NRSG 138 Analysis Of Learning Experience Of Person Centred Care: Assessment 3 Answer

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Question :


Task 3 is a reflective piece of writing about your learning experience through this semester and how it has contributed to your professional philosophy and your intention to practice Person Centred Care.

Consider how your understanding of Roper, Logan and Tierney’s domains of Biological, Psychological, Socio-cultural, Politico-economic and Environmental factors will assist you in your future practice when you will be practicing person-centred care. How does the experience of learning about these domains influence your personal philosophy of nursing and person-centred care?

Structuring your assignment

Firstly, it is important that your submission is structured using Gibbs reflective cycle.

Please review the exemplars that have been written by the lecturers and provided for you on the WIKI page on the NRSG 138 LEO site. Reflective writing is a way of being proactive in your everyday learning and practice.

A reflective piece is all about YOU. It is expected that it be written in the first person. So, this way of writing is unlike other forms of academic writing and “I” and “me” and “I found” etc. are all not only acceptable butexpected.

The structure of the assignment should include:

An introduction including a coherent description of what you learned about the RLT domains (biological, psychological, socio- cultural, politico- economic and environmental factors)
Recognition of how you felt and your reactions to this new information -consider your own development in the unit
An evaluation of the learning experience
A critical analysis of what made sense to you – link this with academic literature
A description of your personal philosophy of nursing as an outcome of your reflective learning - link this with current nursing literature
Link your stated personal philosophy with person-centred care, and how you will implement this in future practice

Writing your assignment

The writing will demonstrate a reflection on your learning experience. You can use your writing from the unit content as a basis for this reflection. Refer to these pieces of writing and review, refine, reference and extend them to develop a cohesive reflection that represents your understanding of the Roper Logan and Tierney model of care and how this has informed your (beginning) personal philosophy of nursing

Please remember that the submission for the reflective piece needs to be a cohesive piece of writing.


You have been asked to provide references in your reflection and this will also be good practice for future academic writing and reflection. Please include intext references and a Reference List.

To support your writing, you can use:

  • research articles
  • policy documents from relevant nursing professional groups
  • text books
  • articles from peer reviewed nursing journals on nursing education, academia or theory.

References are useful to support your stance on

  • why you might have felt a certain way
  • why we use a model ofnursing
  • to explain why the concept under discussion is important
  • discuss what could have been done differently
  • why something workedwell
  • to justify your plans

It is expected that for 1200 words you will have around a minimum of 10 different references. 


How old can the references be?

The convention for writing about dynamic clinical information is 5 years or less (as knowledge changes so rapidly). In some areas however, older knowledge is considered fundamental and contemporary for longer. You should use the most recent available. So, if you find two articles from 1991 and then 2006, you should use the most recent. You should be able to source all your material from 2008 onwards.

How do I get help with APA?

Not knowing how to use APA will cost you valuable marks. The library and LEO (OSS) have excellent resources on APA. Not using referencing at all is considered academic misconduct and is not allowable.

Can I use the Gibb’s cycle as headings in myessay?

Gibbs’ headings are a great idea as you write your draft, because they help you organise your ideas. However, academic writing requires a coherent, well-flowing piece of writing so before submission, you need to remove any draft headings and make sure you link your paragraphs so ideas flow throughout the paper.

Do I reference Roper Logan andTierney?

You will need to cite your source for the domains you discuss, and any material from RLT that is not your own original thought. However, you need to include a broad range of references to support your writing.

Can I reference my lecturer / lectures?

No – while we are flattered that you have found our information valuable, you need to always use authoritative, published sources in academic writing. Using our material means you are simply repeating our words instead of researching for yourself.

What is an authoritative source…or why can’t I just Googlethis?

Please see the Assessments tabs for an explanation of authoritative sources. Google and similar search engines are public - they provide information at public level and you are completing a complex tertiary degree. We are aware of the existing material available on Google for these topics and there is a significant loss of marks associated with using material designed for the ‘person on the street’ rather than the beginning clinician such as yourselves.

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Answer :



Reflective writing is a regular practice in which the writer provides an overview of the event, interaction and providing a personal reflection on the meaning of the item and incident (Boud, Keogh & Walker, 2013). Reflective writing helps in examining and analysing event, memory and observation (Coleman & Willis, 2015). The present reflective essay deals with the analysis of the learning experience of the learner in Person Centred Care. The essay would also assess the impact of learning in the future career.

