ONPS2169 Significance of Forensic Science Report: UGRD Assessment Answer
This report depicts the significance of forensic science report in any criminal case. However there are several investigation conducted by the examiners to resolve the criminal cases but the forensic science investigation is considered as an important measure in the proceeding of a case related to crime. The report consist several stages of investigation through which the case related to any crime can be resolved. Also it consist the chances and stages where the biasness in the investigation can be made by the examiners and investigators. The forensic investigation is usually performed on the forensic and digital evidences such as mobile, laptop, bloodstains, fingerprints and residue. In the further part of report significant discussion about the forensic science report and conclusion has also been given in context of the provided case law.
In the given case law McGee was charged with the accusation of murder of his former girlfriend E. Shermer and at the location of crime several evidences were gathered by the investigators. The collected evidences include the bloodstains at knife and other places in the living room and kitchen sink, fingerprints at the air tickets and other equipment and mobile phone found on the crime location. For the proper and relevant assessment of these evidences, the evidences shall be evaluated under the forensic investigation. Such investigation will be performed by the forensic experts and professionals in the laboratory. The entire case of crime involves following stages of investigation which begins from the crime scene investigation and ends to the final outcome of investigation (Lillis, Becker, O'Sullivan, & Scanlon, 2016).
Investigation of crime scene:
Specific action- While making the investigation of crime scene, the investigators found that the apartment under which the crime has been conducted was disorganized and all the household appliances were not situated on their place. Also there were several bloodstains found on the floor of living room and near the kitchen sink. Apart from that the investigator found a knife with bloodstains and air tickets with the fingerprints. Also they collected a mobile phone from the location of crime.
Bias introduction- At this investigation stage, the bias behavior can be made by the investigators who held the investigation of crime location. They could manipulate the facts and evidences found on the crime scene and can present them in the interest of any favorable party. This stage involves collection of facts and evidences, their identification, analysis. With the numerous steps in the investigation, the chances to have biasness also enhanced (Riadi, 2017).
Lines of questioning- After having an investigation of crime location and collection of evidences and facts, several question are occurred on the basis of them which could be put before the parties. For instance the disorganized apartment and bloodstains found on the floor of room are answerable from the side of parties. Hence the investigators can raise the questions in context of collected facts and evidences.
Delivery of the expert testimony- The conclusive outcome of the investigation can be ascertained with the final statement made by the investigators and examiners involved in the investigation process. There are certain ethics and principle prescribed under the code of ethics of professionals and experts and they are bound to perform around this. Hence the opinion or statement made by the investigator or examiners shall be taken as fair and true for the further stages of investigation (Du, Le-Khac, & Scanlon, 2017).
Forensic science Investigation:
Specific action – The investigators collected several evidences from the location of crime such as fingerprints, bloodstains, mobile phone and other relevant facts. To identify the suspect and other parties, these evidences are needed to be analyzed under the forensic science. Hence such evidences will be evaluated by the forensic science experts and professionals.
Bias introduction- All the evidences collected from the location of crime are required to be evaluated by the forensic experts or examiners. Hence the DNA analysis of bloodstains and fingerprints shall be made by the forensic experts and the digital forensic evaluation of collected mobile phone shall also be conducted. At this stage of investigation the experts can perform in the interest of prosecution or defendant party which will lead to the biasness
Lines of questioning- At this stage of investigation, the queries can be raised on the basis of forensic analysis of evidences and facts. The DNA analysis of bloodstains and fingerprints could lead to number of questions which could be asked from the parties. Similarly the assessment of mobile phone can reveal the history and other details regarding the use of mobile and various questions can be asked from the parties (Hussain, Kanakam, & Chakravarthy, 2017).
Delivery of the expert testimony- The experts and professionals who carries the investigation of collected evidences are deemed to be performing under the professional ethics of their field. The opinion or testimony provided by the experts in the report or before the Court is considered as valuable measure by the Court in any criminal proceeding.
Specific action- In the given case law the forensic science report shall be presented before the Court after the relevant analysis and investigations. The report will show the DNA analysis, fingerprint analysis and digital analysis of mobile phone. Also the report will depict the evaluation results of the other facts and evidences which have been collected from the location of crime.
Bias introduction- While assessing these evidences, the experts can conduct biasness which could be intentional or cognitive. If the experts or professionals are influenced by either of the party and perform in the interest of them then it shall be considered as an intentional bias. On the other hand the cognitive bias is an impartial behavior which is performed by the forensic experts on the basis of their own personal opinions and assumptions. Hence in the given case law, the expert can perform any kind of biasness which could lead to the unfavorable circumstances for the defendant (Becker, & Dutelle, 2018).
Lines of questioning- On the basis of forensic report and expert’s opinion, the questions shall be designed which could help to find of motive behind the crime. The relevant questions will be asked to the defendant as well as aggrieved party and all these queries must be relevant to the case.
Delivery of expert testimony: The conclusive outcome of any assessment or investigation is the opinion or statement of relevant expert who has conducted the process. This statement or opinion has significant contribution in the final judgment of the entire proceeding (Bouchrika, 2017).
The above discussed stages of investigation shows an important procedure through which the cases of criminal nature could be resolved. However the proceeding of a criminal case begins with the crime scene location and finishes on the final judgment of Court but in between the proceeding have number of investigations and assessment which assisted the overall proceeding of a case. The forensic science investigation has a valuable contribution in the overall investigation of a criminal case as it reveals several factors which are based on the actual facts and evidences collected from the crime location.