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Research on Medication that can Cause Obesity

ASSIGNMENT 8 

1. Conduct research on 3 of the types of medication that can cause obesity (Corticosteroids, Beta-blockers, Calcium channel blockers, Antipsychotic medications, Drugs that cause Metabolism changes) and write brief notes (approximately 2 paragraphs) on each. Include in your notes some of the medical conditions that might be treated by each drug. 2. Describe the implications of hypothyroidism on obesity. Write approximately 2 paragraphs. 3. Discuss two common surgical methods of reducing obesity in adults. You should include the advantages and disadvantages of each in your answer. 4. From your point of view, describe 3 situations where you would consider surgery to be an appropriate treatment, and 3 situations where you would not consider surgery to be an appropriate treatment.

Answer

Healthcare Question Answers

1.

  • Corticosteroid :

 Corticosteroid drugs are used for treating asthma, inflammations, allergy, and arthritis. Consumption of corticosteroids medicines for a long time can affect the metabolism system of the body which can increase the appetite and excess accumulation of fat. It also tends to deposit more water in the body and thus increase the chances of obesity (Arthritis Foundation, 2018)

  • Antipsychotic medication:

It can be used for treating mental illness like a hallucination, schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, and paranoia. It has been observed that at the initial stage for consumption of antipsychotic drugs can increase the body weight of the individuals. The drugs can cause obesity by stimulating the appetite. It has been isolated that the drugs can block the neurotransmitter and hamper the functional capabilities of the hypothalamus and accelerating the incident of obesity (Haddad, 2017)

  • Beta-blockers: 

The drugs can be used for controlling high blood pressure, cardiac arrest, glaucoma, migraines, and anxiety.  The old types of Beta blockers like metroprolol and atenalol can increase the fat deposition rate by slowing the metabolic rate of the body (Heart Rhythm Consultants, 2014).    

2.

Thyroid hormone can regulate thermogenesis and basal metabolism and play an important role in food oxidation, glucose, and lipid metabolism. Therefore, in hypothyroidism decrease the metabolic rate of the body and increase the body mass index this can increase the body weight. It has been clinically proven that hypothyroidism can significantly increase the body weight and create risk for obesity. Therefore, hypothyroidism is associated with alteration in body weight and composition along with body temperature, physical activity, and resting energy expenditure.       

Obesity and hyperthyroidism are considered as common clinical conditions which are linked together closely. It has been observed that the TSH level is generally high among obese individuals.  In details, increase free T3 and low free T4 has been observed among the obese. It can be assumed that the progressive accumulation of fat can increase TSH and fT3 levels (Sanyal and Raychaudhuri, 2016). However, it can be concluded that obesity can be a risk factor for hypothyroidism and hypothyroidism can precipitate obesity in individuals.  

3.

  • Gastric Bypass:

It is a surgical procedure in which the stomach is divided into two segments. One is small upper pouch and another is large lower pouch and then the small intestine is rearranged by the surgical attempt to connect with both pouches (ASMBS, 2018)

Advantages: it is a good process for excessive weight loss by restricting the amount food consumption and reducing the gut hormones secretions.  

Disadvantages: The surgical attempt can cause vitamin and mineral deficiency in individuals. It can cause long-term hospitalization due to the complexity of the surgery. 

  • Sleeve Gastrectomy 

In this surgical attempt, the stomach is reduced to approximately 15%of its original size. In this process, the removal of the large portion of the stomach is achieved. As a result, the stomach becomes a sleeve or tube-like structure after surgery (ASMBS, 2018).   

Advantages:  In this process restriction in food consumption can help in further weight loss. The process can be beneficial for quick weight loss and required less hospitalization time.   

Disadvantages: It is a nonreversible procedure can cause severe deficiency diseases and have severe complication rate. 

4.

The surgical intervention which can save the life of the individuals by preventing the life-threatening condition and disabilities is considered as basic surgery which is affordable, accessible, and safe. In some situation, surgical intervention becomes an essential treatment process. The situations are (ICes, 2018)-  

  • In case of severe post partum hemorrhage requires surgical intervention for securing the life of the individuals.
  • In case severe infections accumulation of water in the abdomen require a surgical procedure for drainage purpose.   
  • In case of certain fractures and dislocation needs surgical intervention. 

Therefore the surgical attempt cannot be accepted in case of-

  • Mild fractures which can be treated by pressure bandage and medicine.
  • Physiological complications which can be prevented or cured by the consumption of medicines and care. 
  • If the other options can solve the problem then the surgery can be avoided or practiced in the future.
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