service group ( 2017).

UN convention on the right of people with disabilities 2006 

The convention to the protection of the rights of people with disability was conducted by a temporary committee and been established by the general assembly of the United Nations in 2001. With the necessary amendment to the approaches, the convention was revised in 2006 December 13 ( 2020).  The objective of this approach is to provide for measures to ensure the protection of the human rights of all the disabled people throughout the state. The convention seeks for a holistic approach to in the segment of social works been conducted respectively ( 2020). Following are the application benefits of the verdicts of the agreement to the selected chosen group:

  • The old-age section of the Irish society recognised to have a disability of any type will be thus protected from the casualties of marginalisation or discrimination (May-Simera 2018).
  • The convention protects the rights of social needs and thus necessitated the social group to ensure the extent of one’s acceptance in the family and society
  • An older adult having a disability is ensured by the state to have realised the fundamental liberty and equality thus ( 2020).
  • The convention provides for legal norms and proceedings to be taken by the state in case of casualty been noticed as to downgrade the rights and status of an older adult with a disability (May-Simera 2018).

Section 2

A multidisciplinary approach to social service to older adults 

In the context of care for older adults of Ireland, the approach of service provider belonging from multidiscipline skill and knowledge background is more effective in caregiving. A multidisciplinary approach can be understood as a combined approach of the organisation's staff and other associated members trained with a diverse range of skills and knowledge and is capable of meeting the need of older adults (Burnes 2017). The parties associated with include society members, family and organisations in operation to support the need of senior people respectively. The right approach is in absolute requirement of a cooperative and organised workforce, thoroughly trained to deal with the complex need of the chosen social group (Hurria 2014). The usefulness of the multidisciplinary approach to the use of social care platform is as follows:

  • An interdisciplinary approach to social caregiving involves training and developing the associated workforce of a social care platform. Thus, the trained staffs from the multidisciplinary background are well efficient to adjust with the diversity of users (Burnes 2017)
  • A social service is a cooperative approach such that a user is in exposure to an entire organisation. A multidisciplinary approach is useful in providing a sense of acceptance to the core to the user while seeking for social support respectively (Burnes 2017).
  • Regarding assistance to health care, the user is benefitted as such; the approach provides for comprehensive care. The approach calls for absolute tie-up among the health care professionals, and thus the user received organised and fast services (Hurria 2014).

Interagency Approach to Senior Care

The interagency approach can be understood as the collaboration of all the associated stakes of an organisation developing protocols to safeguard the real interest of the aged people. Interagency seeks to create an active connection in between the organisations such as with administrative bodies, legal units, community and others with the purpose of collaborative development and support to the aged group of the state.  The collaboration of the agencies is not only on the communication platform but also to accelerate the quality of service being provided and the structure of the system (Henderson et al. 2019). The need for developing an interagency approach is majorly to protect the chosen group for all form of abuse, humiliation and marginalisation to the provided rights. The usefulness of the selected section of the society in respect of interagency approach is as follows:

  • The collaboration among diversified service providing agencies along with the organisation operating to provide immediate service to the aged people leads to fast assistance and support, such as immediate health assistance ( 2019).
  • The right approach seeks to protect the aged people form of abuse or humiliation such as legal assistance to protect the rights on demand, respectively (Henderson et al. 2019).
  • Supporting the aged group of the society is a complex task and organisations also requires for support. Thus, the responsibility of the older adults of the Irish community is being shared among the organisation leading to prompt and smooth functioning ( 2019).
  • Section 3

Buckley's Assessment framework to problem solving 

In order to solve the problems of the aged person and enhance the social capital along with increased involvement following are the assessment tools given by H. Buckley, respectively:

The three coexisting activities 

Engaging- The assessment of the participation of the aged people requires the engagement of the service staff to the associated parties to the user. This engagement involves understanding the need and concern of the user and approaching to solve the same (Munroe et al. 2016).

Safeguarding – In order to minimise potential vulnerability, the service provider follows up with continuous monitoring of the user in order to provide absolute safety from any form of harm.  

