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PUBH6006 Intervention Strategy for Preventing Obesity in Community Assessment 2 Answer

ASSESSMENT BRIEF
Subject Code and TitlePUBH6006: Community Health and Disease Prevention
AssessmentAssessment 2: Group Report - Non-communicable Disease Prevention
Individual/GroupGroup
Length2,000 words
Learning OutcomesThis assessment addresses the following learning outcomes:
  1. Analyse theoretical frameworks and models used in public health and health promotion
  2. Apply theoretical frameworks to develop effective health promotion interventions

Instructions:

In this Assignment, you will collaborate with your peers and develop a strategy with the  aim  of  preventing obesity in children and youth in a community setting (see the reading  by  Flynn et  al.,  2006 and by Patton et al., 2009, to help your thinking on this issue).

Over the next three Modules  (3, 4, and 5), you will be completing a Group Assignment, which you will do  in collaboration with three other students in your class. You may find the tips for group work described at https://student.unsw.edu.au/groupwork helpful. Only one 2,000-word Assignment should be submitted through Turnitin (i.e., each group submits one Assignment to which all members of the group have contributed).

Note: To prevent social loafing, groups experiencing problems with the  level  of  commitment  of  individual members are required to contact their course facilitator in the first instance. If problems persist, the group leader should submit a Peer Evaluation Form (available on Blackboard). Marks  may  be deducted for individual members who do not live up to the expectations of the other group members.

Once you know the group you are in, work out the best way to communicate with your peers for the development of the Assignment (e.g., through Skype, telephone, and/or email or other method).

To prepare for this assignment:

  1. What intervention/s would you like to run? Your choices should be supported by the published literature. For how long will the intervention run?
  2. Who needs to be involved? Who are the stakeholders that you will need to make this intervention successful?
  3. What would each of those people have to do? Who would be responsible for which project tasks (ie leadership, development or delivery of educational material, managing the budget and finances)?
  4. How much will the required resources cost? This can just be an estimate of the costs that will be involved. If you need to hire staff, estimate the amount of their time that you need (ie hours/days per week) and how much their salary would cost. Don’t forget consumables like paper for printing, and envelopes and stamps if needed. This is your estimated budget.


To write this assignment:

  1. Briefly explain your intervention, and any research evidence that supports this as a good intervention.
  2. Explain how your intervention addresses primary, secondary, and/or tertiary prevention as a health promotion strategy.
  3. Explain the different phases of your strategy: planning, community engagement, implementation, management, evaluation and recommendations.
  4. Use subheadings to describe what you will do at each of these stages.
  5. Where does each phase fit into your timelines?
  6. Who needs to be involved in each phase, and what would they need to do?
  7. Include your list of costs and estimated budget.
  8. Conclude with recommendations about preventing obesity in children and youth.

The output will be a 2000-word paper that utilises your combined professional judgement and the evidence provided in the Learning Resources on Modules 3, 4, and 5 to design an obesity prevention strategy.

Assessment Criteria:

  • Demonstrates knowledge and understanding of the different stages of program planning, implementation and evaluation for NCD health programs. (20%)
  • Critical reasoning skills in developing recommendations for childhood obesity as an existing community health problem. (30%)
  • Demonstrates critical analysis skills in developing recommendations for childhood obesity as an existing community health problem. (30%)
  • General assessment criteria (20%):
    • Provides a lucid introduction
    • Shows a sophisticated understanding of the key issues
    • Shows ability to interpret relevant information and literature in relation to chosen topic
    • Demonstrates a capacity to explain and apply relevant concepts
    • Shows evidence of reading beyond the required readings
    • Justifies any conclusions reached with well-formed arguments and not merely assertions
    • Provides a conclusion or summary
    • Correctly uses academic writing, presentation and grammar:
      • Complies with academic standards of legibility, referencing and bibliographical details (including reference list)
      • Writes clearly, with accurate spelling and grammar as well as proper sentence and paragraph construction
      • Uses appropriate APA style for citing and referencing research

Answer

Community Health and Disease Prevention

Introduction 

The paper will develop an intervention strategy for preventing obesity in children and youths in a community setting. It will briefly explain the intervention and explain the ways the intervention addresses the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. It will also describe the stakeholders involved in the intervention. Moreover, it will evaluate the planning, community engagement, management, implementation, evaluation and recommendations stages of the intervention. Being overweight could lead to health issues, and children and youths might be affected mentally and in their social lives. Intervention is designed to focus on preventing obesity among the people in the society. 

Intervention for Obesity 

A comprehensive behavioral lifestyle intervention can be considered to generate a vital and clinically meaningful reduction in obesity in children and youths. The program will consist of nutrition suggestion and prescription of physical activities (Lv, Azar, Rosas, Wulfovich, Xiao, & Ma, 2017). Young individuals usually become obese since they do not do sufficient physical activities along with poor habits of eating and lifestyle that contributes to the weight status of the child and youth. Suggestions on a diet will concentrate on improving the quality of diet through targeted behaviors like increasing the consumption of whole grains, fruits and vegetables.

The intervention will gradually work for changing the eating habits of the families of the children and youths instead of concentrating on weight. The change in eating habits will automatically lead to a change in weight (Daniels et al., 2015). In the prescription of physical activities, the children and youths will be encouraged to take part in physical activities in most days of the week. They should be banned to view TV for a longer period of time and motivated for more physical activities. More than one hour of physical activities can help to promote loss in weight and consequent maintenance.  

The families, paediatricians and dieticians will play a vital role to model healthy habits of eating and physical activities and provide access to opportunities for a healthy diet and physical activities. This modelling in healthy habits of eating in the children and youths can lead to a decrease in the rate of obesity for a longer follow-up period. So, the invention will focus on the roles of families, paediatricians and dieticians as receivers of information and as role models for healthy habits among the children and youths. The environment of the community also plays an essential role in creating healthy behaviors of lifestyle and preventing obesity among the children and youths of the community. 

Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Prevention  

Primary Prevention - The aim of this prevention will be to reduce the number of new incidences of obesity by measuring the level of obesity among them. Families of the children and youths, pediatric health service and the community will be involved in this prevention (Daniels & Hassink, 2015).

Secondary Prevention - The purpose of this prevention will be to lower the rate of prevalence cases of obesity among the children and youths in a community setting. Families of the children and youths and pediatric health service will be involved in this prevention. The paediatrician will educate and explain the disease, the significance of required changes in diet and physical activities, and prepare a treatment plan with their families (Williams, Mesidor, Winters, Dubbert & Wyatt, 2015).

Tertiary Prevention - The goal of this prevention will be to alleviate or reduce the quantity of disability connected with obesity. Dieticians, informatics and psychologists are involved in the treatment. It will consist of measures and activities to reduce the progress of more severe obesity or diminish the possibilities of related metabolic, vascular or musculoskeletal disorders such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoarthritis or diabetes. 

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