Manage Knowledge and Information
Assignment 1: Written Report
A business has to follow certain criteria and strategies that fulfills majority of the functions of the organisation. The current report of investigation is based on a business that deals with the new planning for a new venture of CoffeeVille. The organisation is won by Rufus Belacastran and Emma who are likely to expand their business into the venture of meal delivery and he take home venture. Therefore, the organisation requires a proper report that investigates different business functions of the organization. Hence, the report has been produced in close competence of the organisation CoffeeVille. The business systems are discussed along with finding of the appropriate business system for the new venture of CoffeeVille. The organisation business makers will also be discussed with, which is again dependent on the information system of the organisation.
Types of systems that sought to be appropriate for the business strategies
Each business is comprised of a system that defines the organisational information system. Besides describing the information system of the organisation, the business system can also be contributed to improvement of the efficiency of the organisation as well as its effectiveness in the market. There are a number of business ystem that are into use in the organisation, but only one of them is used by an organisation.
The variety of business systems
Decision support system: Such a system, also known as executive system is associated with involvement of the higher management system of the company or the executives in making of business decisions for long term business conduction (Demirkan & Delen, 2013). Such kind of system is flexible and does not interferes daily functioning of the business but stresses on the ultimate business outcomes.
Management information system: Here the custom is to involve the middle management system and hge lower management system. Hence, it looks forward to the empowering of the
middle and lower management of the organisation. The facilities as provided by following of such as system are the gathering of information that are relevant for the organisation (Zsambok, 2014).
Knowledge information system: Such a system is included in an organisation that allows easier creation and dissemination of the relative information. The system is largely based on the employees who are related to creation of new knowledge and has gained expertise in sharing the same with other employees in the organisation or the colleagues (Bonczek, Holsapple & Whinston, 2014). Therefore, adequate classification of knowledge in the organisation and proper distribution of the same is facilitated in the organisation.
Transaction processing system: As suggested by the name of the system, it facilitates a routined system of information transaction process. However, a company usually deals with a number of transaction system including the billing and the accounting system (Sauter, 2014). A day to day transactional facilities helps in improving the quality of the employee performance and thus increase in the productivity is resulted.
In the context of the current functioning of the organisation CoffeeVille the system that is best suited for the same is knowledge management system and management information system. The organisation is developed on the norms of business that now focuses on a new venture that is meal delivery. Here, the delivery system of the organisation demands to involve the lower management as well as the employees such as delivery persons directly in the day to day organisational functioning (Laudon & Laudon, 2016). Therefore, it is important that the power of decision making is partially left on the members that are working in the executive posts of the organisation. CoffeeVille also strives to introduce a system that is in compliance to the take-home services of the organisation. In order to fulfil this purpose the organisation will have to introduce a system that would require building of outlets with an additional functioning. Therefore, the duties of customer handling and packing of the ordered material would require engagement of the lower level employees of the organisation. Hence, knowledge management system is to be pondered over so that flow of work is maintained without waiting for the decisions of the core committee of the organisation along with following of certain guidelines.
Showing the features and benefits of two types of management systems
Among the different management or business systems a business should be acquainted with one system that would facilitate the functioning of the organisation. Therefore, two systems will be described in this part that is linked with the functioning of the considered organisation CoffeeVille.
Management information system
There are a number of implications of the system where the middle as well as the lower management is supported. The functioning within the management information system enables the lower management people to make decisions in the organisation so that there is greater relevance of the decisions to the practical situations evolving during the course of functioning in the daily business occurrence. As the members in the functional committee is in direct interaction with the middle management section of the organisation, the executive members of the company will be privileged with direct communication about the shortcomings they are facing during their functioning (Al-Mamary, Shamsuddin & Abdul Hamid, 2014). On the other hand, there is also evidences of increasing efficiency of the lower level managers along with enhancement of the effectiveness of their decisions in the organisational functioning. The managers are also found to be growing efficient in providing quick solution to the queries raised by the executive members as they emerge in due course of dealing with the customers and the orders.
Knowledge management system
The knowledgement system is the one that is built for complete empowerment of the lower level employees or the executive members of an organisation. In this section of functioning, the knowledge or the information is created by and among the employees. This is usually followed by quick dissipation of the information of the knowledge of the employees. Therefore, the communication among the colleagues are also facilitated due to effective responses as well as improved relationship between them. Besides, there is another significance of the system that it facilitates creating expertise in the organisation (Galliers & Leidner, 2014). Innovations are also facilitated in such instances making the organisation updated in the market situations. Furthermore, new functionality is also produced among the employees who tries to produce new ways of knowledge management by including the improvement of ways of communicating information from one department to another. A support of the new technology might be able to make the functioning modernized and efficient that would outstand in the industrial market.
