|Subject Code and Title||PUBH6013 Qualitative Research Methods|
|Assessment||Assessment 2: Individual Research Proposal|
|Length||1, 500 words (+/- 10%)|
|Learning Outcomes||This assessment addresses the following learning outcomes:|
This assessment is prescribed to advance literature searching, critical analysis, research question development, research planning skills, and reflexivity as a researcher.
This assessment involves developing a research question, preparing interview and probe questions, identifying four people that you can interview on this topic (for example, your family or friends, colleagues), and reflecting on your motivation and justification of your research proposal.
It assesses the key understanding necessary for conceptualising and developing a qualitative research proposal, which will prepare you for the use of qualitative methods in research and evaluation as a public health practitioner.
There are two steps to completing this assignment.
Instructions: Step 1:
Develop a research question (similar to the ones you have explored throughout this subject) that supports qualitative exploration of a topic of your choice. Review the materials from Module 1 to familiarise yourself with the scope and purpose of qualitative research.
Write a research proposal for your qualitative project. You must include:
Individual Research Proposal
Impact of alcohol on mental illness in youths in Australia
This research proposal will shed light on the impact of alcohol on the mental illness of the young generation in the society of Australia. For this purpose, this paper will concentrate on:
It has been observed that mental illness is continuously increasing in today’s society. As per the report of WHO (2020), around 450 million people in the world are suffering from mental illness. In Australia, nearly 4.8 million Australian which is 20.1% of the total population of Australia, were affected by several mental disorders (APH, 2020). Among them, most of the people are between 16 to 85 years (Beyondblue, 2020). Even, it has been found that youths are the most affected due to mental illness in Australia. There are many reasons for this huge number of mentally sick youth in Australia. But it has been found that one of the core reasons for this mental illness problem among the youths in Australia is excessive alcohol consumption. Averagely, every 1 person in 5 in Australia takes alcohol whose age is above 14 years (Alcoholthinkagain, 2020). There is a stereotype concept regarding alcohol in society that it impacts positively on our mood. To be dealt with depression, heartbreaks, anxiety, etc. most of the youths take alcohol on a regular basis. On the other side, alcohol harms the mental health of people for a long time. Alcohol consumption on a regular basis can bring harmful effects on the brain. Because alcohol decreases the chemical serotonin level in the brain which is one of the key elements of depression. Even, youths can experience a greater loss of cognitive functions because excessive consumption of alcohol affects the cerebral cortex directly. Also, alcohol ruins the ability of any human to process information. Even it has been proved that as alcohol effect on the frontal lobes of the human brain, it diminishes the decision-making skills of human too which is the capability to generate idea and inhibitions. That is why to consider the importance of this topic impact of alcohol on mental illness in youths in Australia has been chosen as the research topic.
Alcohol consumption has become a concern among the youths these days. In 2020, the population of Australia is 25,499,884 which is equivalent to the 0.33% global population (Worldometers, 2020). As per the report of ABS, (2020), in 2016, about 2,988,390 Australian belonged to the 15 to 24 age bar which was around 12.8% of the total population. Among them, Several statistics show the number of young generations who are addicted to Alcohol. In Western Australia, people of 20 to 29 age group consume alcohol on every single occasion and they are about 42.5% among the total population (Alcoholthinkagain, 2020). It has also been found that males are at the riskiest level as weekly 18.1% males in Australia like to take alcohol on every single occasion (Alcoholthinkagain, 2020). But, from several types of research, it has been found that alcohol affects the brain highly. Various pieces of evidence show that as the brain of the youth generation is developing, so, the alcohol affects them negatively most. Once the young generation starts to take alcohol on a daily basis, they become habituated and then it has become very difficult to recover from the situation. Also, Australian longitudinal studies revealed that regular drinking can make a teenager abusive and dependent. In short, alcohol is risky for the young generation which can ruin their adulthood. Also, drinking alcohol is considered as a part of socializing. A report reveals that consumption of excessive alcohol can stop the progress of the brain, especially it affects the people who are in their mid 20's to early '30s. That is why this research study will concentrate on the impact of mental illness on the youths in Australia. Because youths are the emergent part of the society and alcohol directs them wrongly. It is also important for society to reduce the number of alcoholic people because it is one of the major causes of the increasing number of mentally sick people in Australian society. In a study by NCBI (2020), the reason behind people's excessive consumption of alcohol has been revealed from an individual's perspective. Often it has been seen that the younger generation takes alcohol just by influencing others. Drinking is a culture in Australia. Therefore alcohol consumption is a part of young generations' life as it helps them to be relaxed and to free their mind from anxiety and also in this way they can be compatible with the social situation. So, it can be said that willingly or unwillingly, youth generations in Australia harm their mental health by taking excessive alcohol. Even, as alcohol is very popular in the country and can be found everywhere, therefore, it is almost a challenge to reduce the number of mentally sick people due to excessive alcohol consumption in Australia.
