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PUBH6007 Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Australia: Assessment 2 Answer


ASSESSMENT BRIEF
Subject Code and TitlePUBH6007: Program Design, Implementation and Evaluation
Assessment

Assessment 2: Presentation/Report: Program Design and Implementation
Individual/GroupPresentation and report submission on discussion board; peer evaluation (via discussion board).
Learning OutcomesThis assessment addresses the following learning outcomes:
  1. Describe and construct a program theory and program logic diagram for a program based on prioritised need
  2. Construct a clear program plan using goals, objectives, strategies and indicators in preparation for implementation and evaluation
  3. Design the implementation of a program, including; stakeholder engagement, communication strategies, and budget and time management strategies
  4. Understand and explain the principles of evaluation, types of evaluation, ethical issues and roles of an evaluator
  5. Develop knowledge of how to conduct an evaluation of processes, impacts and outcomes of a program

Context:

For Assessment 2, you will give a presentation on a designed program – planned to address an identified need in your community, or service. You will focus on a prioritised need for developing this plan.

Assessment Description: Presentation:

PART 1:

‐A program logic diagram for a program based on prioritised need

PART 2: A clear program plan that discusses the following:

  1. The overarching goal of the program (the overall aim that you want to achieve via your program),
  2. Objectives (specific desired changes that will help to meet the overall goal). There should be at least 3 objectives
  3. Strategies (how you will go about achieving your aim and objectives; the activities that will contribute to the achievement of the objectives);
  4. Risks or Challenges (Identify any potential challenges to the program)
    1. What may occur that can put the program at risk, what are the challenges, and how will you address them? (for example, people may not enrol?)
  5. Resources required (Financial, Physical, Human)

a. (use this link for budgets http://www.flinders.edu.au/medicine/sites/pew/developing‐a‐project‐and‐ evaluation‐plan/budget/budget_overview.cfm

PART 3: Summaries/self‐peer evaluation (20%)

  • Prepare a 2 page (1000 words) summary report incorporating all the sections of the presentation in brief. Use the same headings as the presentation.
  • Complete the self and peer evaluation forms

Combine the 2 documents (summary and self‐peer evaluation forms) into one PDF file, and submit on Blackboard.

References and Resources:

For the presentation, you may use the planning process on PEW (Planning and Evaluation Wizard, Flinders University at http://www.flinders.edu.au/medicine/sites/pew/pew_home.cfmto complete your plan in table form.

Ensure that your objectives and strategies are SMART: Specific, Measurable, Aligned, Realistic/Relevant, and Time‐bound). Where possible, include multiple levels of action and multiple settings for your program (see Keleher et al, 2008 p124‐129 and Round et al, 2005 p7‐9)

Go to : http://www.flinders.edu.au/medicine/sites/pew/developing‐a‐project‐and‐evaluation‐ plan/developing‐a‐project‐and‐evaluation‐plan_home.cfm

This link provides you with an example of a completed plan and a blank form Use the example, to prepare the table first:

  • a title for your program,
  • goals
  • 3 objectives that your program seeks to achieve
  • strategies to implement these objectives
  • process indicators (to monitor if the process of implementation is working)
  • data collection methods (for eg: documentation, collecting data from patients, views on websites etc)
  • Impact/Outcome measures ( for eg: people who are exposed to this program will report..)
  • Data collection methods ( for eg: survey people in the program) This link has some examples of clear goals, objectives for varied plans.

http://www.flinders.edu.au/medicine/sites/pew/developing‐a‐project‐and‐evaluation‐ plan/planning‐zone/goals‐and‐objectives/examples.cfm

Examples of good strategies for programs are on this link:

http://www.flinders.edu.au/medicine/sites/pew/developing‐a‐project‐and‐evaluation‐ plan/planning‐zone/strategies/examples.cfm

Use this link to get a checklist if you are on the right track with strategies:

http://www.flinders.edu.au/medicine/sites/pew/developing‐a‐project‐and‐evaluation‐ plan/planning‐zone/strategies/checklist.cfm

Assessment criteria: (Presentation – 25%) – see Learning Rubric on Following pages

  • Demonstrates ability to present a clear program logic diagram, goals, objectives, strategies, process indicators and evaluation plan, using the SMART criteria (40%)
  • Demonstrates critical reasoning and analysis skills in presenting a coherent rationale and outline for the proposed program, identifying potential implementation issues including resources and challenges (35%)
  • Group cohesion is reflected in the presentation (15%)
  • General assessment criteria (10%):
    • Provides a lucid introduction
    • Demonstrates a capacity to explain and apply relevant concepts
  • Justifies all the work presented with sufficient evidence support
  • Provides a logical summary.
  • Correctly uses professional language in presentation with grammar, tense and accuracy and references footnoted.

