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Journals on New Zealand Education: Review and Analysis

We asked to review 4 education reading, two reading must be about Maori and New Zealand education and the another two reading about any education around the world. we should writ for each reading 300 words and our conclusion around 300 words, the conclusion should be for all of them like our reflect.

It should be in APA reference and the reference not countable which mean they are not include in the 100 words its due in 5 days

Annotated bibliography of literature on critical questions in education 1, 2, 3

Annotated bibliography of literature on critical questions in education
Method: By reading and summarising four course readings (at least two of which are focused on Aotearoa New Zealand), students prepare an annotated bibliography, plus a reflective statement.
Instructions:
Choose four of the required readings. One of these may be a video or similar if you wish.
· At least two of these will relate specifically to Aotearoa New Zealand.
· For each reading, draw out key points and write a precis summarising the overallfocus 
approximately 300 words for each reading. Prepare an annotated bibliography
· Present your precis and key points in the style of an annotated bibliography (how to do this will be covered in class)
Write a short personal reflection (300 words), which includes answers to these questions:
· Why did you choose the readings you did?
· Have these readings affected your understanding of education? If so, how has your thinking changed?
· What are the main questions which interest you around the topic of education? Submit to Turnitin
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Answer

Summarising Journals on New Zealand Education: Review and Analysis


1. Journal Article 1

Lee-Morgan, J., Courtney, M., & Muller, M. (2019). New Zealand Māori-medium teacher education: an examination of students’ academic confidence and preparedness. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education47(2), 137-151. 

The education of NZ has transformed a lot in the 20th century with an inclusive education system and a strong presence of women and ethnic minorities. The use of technology like presentations, high end laboratories and quality faculty has helped the country develop their curriculum in the long run. The changing curriculum has helped the students gather knowledge about the society and the historical importance of the country in terms geo-political issues. Education boards took part in the reformation process and helped both the Maori tribes as well as the urban centres in building a comprehensive curriculum which has benefitted millions of students. As per Picot report, the education system of NZ has been made public with the government taking active part in including students from socio-economic backgrounds. Any form of discrimination on the basis of colour, race and ethnicity has been made illegal and it has contributed vastly to the growth of the academic credentials of both the schools and colleges.

The Maoris have become a regular part of the NZ curriculum and it has proved to be a blessing for the governments as a large number of tribal communities have performed exceptionally well both in academics as well as sports activities. The diversity has helped them scale new heights as the country has successfully managed to end the white-black conflict which has been a major problem for the large part of their country and narrative. In addition to that NZ have continuously taken an anti-nuclear stance which has minimised their budget on defence expenditures leading to greater investment in the education sector. The growing number of schools in the suburbs as well as the urban centres is an indication of the outstanding literacy rate the country has achieved in the modern era. This is quite a big achievement for the NZ education system.

1.1: Journal Article 2 

Hemara, W. (2000). Maori Pedagogies: A View from the Literature. New Zealand Council for Educational Research, Education House, PO Box 3237, Wellington, New Zealand.

The inclusion of Maoris has changed the landscape of the NZ education. Most of them have faced discrimination, violence and poverty in the early stages of life. This has resulted in lot of difficulties in learning and social behaviour pattern was observed to be slightly awkward. The schools in NZ have taken several steps to bridge this gap. This includes joint project work among the students, sports activities, discussion and learning their traditional languages which makes it a conducive environment to study. The schools have helps in building community networks, reciprocal relations and cultural exchanges. There have been several scholarship schemes which enables them to study free of cost. The number of students dropping out of schools has also been reduced through social welfare measures.

In the urban centres several conferences, lectures, discussions of Maori literature has made people aware of the traditional etiquettes which is followed by the Maori community. Traditionally the community was so underdeveloped especially in the 17th and 18th century that selling off their child was a very common practice. The community use to play games as a tool of education and learning which helped them grow extremely faster compared to other communities in NZ. The “whare wananga” which was a traditional house of learning helped the maori tribes to improve their knowledge about history, geography, science and liberal arts. The article also clearly says that development of this tribe not only improved the rural development but made them self sufficient in the art of defence, sports and were extremely god at academics as long as it was taught in their language. Moreover Maoris practiced a lot of superstitious activities and made it sure that the spirit of the children can never be broken. The passage ends with their cultural etiquettes that have improved the societal acceptability in the NZ academic system. 