Collaborating- Collaboration refers to the association of staff of the organisation having multidisciplinary strategy along with the parties of the user side. This stage is essential to collaboratively increase the social capital of the user using norms like acceptance, equality and others (Munroe et al. 2016).

Five inclusive steps 

Responding- Recording the details from the user's side in receptive concerns, returning to the status of the user based on its extent of sensitivity, engaging the user and the family to the process of increasing social engagement respectively (Hyland et al. 2018).

Protecting- This stage of assessment is necessary to ensure the user on protection from any kind of abuse, bullying, the humiliation of all form, thus an attempt to render safety to the user. One safe environment has been developed; therefore, the engagement extent is to be assessed.

Devising- Devising is a process of developing the necessary steps for planning the assessment and thus mandatorily requires the involvement of multidisciplinary meeting, therefore inclusive concerns can be undertaken to solve (Munroe et al. 2016).

Gathering and Reflecting – Gathering and reflecting on the collected data and information is the fourth step to check the user's status about activeness and engagement. This stage ensures the need for the User being met appropriately or not (Hyland et al. 2018).

Sharing, analysing and planning – In this stage, the information gathered by the staff has been shared and analysed along with the user and respective family in order to develop an intervention strategy.

The Empowerment model 

This model is related to the theory of empowerment that seeks to empower the isolated and neglected group of a community in order to uplift the social status of such a group. In the context of aged people, the aspect of empowerment is vitally essential to boost the social capital and engagement of the same. To provide empowerment to older adults, it is necessary to understand the respective barriers in the same. A significant issue to older adults is hesitation to participation or perhaps fear. Furthermore, lacking collaboration scopes, knowledge is also responsible for causing a lack of empowerment (Moran, Gibbs and Mernin 2017).

To provide social capital and engagement, it is necessary thus that the selected group is supplied with a societal platform to collaborate with. Approach to inclusive opportunity will eliminate the fear of incapability or of inferiority complex. The users require support, unlimited opportunities and training, thus in order to be empowered. The social service providing organisation is therefore needed to act as helping hand primarily in order to provide support and motivation along necessary training to realise one's wish (Moran Gibbs and Mernin 2017).

The Empowerment Model

Figure 2: The Empowerment Model 

(Moran, Gibbs and Mernin 2017)

Critical realist approach 

Emancipation can be described as enfranchisement or liberty from all kind of bondage hampering the very human rights of aged people. This included marginalisation, lack of opportunity and training and another common form of humiliation. In the context of the emancipation of aged providing social capital and societal engagement, the critical realist approach is useful to the very cause (Bygstad Munkvold and Volkoff 2016).  

The critical approach is a strategy that majorly observes on the aspect of equality and inequality. The procedure is meant to resolve the grounds of differences, thus to implement equality of all the aged people. The scope of equal opportunity brings up with significant options to the aged used to involve in thus elevating the dimension of social capital. Realism, on the other hand, refers with identification of actions that exists in the current period. Non –existing ideologies are thus regarded to be unreal by this approach (Hadley and McDonald 2019)

Critical Realist Approach model

Figure 3: Critical Realist Approach model 

(Hadley and McDonald 2019)

Combination of the critical aspect to that of realist approach is meant to identify the real issues behind aged people. In addition is also recognises the causes of inequality thus strives to eliminate the same such as identification of discriminatory environment within the family, zero access to social platforms by the aged and others. Therefore, the identification of the current issues to marginalisation and resolving the same bring societal engagement by the aged along with increasing the social capital, respectively (Bygstad Munkvold and Volkoff 2016).


The effort initiated by Home Instead Social Care is one of the valuable measures to ensure the protection of the needs of the aged people. The analysis of the various norms mentioned in this report thus concludes the significance of each of the parameter is essential to maintain the healthy status of the chosen social group. The legislative standards of HIQA and the conventions of the United Nations is the firm foundation protecting the major rights of aged people, thus saving the group from all form of humiliation at any platform of the society.

The theories have been applied to the given case, thus ensures the very effective of the same in improving the usefulness of aged people in term of societal benefits. Application of the mentioned approached by the service providing agency will not only benefit all the needs of the older adults but will also develop a sense of empowerment, confidence and zeal to seek scope by participating in the same respect.