Implementation of such a system in the organisation has been found to have facilitating the classification of the knowledge. Hence, engagement of the expertised employees in course of time is induced in the organisation. Thus, intranets are set in the organisation which furthermore facilitates the knowledge distribution in the organisation.
Optimization of the efficiency of the system in the business along with the quality of information
An organisation strives to provide optimisation of the efficiency of the organisational systems. Therefore, in order to maintain such a stature there is a need to make the functioning based on the lower level managers in the organisation. The lower level managers are the ones that are in direct contact with the employees as well as the core committee of the organisation. Therefore, in order to provide a functional flow in the core section of the organisation, knowledge based operation is to be integrated in the organisation (Hsu et al. 2014). Furthermore, decision making ability of the organisational members like employees or the executive members should be empowered in the process of functioning. This adds to the facilities of the organisation through producing direct communication among the employees. It has been found in many of the cases where the organisation has integrated main functioning in the lower level management stages that a better relationship is maintained in the organisational sector. This thus helps in developing well communicated and effective functioning in the organisation. The organisational benefits have a direct relationship with the effectivity of functioning. Therefore, enhanced profit making is facilitated in the organisation.
Innovation is always welcomed in an organisation as it provides an opportunity to the company to remain updated in the market scenario. The market structure of an organization allows the organisation to evolve their functioning through incorporation of new technologies as well as new operating systems (Kim, 2015). Needs arise from the requirement which the organisation fails to integrate in its existing working system. Hence, the need to communicate among the peers or the colleagues steps up the services lining it up to new methods of information transfer and generation.
Listing the types of information that the company requires along with all its stature
Functioning of a company is based on collection and generation of information within the organisation so that it is possible for the organisation to produce different functional points in the organisation. This part of the report is involved in recognizing different types of information that is attached to the organisational functioning.
Business is usually based on the types of information that is attached to the functions of different departments of the organisation, for example, senior managers require information that will facilitate the business planning at different stature. On the other hand, middle management of the organisation need detailed information that helps them to monitor or control the business activities from various aspects. Employees in an organisation must be provided with the information from the internal management of the company to allow them to carry out their functions. Therefore, the information that is provided to the higher and middle level managers are mainly sourced from the external environment. Therefore, such systems of information can be classified in two to three forms.
Executive support system (ESS)
The ESS has been designed to bring help to the senior executive members of the company. The senior management uses such information to make decisions in the organisation that would enhance the strategic movement of the company (Peppard & Ward, 2016). This kind of modelling system involves usage of a number of tools such as data analysis or tools for modelling. The data should be provided or reached to the senior management without any delay in the functioning. It is only helpful for a company when the information reaches with the scope of producing the strategies and implementing them on time.
Management information system (MIS)
MIS is primarily concerned with the sources of information that is originated from the internal sources. These are mainly the information regarding the functioning of the workers where they are mainly instructed to produce functioning based on the same. Such information is originated as an outcome of the executive support system. The information is provided to the workers functioning under the lower level managers (Peltier, 2016). The source of the MIS is therefore from the transactional processes systems. Thus, this can be considered as a cyclic process where the information in originated, processed, solution is sought following its dissipation to the targeted section of the organisation.
Office automation systems
Office automation system is one that has been created for facilitating the improvement in the organisational productivity. The organisational productivity is directly linked to the efficiency of functioning of the employees. The controlling and monitoring power of the managers are also considered as an aspect under the functioning of the organisation. It is the function of a department to receive and process the data or the information that is presented for the employees or the workers as the target audiences (Hashizume, Rosado, Fernández-Medina & Fernandez, 2013).
Describing the updating system of database information
It is always important for the organisation to function within an updated system. Therefore, the updated system is to hailed by the organisation so that there is proper utilisation of the same by the executive as well as the senior managers of the organisation. Therefore, in order to facilitate such a system an organisation may either update the existing information system or also may replace the system completely to set up a new process of functioning.
The present database format of the CoffeeVille is completely manual where manual orders are accepted. Besides, the execution of the orders are based on the manual systems. Furthermore, the system is also being updated by workers and the system is manual. However, the new inclusion of the take home and the meal delivery services in the organisation demands a large functional area where the organisation is expecting to receive databased information from the customers. Thereafter, the information will be accessed from the acquired databases and interpreted through updated database functioning system (Kim, 2015). Therefore, the functional system is intended to be fully controlled by the computerised systems.