1.1: Journal Article 3

Barrow, R. (2012). Plato and Education (RLE Edu K). Routledge

Plato, a renowned Greek philosopher was of the opinion that education helps in impoving the political discourse of a nation. He felt that quality of leadership of a country, GDP growth rate and long-term social upheaval is only possible through a continuous knowledge seeking process. In other words, Plato always stressed on a mixed academic approach where there will be a genuinely good combination of qualitative and quantitative subjects which will build a comprehensive level of knowledge for students and teachers. The process of learning is a life long process and human beings he observed are a product of social upbringing and gaining knowledge from experience. The cases of policy failure in a country are a result of lack of discipline education and foresight. He also said that for a sustainable growth and development of a country it is extremely important that the quality of education improves to a large extent which has been followed by the western community. 

As NZ is a developed country so the level of education is extremely high with a large percentage of leaders and citizens have studied till graduation and post-graduation. So the progress of the country has taken off in great speed which justified Plato’s idea of leadership improvement through education. Plato has also felt that the social and political environment in a country is a direct result of the academic knowledge that the majority of people have in that area. It has been proved beyond doubt that the problem with emerging markets and other least developed countries comes from the fact that the high level of corruption among its leaders is a result of lack of education. So the focus of Plato has been accurate as most other scholars like Aristotle, max Weber and others have also felt the same kind of importance. 


1.1: Journal Article 4

Petrie, K., & Clarkin-Phillips, J. (2018). ‘Physical education’in early childhood education: Implications for primary school curricula. European Physical Education Review24(4), 503-519.

The article focuses on the importance of involving physical education in mainstream curriculum in NZ. Basically the problem is that most parents focus on academic learning so much that they often avoid importance of sports, in the curriculum f the NZ education system. Generally it has been found that the growth of children from an early ag depends on the overall development which includes extracurricular activities like sports, music, debates etc. So physical education like exercise, yoga, sports helps children to remain stress free and is able to withstand pressure in the long term. This is because sports match makes a person decide strategy to defeat the opponent and collaborate with other individuals which improves team-work, tenacity and aggressiveness.  

Physical education in school curriculum has helped NZ students develop an aptitude for problem solving and dealing with sudden tests without getting into confusion. Leading a school team has been found to increase student confidence by a massive level and it benefits every individual in the long term. The health of the students also has been found to improve a lot through physical activities. Mostly students with a weak physique get a lot of confidence to work upon their muscles and prepare themselves for larger events. Keeping all these issues in mind most schools in NZ have started off the physical education. The increasing trend of discipline, focus, time management and dealing with people among the students have encouraged this initiative across the globe. Furthermore it has become an essential part of academics as too much of pressure in studies tires them off, sporting activities heals it and relaxes the mind which improves the memory and reasoning power. These are the main reasons why why this has been started off in most schools across NZ and the world.  

Conclusion: Reflection of the Journals and Analysis

The readings interested me because I wanted to know how the education system of a country can transform the society. NZ being a developed country which has set an example in terms of development needs to be judged through the prism of comprehensive academic pursuits which the country has taken in the last hundred years. The high quality education in NZ helped them built successful leaders, scientists, academician and experts of different professions. These readings have helped me to gather an in-depth knowledge about the significance of an inclusive education system and the ways through which it can deliver results in the long run. Maori, which is a prominent tribe in NZ has also been an important focus of my research. The research assessed on the different ways through which the advent of Maori literature was encouraged in the academic curriculum of NZ. Their heritage, culture, linguistic uniqueness and customs were studied in great details. It helped me to realise that even backward and marginalized community can be successfully brought inside the mainstream culture without having to forego their ideologies or philosophies. Traditional ideologues like Plato and his ideas of education were also deeply researched and the questions which made me interested in this include;

How does education contribute to social development?

How well have Maori community being able to adjust into the mainstream society in NZ?

What are the ways through which physical education and other extracurricular activities broaden the qualities of a student?

These questions brought me to the academic credentials of NZ education system and have helped me to understand that the socio-political discourse of a country can be heavily influenced by quality education. Furthermore inclusive nature of academic curriculum helps individuals to grow and be able to adjust with people from different ethnic backgrounds. Overall t can be said that this research has helped me to link quality education with the overall development of a country’s society, politics and economic growth. 

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