Person Centred Care requires the patients to take part in their medical treatment after collaborating with health professionals (McCormack & McCance, 2016). The present essay would reflect the understanding of the learner on Roper, Logan and Tierney’s (RLT) sphere of social, economic, political and environmental factors. The RLT model is based on activities of living, and it is the mostly uses nursing model. This model helped in identifying the factors that influence the activities of living. Biological factors create an impact on the health and physiology while psychological factors create an affect the cognitive ability and spiritual beliefs (Williams, 2017). The socio-cultural factors deal with the experience of individual related to society, and culture environmental factors consider the daily human activities on the environment. The politico-economic factors create an impact on the government and funding.  This model is useful in understanding the ability of the patient in performing the daily activities independently. The present essay would explore my learning and experience of this model and its effectiveness in future.        


 The discussion would be made following the Gibbs reflective cycle. Husebø, O'Regan & Nestel (2015) commented that the Gibbs Reflective Cycle is a framework of reflective writing. It would help in challenging biases, explore new ideas and assess the effectiveness of the approaches. My learning experience through the semesters has gone through several stages. I have encountered challenges and gathered personal philosophy. These are explained through the different stages of the Gibbs Reflective Cycle.


The semester helped me to develop insight about Person Centred Care. Person-Centred care focuses on addressing the needs of the people instead of the needs of the service. The semester has included varied topics related to Person Centred Care and analysed models and theories related to the same. We have also learned that person-centred care has helped in developing a plan of care with the people who fit in it and are willing to take up the action. We have developed an idea about the ways in developing care plans considering the wants and the demands of the patients. 

This semester has also guided me in understanding Roper, Logan and Tierney’s (RLT) model of activities of living. This model has aided me to analyse what living means. The prime objective of the assessment made through this model is to ensure the maximum independence of the patients (Williams, 2017). The different class activities related to person-centred care and the class activities made me realise that the activities of the patients should not be considered as a checklist but should be viewed as a cognitive approach. The semester has been quite informative and has influenced me to become a nurse and determine the interventions that can increase the independence of the patients and provide support. 


The semester has included mixed feelings as I encountered different challenges and also got to learn different things related to person-centred care. In the fifth, sixth and the seventh week, I came to know about the different concepts, models and theories of the person-centred approach in nursing. Some of the concepts were easier to understand while others were difficult to understand. The most issues that I encountered were related to the development of the care plan for the patients considering their needs and wants. The RLT model of nursing has helped me to understand the basic practices that would be helpful in the academic and clinical setting (Williams, 2015). My perception changed after the seventh week after I developed an in-depth understanding of person-centred care and its approaches. Furthermore, the tutorials of the three weeks have helped to understand the different factors of the RLT model and the ways it creates an impact on the activity of living. My perceptions changes and I started developing ideas about how care plans can be developed, and maximum independence can be provided to the patients.


The tutorials of the three weeks have been useful in solving my issues related to the concepts of person-centred care. I was unable to understand the care plan that would encourage independence as well as the participation of the patients. Another issue that I encountered was related to the understanding of the environmental factors of RLT model (de Moura et al. 2015). This model identified five primary factors that create an impact on the independence and the other daily activities of the patients. However, the application of all the factors in real life and developing an action was quite tricky.                           However, some concepts have been more accessible. I was able to understand the basic concepts of the personal care approaches and its importance in the nursing practice.  


Understanding all the concepts about the RLT model was not more relaxed for me. I was not able to understand their application in real life and in developing care plans. The prime reason for the same was lack of concentration, and I was not able to connect with my lecturers or understand the perspectives offered by them.

However, my lecturers were quite helpful, and they guided me to understand the basic concepts and overcome the issues related to a care plan that is effective for my future career. The suggestions offered by my lecturers guided me in building my learning. I have contributed in the class by discussing the RLT model that also helped to clear other's doubt. However, I feel there are still improvements to be made related to the understanding and developing strategies for ensuring the independence of the patients in daily lives and their active participation in the care plan (van Dongen et al. 2016).   


My learning experience has been both positive and negative. I was able to understand certain concepts easily while I also encountered challenges related to the application of certain concepts in real life. However, the learning process helped me to realise that I lack focus and needs to improve on my skills on critical analysis and understanding. This reflective essay has been effective in identifying my strength and weakness and thereby aided me in planning learning strategies for future development. 

Action Plan

For developing person-centred care in Future, I need to evaluate the different factors that create an impact on the life of the patients. This would be followed by understanding the needs and the wants of the patients so that they can participate in the care plan and can perform their works actively. 

My learning needs to be more efficient, and this can be attained through increasing focus and critical thinking ability. Furthermore, I also need to improve my confidence as a nurse needs to develop care plans considering the benefit of the patients under any challenging situation (Sabei & Lasater, 2016). 

I need to analyse different cases related to the patients care plans. This would help to improve my cognitive ability. I can also assist my seniors in different cases or take help from the lecturers. The essential factors that need to be considered include understanding the need of the client, identification of the issues, comprehensiveness of the care plan, timeliness, and process of approval and participation of the patient (Ross, Tod & Clarke, 2015).