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Reflection on Health of Aboriginal People: Assessment 2 Part A Answer

Select an ‘issue’ to critically reflect over

This can be something that has challenged/impacted your thinking.  For example, something that you heard in a lecture, read in the Module Student Workbooks or discussed during class activities (please refer to marking rubric in Leaning guide)


Describe the issue that you have chosen.  How has it impacted you and how has it impacted Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people? (reference).


How did you feel about the issue before you were exposed to the content/discussion in this unit?
How did you feel about the issue after you were exposed to the content/discussion in this unit?

 Critical         Evaluation

What was good/bad, why did you think this way?
How do you think you knew what you knew?
Was your response to the issue due to an experience or limited consideration/understanding? (reference)

 Analysis &  Conclusion

Have any historical, political, cultural and environmental factors that you have learnt about influenced your attitudes and beliefs about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples?  If so how? (reference).  
What conclusions have you reached?  What do you know now that you did not know before?

Action plan

What have you learnt about yourself, Aboriginal people and Australian society?  
Can you make a positive change?  
What else do you think you need to learn?



I am going to reflect on my knowledge and experience in improving the health of aboriginal people. Reflection is the practice of evaluating own experience and activities critically for identifying own strengths and weaknesses. Based on the outcome, an appropriate action plan can be developed for overcoming the shortcomings and growth in personal and professional life can be obtained (Gibbs1988). Here, I am going to reflect on my ideal and knowledge on the health condition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and the way their health can be improved. Therefore, the stages of Gibb’s reflective cycle are used for making the reflection systematic and appropriate. 


A critical issue raised during the lecture was the poor health of the indigenous people. The health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders or indigenous health refers to the cultural, social, emotional and physical wellbeing of native Australians. Numerous indigenous Australians have poorer health comparing to other Australian people (Eyland, 1996). They often die at a much earlier age. They are more prone to respiratory diseases, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, mental health issues and chronic kidney disease than that of non-indigenous Australians. Apart from that, there is a rapid high rate of incidences of certain diseases leading to conditions that are now almost unknown among the non-indigenous people. Such diseases include rheumatic heart disease and trachoma that is an eye infection caused by bacteria.

Further, the tobacco, alcohol and illegal substances also affect the life expectancy of the indigenous people negatively. Closing the Gap is an initiative taken by the government for improving the health and lives of the indigenous people. Many other health programs and actions are received by the government to provide the aboriginal people with improved access to healthcare services (Indigenous health, 2019).However, data on specific critical issues influencing young aboriginal people lack or missing. Some of the significant information gaps contain culturally appropriate data, which assesses treatment, the wellbeing of mental health conditions, information on sexual health in terms of using contraception, primary healthcare service and data of 10-14 years age group (Aihw, 2019).


Before learning about the issue in the lecture, I was unaware of the seriousness of the health issues of the aboriginal people. I felt that the government and NGOs are there for taking care of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.

As a human being, the poor health condition of the aboriginal people due to lack of awareness about the different disease and poor living condition encouraged me gaining in-depth knowledge into the matter. After being exposed to the discussion and content on the health issues of Australian indigenous people, I feel that more and more initiatives should have been taken much earlier for preventing the problem from making a big picture. After all, they are also an essential part of the society, and the overall development of the community is incomplete without improving the health and living condition of the native Australians.

Critical evaluation

After attending the lecture of the tutor, the food thing that I found about the situation is the effort made by the government and other agencies for tackling the case. However, there is much more to do for bringing an overall improvement in the health and living standard of these people. This data gap restricts the treatment and healthcare initiatives that need to be taken for improving the overall health of the Torres Strait Islanders.

I had very little knowledge about the issue of aboriginal people's health, and hence, my response was very casual toward it.  

Analysis and conclusion

Many factors contributed to the poor health condition of the aboriginal people. The cultural-political factors like education, income, employment, less access to healthcare services and so forth. Lack of knowledge of the indigenous people led to their lack of awareness on appropriate nutrition and different types of diseases that make their health even more miserable. Further, according to the 2001 census report, the gross household income for indigenous people was $364/week that is affected by the increasing remoteness (Theunitutor, 2019). Further, the environmental factors that influenced the health condition of the aboriginal people are water supply and treatment, food safety and access to healthy and affordable food, inadequate housing and sanitation, collection and disposal of rubbish and so on (Healthinfonet, 2019). 

It can be concluded that not only the consumption of alcohol and tobacco are the reason for the poor health of Aboriginal Australians. Environmental, political and cultural factors also play a significant role in this, which was unknown to me before attending the lecture.

Action plan

In future, I like to improve my knowledge about the health condition of the Torres Strait Islanders and what initiatives are taken by different agencies for spreading awareness and improving the health condition of these people. It will help me taking part in the health improvement of the aboriginal people. 

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