PUBH6007 Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Australia: Assessment 2 Answer
Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Australia
Obesity is one of the major health related concerns for Australian children and adolescents and requires immediate attention and prevention programs to deal with the issue. Excessive and obesity can be linked with Australians experiencing many diseases like type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal conditions and even cancer. As per report of AIHW in 2018, about 1 in every 4 children in Australia is either obese or overweight (Sanders et al., 2015). Studies also indicate that children and adolescents in 2015 was more likely to obese or overweight than those of the same age 20 years ago (Leech, McNaughton & Timperio, 2015). This growing number of obese children due to unhealthy food habits should be taken care of through community programs that focus on changing food habits, training, exercises and modifying lifestyles. Further details regarding these community programs are discussed below.
Overarching Goal of the Program
The aim of arranging a community program for obese children and young adults in Australia is to work collaboratively with community members for modified lifestyle choices, food habits and exercise training programs. The overarching goal of the program is to help reduce the number of obese children and adolescents in the Australian communities and prevent the various health diseases linked with overweight and obesity.
Objectives for Meeting the Goal of the Program
In order to meet the aim of the community health programs there are certain objectives that need to be fulfilled. Pursuing these objectives is essential to achieve the overarching goal of the program. These objectives are as follows.
|Sl no.||Objectives||Meeting the Goal|
|1||To ensure all children and adolescents in the Australian community take part in the community health programs.||It is only by involving all the children in the community programs the goal of reducing obesity among children can be achieved.|
|2||To monitor the total number of obese children and young adults in the community and tracking their progress in the community programs.||Not only getting involved in the program but also keeping track of the progress they are making is essential for reducing the number obese individual.|
|3||To make sure the success rate of the program is more than 90%, i.e. at least 90% of the children and adolescents attending the community program is becoming fit and losing excess weight.||Without modification in at least 90% of the participants of the program, it cannot be considered as successful.|
|4||To ensure the children and young adults attending the community program is pursuing the food and lifestyle choices even in their schools and homes under the guidance of their teachers and parents.||The changes in lifestyle and food habits started by the community program should be continued even when in home and school to make the goal of the program achievable.|
|5||To ensure the entire program is able to reduce obesity of the children and adolescents within 2 years.||A time limit is necessary within which the goal of the program has to be achieved or else it cannot be considered a success.|
Table 1: Objectives
Source: Created by author
Strategies for Achieving the Goal and Objectives
The Australian communities must also develop certain plans and strategies so that goals and objectives of the community programs can be achieved. These SMART strategies have been described in details below.
|Sl no.||Strategies||Meeting the Goals and Objectives|
|1||Arrange for a health counsellor and nutritionist within the community for teaching the children and adolescent about healthy lifestyle choices and food habits (Lobstein et al., 2015).||Guidance from trained professionals is essential for achieving the goal and objectives of the community program.|
|2||Gather funds from community members as well as local government or authority to build exercise and training facilities like gyms and yoga centres.||Apart from healthy diet and good lifestyle choices, training and exercising is also necessary for dealing with obesity.|
|3||Conducting education sessions for making the obese children and their parents aware of the severe long-term consequences of obesity and overweight.||It is by means of educating the children and parents, they could be motivated in taking part in the community programs.|
|4||The parents and teachers should be instructed to maintain the healthy diets and lifestyle choices at home and school canteens so that the children can follow their instructed routines throughout the day.||Along with attending the community programs, a similar approach is required at home and schools of the children to develop a habit of healthy lifestyle choices and eating.|
|5||The arrangement of financial resources for the training facilities should be done within 6 months and the program should be started within the next 1 year.||A steady schedule is necessary to arrange the health professionals and build the training facilities to successfully start the community health program.|
Table 2: Strategies
Source: Created by author
Risks and Challenges
When arranging for the community health programs there are certain risks and challenges that might occur. These risks and challenges and methods to overcome them has been mentioned below.
The Risks and Challenges:
- Community members might not enrol in the health program which would make it tough to fight obesity among Australian children and adolescents.
- The financial resources required for hiring health professionals and building training facilities is not arranged within the time schedule.
Addressing the Risks and Challenges:
- Educating the obese children and their parents through various public speaking sessions would ensure they understand the consequences of obesity and enrol for the health programs (Hardy et al., 2015).
- If the financial resources required for the programs could not be arranged from the community members, asking help from the Australian government or local authority would help the funding as fighting obesity in children is one of the key areas that the Australian government and health department is trying to achieve.
Figure 1: Logic program
Source: Created by author
The resources required for the program are as follows.
Financial: Financial or monetary resources are essential to build exercise and training facilities within the community and also hire health professionals and nutritionists required for the programs.
Physical: Physical resources like training equipment, building materials and gym machines are essential for the success of the program.
Human: The human resources are also important as active participation from some of the community members to arrange the health programs would motivate others to work collaboratively towards fighting obesity among children of the community.
Thus, it can be concluded that with the help of these strategies, the afore mentioned goals and objectives of the community programs can be achieved. As obesity and overweight in children and adolescents is one of the major reasons for concern in the Australian communities, it has to be dealt with immediately through the various strategic community health programs.