The research questions of this research study will be to analyze the mental illness of Australian youth because of Alcohol consumption. In the research question, the researcher will identify the current mental healthiness of Australian youths. Also, research questions will be based to figure out the impact of Alcohol on the mental illness of youths in Australia.
For this research study, a qualitative research approach will be used. The qualitative research approach emphasizes open and conservational communication to gather data for research (Stratford & Bradshaw, 2016). This research method is a scientific research method and gathers only non- numerical data for collecting information for any research study. Also, this research method concentrates on not only what people think but, it also defines why people think so. Qualitative research methods can be classified by various types but among them, the three most common qualitative research methods are observation, interviews and focus groups. In order to conduct this study, the researcher will adopt the Interview method of qualitative research. The interview research method can bring out the impact of alcohol on the minds of the youths and also it will be possible to recognize the impact of alcohol on mental illness in Australia. In this way, the researcher can gather the required information for this research study perfectly.
Data sampling is another technique that is used to identify the process to choose the respondents of the research study (Bauder, Khoshgoftaar & Hasanin, 2018). Generally, data sampling methods can be divided into two variations, such as the probable data sampling method and a non-probable data sampling method. The probable data sampling method is where the researcher chooses their respondents on the basis of any particular procedure. There, in a non-probable data sampling method, the researcher identifies their respondents randomly. For this research study, the researcher will select a non-probable data sampling method. This data sampling method will easily select doctors among the health care industry of Australia to investigate the impact of mental illness among the youths. The data sample size for this research study will be 6 doctors from the health care sector of Australia.
The data collection method demonstrates the process of gathering data for the research and measuring them as per the requirement of the research topic in order to establish the research questions, aims, objectives, etc. (Paradis et al. 2016). To generate this research study, the researcher will adopt a primary data collection method as the primary data collection method gathers the data from first-hand sources. In primary data collection, the researcher has decided to select a questionnaire method. For this purpose, there will be a questionnaire set which will consist of 10 questions. Among the 10 questions, the first two questions will describe the demography of the respondents. The other eight questions will be relatable to the research topic. Through the research questions, the researcher will identify the condition of the mental health of Australian people, the reason behind their mental illness and will find out how much alcohol is responsible for the mental disease of the Australian youth generation. The formulated questionnaire will be distributed among the respondents after getting their permission to be a part of this research study and will be asked to answer the questions in order to gather the required information for their research.
Being a part of the youth generation, I have observed the mental health of Australian youths is not much in suitable condition because of excessive alcohol consumption. That is why I have selected this topic as my research study. I feel that the number of mentally sick people in Australian society is increasing day by day. Therefore, it is needed to find out the reason behind this as otherwise, It will be the cause of the destruction of Australian society. From several studies, It is almost clear that alcohol is one of the core reasons for the mental illness of youths in Australia. Through this research study, I will investigate the impact of alcohol on mental illness which will help the youths of Australia to understand how alcohol is leading them towards mental illness which cannot be cured easily.
This research proposal is prepared on the basis of the impact of alcohol on mental illness in Australia. For this purpose, I have focused on the young generation. Because studies prove that the young generation is the most sufferers of mental diseases as they take alcohol on a regular basis without maintaining the normal standard. The earlier section of this paper vividly defines the current situation of the mental health of Australian youths by taking alcohol excessively. Also, several reasons have been raised in the earlier discussion behind taking alcohol by the youth generation in Australia. This research study will proceed through qualitative research methods and the researcher has selected a probability data sampling method and primary data collection method to gather and measure the collected data.