Assessment criteria: (Summary/Self‐Peer Evaluation – 20%) – See Learning Rubric on following pages

  • Demonstrates ability to summarise highlights of the program design, implementation and evaluation program (40%)
  • Demonstrates critical reasoning and analysis skills in presenting a coherent rationale and outline for the proposed program, identifying potential implementation issues including resources and challenges (35%)
  • General assessment criteria (10%): Demonstrates ability to correctly use APA referencing as a group, with references clearly identified.
  • Self and Peer Evaluation forms (15%)

Answer

Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Australia

Introduction

Obesity is one of the major health related concerns for Australian children and adolescents and requires immediate attention and prevention programs to deal with the issue. Excessive and obesity can be linked with Australians experiencing many diseases like type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal conditions and even cancer. As per report of AIHW in 2018, about 1 in every 4 children in Australia is either obese or overweight (Sanders et al., 2015). Studies also indicate that children and adolescents in 2015 was more likely to obese or overweight than those of the same age 20 years ago (Leech, McNaughton & Timperio, 2015). This growing number of obese children due to unhealthy food habits should be taken care of through community programs that focus on changing food habits, training, exercises and modifying lifestyles. Further details regarding these community programs are discussed below.

Overarching Goal of the Program

The aim of arranging a community program for obese children and young adults in Australia is to work collaboratively with community members for modified lifestyle choices, food habits and exercise training programs. The overarching goal of the program is to help reduce the number of obese children and adolescents in the Australian communities and prevent the various health diseases linked with overweight and obesity.

Objectives for Meeting the Goal of the Program

In order to meet the aim of the community health programs there are certain objectives that need to be fulfilled. Pursuing these objectives is essential to achieve the overarching goal of the program. These objectives are as follows.

Sl no.ObjectivesMeeting the Goal
1To ensure all children and adolescents in the Australian community take part in the community health programs.It is only by involving all the children in the community programs the goal of reducing obesity among children can be achieved.
2To monitor the total number of obese children and young adults in the community and tracking their progress in the community programs.Not only getting involved in the program but also keeping track of the progress they are making is essential for reducing the number obese individual.
3To make sure the success rate of the program is more than 90%, i.e. at least 90% of the children and adolescents attending the community program is becoming fit and losing excess weight.Without modification in at least 90% of the participants of the program, it cannot be considered as successful.
4To ensure the children and young adults attending the community program is pursuing the food and lifestyle choices even in their schools and homes under the guidance of their teachers and parents.The changes in lifestyle and food habits started by the community program should be continued even when in home and school to make the goal of the program achievable.
5To ensure the entire program is able to reduce obesity of the children and adolescents within 2 years.A time limit is necessary within which the goal of the program has to be achieved or else it cannot be considered a success.

Table 1: Objectives

Source: Created by author

Strategies for Achieving the Goal and Objectives

The Australian communities must also develop certain plans and strategies so that goals and objectives of the community programs can be achieved. These SMART strategies have been described in details below.

Sl no.StrategiesMeeting the Goals and Objectives
1Arrange for a health counsellor and nutritionist within the community for teaching the children and adolescent about healthy lifestyle choices and food habits (Lobstein et al., 2015).Guidance from trained professionals is essential for achieving the goal and objectives of the community program.
2Gather funds from community members as well as local government or authority to build exercise and training facilities like gyms and yoga centres.Apart from healthy diet and good lifestyle choices, training and exercising is also necessary for dealing with obesity.
3Conducting education sessions for making the obese children and their parents aware of the severe long-term consequences of obesity and overweight.It is by means of educating the children and parents, they could be motivated in taking part in the community programs.
4The parents and teachers should be instructed to maintain the healthy diets and lifestyle choices at home and school canteens so that the children can follow their instructed routines throughout the day.Along with attending the community programs, a similar approach is required at home and schools of the children to develop a habit of healthy lifestyle choices and eating.
5The arrangement of financial resources for the training facilities should be done within 6 months and the program should be started within the next 1 year.A steady schedule is necessary to arrange the health professionals and build the training facilities to successfully start the community health program.

Table 2: Strategies

Source: Created by author

Risks and Challenges

When arranging for the community health programs there are certain risks and challenges that might occur. These risks and challenges and methods to overcome them has been mentioned below.

The Risks and Challenges:

  • Community members might not enrol in the health program which would make it tough to fight obesity among Australian children and adolescents.
  • The financial resources required for hiring health professionals and building training facilities is not arranged within the time schedule.

Addressing the Risks and Challenges:

  • Educating the obese children and their parents through various public speaking sessions would ensure they understand the consequences of obesity and enrol for the health programs (Hardy et al., 2015).
  • If the financial resources required for the programs could not be arranged from the community members, asking help from the Australian government or local authority would help the funding as fighting obesity in children is one of the key areas that the Australian government and health department is trying to achieve.

Program:

Logic program

Figure 1: Logic program

Source: Created by author

Resources Required

The resources required for the program are as follows.

Financial: Financial or monetary resources are essential to build exercise and training facilities within the community and also hire health professionals and nutritionists required for the programs.

Physical: Physical resources like training equipment, building materials and gym machines are essential for the success of the program.

Human: The human resources are also important as active participation from some of the community members to arrange the health programs would motivate others to work collaboratively towards fighting obesity among children of the community.

Conclusion

Thus, it can be concluded that with the help of these strategies, the afore mentioned goals and objectives of the community programs can be achieved. As obesity and overweight in children and adolescents is one of the major reasons for concern in the Australian communities, it has to be dealt with immediately through the various strategic community health programs.

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