Assignment - Pajama Land
For this individual assignment, you will use skills acquired through practical laboratory exercises to automate a business process, and to visualize the impact of the automation.
You should use Microsoft Excel (or equivalent open-source software) for this assessment task.
Important: This assignment speciﬁcation is generated just for you. Do not distribute this speciﬁcation. If your personal speciﬁcation is made publicly available online, academic misconduct charges may be applied.
Timelines and Expectations
Percentage value of task: 20%
Due: Refer to Course Description
Learning Outcomes Assessed
The following course learning outcomes are assessed by completing this assessment:
A1. Prepare a basic solution to a business problem;
A2. Select appropriate IT solutions for business functions;
A3. Apply business information software for data visualization and analysis purposes.
S1. Write basic programming logic;
S3. Interpret and construct representations of business data ﬂow and processes;
K8. Outline the basic principles of programming.
For this assignment, you will complete the following set of tasks using Excel, and create a report to describe your work.
Ensure you submit Excel ﬁles created for ALL tasks, along with your report.
Pajama Land is a small clothing manufacturer, specializing in creating custom, one-of-a-kind pajamas. They exclusively sell their product through their online store.
Pajama Land is run by a team of three staﬀ members: Allen, Bakari, and Caesar.
Allen and Bakari work together to manufacture pajamas. Caesar manages orders, sales and delivery.
Most of the time, team members work the following shifts: Allen works 6.5 hours on Mondays, Tuesdays;
Bakari works 6.5 hours on Wednesdays, Thursdays and Fridays; and
Caesar works 2.5 hours every weekday.
Additionally, Allen and Caesar share responsibility for managing the Pajama Land social media presence, with Allen working one extra hour in the evenings on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, and Caesar doing the same on Thursday, Friday and Saturday.
Allen and Bakari, as skilled manufacturing staﬀ, cost $24 per hour to employ. Caesar, a part-time employee, costs $32 per hour to employ.
All staﬀ are also entitled to four weeks of paid annual leave, during which a casual replacement is required at a cost of $36 per hour.
Fixed costs such as rent and insurance are $18000 per year, and utilities costs are $460 per month.
Task 1 - Costs of operating the business
Using Excel, create a spreadsheet called operating_costs.xlsx that calculates the projected annual outgoing costs of running Pajama Land.
Your spreadsheet should be conﬁgured such that the working hours, hourly rates, and ﬁxed and utility costs can be varied easily.
Document your ﬁndings in your report (approximately 100 words).
Pajama Land receive requests through their online store, and Caesar responds with a quote, after consulting with a member of the manufacturing team. If the customer conﬁrms their order, Allen and Bakari manufacture the ordered products, and Caesar organizes delivery.
Currently, the process for generating a quote is entirely subjective, based on the requested material and pajama size. Staﬀ members quote an amount based on their personal experience.
For several months, staﬀ have been keeping track of the quote date, material, size, quote amount, and manufacturing cost for each order in a spreadsheet. As each product is hand-made, the manufacturing cost may vary between similar orders.
If a quote was not accepted by the customer, then manufacturing cost is not included. This spreadsheet is available for download on Moodle.
Using Excel, process the history of orders spreadsheet and use appropriate charts to visualize: How some aspect of quoting or manufacturing has changed over time; and
How the quote amount diﬀered for each staﬀ member.
You will need to ﬁnd a way to use Excel to associate each quote with a staﬀ member. Describe your approach and your ﬁndings in your report (approximately 250-400 words).
Task 3 - Price consistency
Using Excel, analyse the historical data you have available, and create a spreadsheet that allows a member of the Pajama Land team to enter the pajama material and size, and gives a quote amount.
Ensure that you include enough text and formatting to make your spreadsheet usable by a member of the Pajama Land team (or by a University lecturer).
You may base your quote amount either on historical averages, or to ensure that Pajama Land makes a proﬁt.
Validate your quoting approach by applying your formula to historical data.
Justify your approach in your report (approximately 150 words).
The team want to improve their quoting process to reduce time spent waiting for customers to approve quotes.
They would like to start manufacturing immediately for orders that they might be able to sell in future, even if the customer does not go ahead with the order.
That is, they would like to change to the processes indicated in the following swimlane diagrams:
Extend your spreadsheet page from task 3 to automate the above processes, allowing a member of the team to enter the pajama material and size, and in addition to the quote amount indicate whether to start manufacturing immediately.
It is up to you do determine how to determine which items are popular. Justify your approach in your report (approximately 150 words).
Bonus challenge task (optional!)
Disclaimer: This task is 100% optional, and you can receive full marks without attempting or completing it. It is intended to be a challenge if you are interested in such things, and the marks available do not reﬂect the signiﬁcant research and eﬀort required to implement it correctly. Tutors will not provide signiﬁcant assistance for this challenge task.
Optional task 5
Write a brief overview of how to run your solution, and attach a zip ﬁle containing your code submission.
There are no partial marks awarded for this bonus task - you must complete all features to attain the bonus marks.
It is possible to attain full marks for this assignment without completing this challenge task
Understanding the Digital Revolution
Pajama Land is a small clothing manufacturer. It specializes in custom made pajamas which are unique and one of its kind. The product is sold exclusively though online store. It is run by three members who divide the work amongst them. The financial data of past is evaluated using Excel software and its advanced function to analyze and calculate the cost of the operations to the company. The historical data is also analyzed to provide management related information to the businesslike the changes in the pricing of the products, varying quoted amounts, etc.