Subject Code and Title PUBH6003: Health systems and Economics Assessment
Assessment 1: Report Applying Systems Thinking in Public health
Length Up to 1,000 words
Learning Outcomes This assessment addresses the following learning outcomes: 1. Apply systems thinking and an intersectoral approach to public health issues.
Total Marks 100 marks
Public health professionals must work across various sectors and with key stakeholders such as other professionals and community groups in order to improve health outcomes. Often, these stakeholders have competing interests and conflicting ideas about health, and about what would be the most effective ways to meet public health needs and outcomes. Stakeholders may not even share the same values related to improving public health. In some cases, using a systems thinking or intersectoral approach may pose many challenges for implementation. To prepare for this assessment, choose one public health issue (e.g. obesity, a chronic disease) in any country for which it is obvious that a systems thinking approach has not been, or is not being, applied.
Then in approximately 1000 words: • Describe the public health issue. • Explain the roles of stakeholders, both within the health system and in other sectors in addressing this issue. • Drawing on research evidence, explain the obstacles that are preventing the application of a systems thinking approach to this issue. • Based on the literature, offer suggestions (e.g. new governance arrangements) for how a systems thinking approach could be applied to this issue.
• Demonstrated knowledge and understanding of systems thinking and an intersectoral approach (20%) • Shows the ability to interpret and analyse relevant information and literature on systems thinking and an intersectoral approach (30%) • Demonstrates the ability to apply knowledge and understanding of systems thinking and an intersectoral approach to a public health problem (30%) • Use of academic conventions including appropriate resources and referencing (20%) o Uses key readings and shows evidence of reading beyond the key reading o There is a lucid introduction and clear conclusion or summary o Complies with normal academic of referencing and bibliographical details (including reference list, use APA style) o Is written clearly with accurate spelling, grammar and sentence and paragraph construction.
APPLYING SYSTEMS THINKING IN PUBLIC HEALTH: A STUDY ON HYPERLIPIDAEMIA IN AUSTRALIA
The Growing public health issue associated with hyperlipidemia can be considered as one of the major challenge for Australia. In order to resolve this public health issue development of effective systems thinking process is necessary. The most valuable stakeholders who are involved with the health systems of Australia related to mitigation of hyperlipidemia are patients, health professionals, social workers. With the help of an effective capacity management, effective systems thinking can be developed by which this public health issue can be mitigated. Application of comprehensive systems thinking can help to mitigate this challenging issue with hyperlipidemia.
Application of systems thinking for addressing different public health issues can be considered as one of the latest approaches in this era. This can help to find out a preferable solution for decreasing the level of public health issues. In this study, the most common public issue of Australia, which is discussed, and in this context, application of systems thinking is addressed.
A brief description of hyperlipidemia in Australia
A high percentage of bad fat content in the blood group of a person is known as hyperlipidemia (Britt et al. 2016). This can be considered as one of the major growing public health issues, which can be seen, in most of the general people of Australia (MJA, 2016). From the statistical data of 2014-2015 nit can be noted that 25.2% of aged population of this country have this health issue (ABS, 2015). Moreover, in most of the cases, it can be seen that this health issue causes another most common health problem which is known as osteoarthritis and statistical data shows that 3.2% population of Australia have both issues (Britt et al. 2016).
From the statistical data of the Medical Journal of Australia, it also can be noted that every one out of 350 residents of this country having this health problem (MJA, 2016). Hyperlipidemia is also known as High cholesterol issue, which causes several other diseases mainly it affects the kidney and heart of a person (ABS, 2015). This health issue is making a strong impact on the mortality rate of Australia (Britt et al. 2016).
From a study, it can be acknowledged that 70% of adults of this country has the level of LDL-c (Low-density lipid-protein) 6.5 mmol/L (MJA, 2016). From this point of view, it can be stated that this issue is making an adverse impact on the health of general people of this country (ABS, 2015).
Roles of stakeholders in addressing hyperlipidemia
The role of patients, as well as health professionals, plays an important role in addressing this health issue in Australia (Schumacher et al. 2016). Most of the time different healthcare organizations of this country arrange survey-based estimation process by which they try to figure out the number of people facing these health issues in Australia (Wake et al. 2018). Moreover, in this regards different social working organizations take initiatives by which they try to realize the issues, which are facing by the people of this country in this health problem (Schumacher et al. 2016). Government organizations of this country always try to find out the main foods, which are causing this health problem in people of this country (Wake et al. 2018).
Government organizations such as the Australian Bureau of statistics plays an effective role in maintaining the database related to the number of people suffering from hyperlipidemia (Schumacher et al. 2016). People suffering in this problem provide their valuable feedback by which different healthcare organizations can sort out the increased or decreased level of this problem (Wake et al. 2018).
Obstacles can be seen in the application of systems thinking hyperlipidemia problem
The capacity of application a systems thinking approach depends on the resources of this healthcare organization which can be considered as one of the major obstacles since this resource is limited (NCBI, 2014). Moreover, a limitation also can be seen in the procedure of execution of a holistic systems thinking approach (NCBI, 2014). In this case, the l\imitation can be seen in the development of a specific procedure by considering the standards of practice (NCBI, 2014). These standards can be distorted in the presence of particular social, political or environmental stimuli (NCBI, 2014). This can be considered as one of the major issues in this regards which makes an adverse impact on the entire process of systems thinking (NCBI, 2014). Another issue in this context is the growth of the issue related to hyperlipidemia is much faster than the development of new strategies by which the cure of this health problem is possible (NCBI, 2014). Hence, the unavailability of effective technologies can be considered as another major issue in applying effective systems thinking in order to develop effective treatment procedure related to hyperlipidemia (NCBI, 2014).
Suggestion related to the application of systems thinking for solving hyperlipidemia
Application of systems thinking always considers systemsatic approach by considering a holistic process associated with a specific systems at once (IISE, 2019). For developing an effective systems thinking approach in order to mitigate the issues associated with hyperlipidemia, it is essential to consider the desire of stakeholders for developing an effective approach according to these needs of stakeholders (Mutale et al. 2016). This can help to break the systems for providing a specific solution related to hyperlipidemia (Roberts et al. 2016). Stakeholder needs can help to modify the existing practices related to the treatment of hyperlipidemia (IISE, 2019).
Development of the capacity of the healthcare systems can be considered as another most valuable suggestion in this regards, which can help to increase the level of effectiveness of different practices associated with a public health issue in Australia such as hyperlipidemia (Roberts et al. 2016). Application of comprehensive thinking can be considered as another most valuable solution related to this issue, which can help to realize critical factors, associated with this problem (Mutale et al. 2016). Moreover, with the help of technological integration and improved database management systems process associated with systems thinking also can be made more effective (Roberts et al. 2016). Effective resource management and optimization of the existing capacity of the healthcare systems can be considered as another major consideration, which can help to integrate the approach of systems thinking (Mutale et al. 2016).
From the above study, it can be concluded that with the help of an effective systems thinking process the public health issue of Australia such as hyperlipidemia can be solved. However, from this study, it also can be concluded that hyperlipidemia can be considered as one of the growing health issues, which can be identified by different stakeholders such as health professionals, patients and social workers.