On the other hand, the record keeping is another important stature of functioning of the organisation CoffeeVille. The preliminary functioning of record keeping was primarily based on the manual record keeping. It included registering of the orders that is the information from the external sources used to encrypted through manual efforts. Thereafter, the execution of the order was manually sorted and hence the delivery could be marked in similar manner. Therefore, the replacement of the system requires to be suited in CoffeeVille with computerised record keeping.
Outlining the related tasks for implementing the new management system
Each new incorporation in any organisation requires to be backed up with certain additional factors that have been intended to be discussed in this portion. Therefore, incorporation of such factors should also be considered for better functioning of the organisation.
Few considerable numbers of changes should be addressed in the organisational stature. Foremost among them is to provide a set up in the organizational framework that would include a proper infrastructure for implementation of the new working procedures in the organisation. Therefore, the working conditions in the organisation as well as working conditions of the higher, middle and lower level or employees and managers should be facilitated with an appropriate framework. This framework should be provided with a supporting set up that would allow the functioning of the new systems of software (Peltier, 2016). This helps in updating the system or replacing them with an updated one. Furthermore, the company should also stress on the functioning capacity of the employees. The existing employees in the organization should be well trained so as to facilitate this updated structure of working. Besides, the organisation should also stress on the recruitment process of the organisation,. The recruitment process involves recruitment of the employees who are capable of handling the updated systems of working. The new technology should be given in expert hands so that there is no exploitation of the same.
Security encryption of the organization as well as the business
While proper functioning needs to be addressed in the organisation, it should be accompanied with an updated security system. Security of the acquired information should be dealt with competence so that there is no leakage of the same. The organisation thus should stress on the proper implementation of the security systems. The information that is included in the functioning of an organisation includes certain sensitive information such as client records. The client information further includes their location details, etc. Leaking of these information from the system of the organisation might prove to be deceptive for the organisation as it counters for the breaking of trust of the clients on the organisation (Hovenkamp, 2016). On the other hand, the internal information of the organisation includes the functional information of the organisation that is solely followed by the same. Therefore, leakage of such data can be problematic for the organisation when it reaches its competitors in the industry. Such a situation may harm the competitive edge of the organisation. Therefore, the security system should be addressed in the functional meetings of the organization. The information should also be dealt with care so the there is no access produced to the unauthorized members of the organization. Proper checking of the business data networks should also be included.
The suggestive requirement of the organisation should be handled with proper influence of the intellectual property rights. The legal rights of the organisation must be improved and all the legal conditions should be fulfilled so that the system can be dealt with proper functioning.
Undertaken policies and the procedures for implementing new management systems within the business
In order to comply with the new functional sectors of the organisation, CoffeeVille should be including certain new policies and strategies of functioning in the organisation. Therefore, there are certain factors that are influential in such factors. The implementation of new strategies require proper planning. The planning must be done with complete assistance of the experts. Hence, the planning includes consideration of the factors such as the current stages of functioning and the updated information about the new requirements of the company. On the other hand, other organisation should also consider the functioning procedures. The new venture of the organisation is aimed at incorporation of the system of meal delivery as well as packing of the orders for the take away purposes. Hence, this demands a system of computerised order checking and dissipation of the information to different departments that would execute the same. Hecne, new updated systems will have to be included in the organisation replacing the system of manual functioning.
Certain additional requirements have to be planned for the organisational considerations such as strategies to train the existing employees so that they can assist the new models of updated functions. Besides, recruitment of the employees should also be involved in the new models of functioning so that the crew members are strengthened in their respective operations.
The functioning of the organisation CoffeeVille has been studied well in order to produce proper analysis of the functioning in the organisation. The organisation has been found to have introduced new stature of the functioning such as providence of take home as well as delivery services. Therefore, certain new incorporation has to be facilitated in the organisation so that there is compliance of the organisational function with the new system that the company is thinking to have expansion within its sector of functioning.
Assignment 2: Communication plan
|Situational Analysis: SWOT|
|Goals and targets|
|Internal audience characteristics||External audience characteristics|
CoffeVille possess an embedded desire to establish the food delivery unit as a company with premier coffee and gourmet menus with interactive menus and superior standard of service providing. It is the moral wish of CoffeVille to simultaneously establish it as an company with ethical soundness who are devoted to cater the responsibilities regarding any social cause or related to serving the restoration of ecological balance. The unit wish to expand all across Australia with a considerable number of outlets across the major cities while pursuing the scope and opportunities to stimulate growth and further expanding to overseas markets.
|Strategies and tactics|