Assessment 2: Research report
Details: This assessment consists of a 2000 word research report that includes a literature review, method description, results presentation and description, discussion and conclusion based on the course research topic and data collected during the semester. You will receive written feedback and a numerical grade within ten working days of submission through the University's Learning Management System (LMS). The feedback sheet/rubric will be available to you at the start of the course so that you can work towards specified standards.
Additional details: The report outlines the outcomes of a research project. You will work on a research project together in tutorials. The research is about SRAP1001 students’ understandings of and attitudes towards human rights.
This task involves writing a report based on the research data collected during tutorials, to build skills in collecting and analysing social research data, and understand some of the limitations of social research.
The report includes:
2. Literature review
8. Appendices (if any)
A template is provided on Moodle with details of what should be included in each section, with suggested word counts.
Note: The write-up of the methods and results should constitute the bulk of the final report. Even though you will be working on data collection and analysis in tutorials, the final report must be the work of individual students. You need to include at least 8 academic references (i.e. peer-reviewed journal articles, books, the course textbook, etc.) in your report. You must use Endnote for your referencing (as covered in the Tutorial in Week 4).
Please note your final word count at the start of the document (e.g. Words: 1,990).
SRAP1001 students’ understandings of and attitudes towards human rights
Human rights are the basic civil rights that is inherited and enjoyed by each and every individual irrespective of national boundary, region, ethnic origin, caste, language, gender or any other status of the person. Every individual has the benefit to enjoy human rights without any kind of discrimination. Human rights are essential as it prevents any kind of violation or abuse to the lesser privileged citizens from the powerful ones.
The main gaps identified in the literature is inadequate availability of data about the research topic and ineffective application of the theoretical knowledge in practical life of the citizens. Much said about the human rights in the schools and college curriculum but its actual implications lies in the fact that how well it is being followed. Nonetheless, various factors will be identified in below sections that affect the effectivity of the rights.
The research aims at identifying the issues prevalent among the Social Research and Policy (SRAP1001) class students’ attitude towards the human rights and the factors affecting their behavior. The study aims to understand the answer of the following questions:
Quantitative research will be followed in the study to conduct numerical data analysis, which is collected from large sample size.
2.0 Literature review 2.1 Concept and importance of human rights
All individuals on the earth are entitled to live with certain basic rights and privileges that empower the persons for dignified existence. Along with the variation in geographic territories and division of national boundaries, the people possess diverse cultural background. The scholar stated that the individuals demand complete acceptance of diversity of their culture throughout the world and thereby, request for collective betterment. Nonetheless, the rights of the citizens are exploited in many parts of the world by the powerful or influential citizens. To ensure dignified life to the population throughout the world, certain civil rights have been classified as human rights by the UN. It ensures basic safety and protection of the civilians.
The Social Research and Policy (SRAP1001) class students face various adversity while attempting to resolve human rights challenges. The behavior and the attitude of the pupils largely depend on their educational background, school curriculum and the experiences the persons had in their past. The schools in different nations, especially Australia incorporate information about human rights from a tender age and uptakes consultative approach in order to draft the lessons related to civil rights. The author further explained the educational background plays significant role in developing particular attitudes of the students towards human rights and its applications in real life. Moreover, the previous experiences faced by the individuals shape the attitude and mentality of the students against or for safeguarding human rights of the other persons.
There is inadequate availability of social research about the attitudes of the students towards human rights. Understanding of human rights and attitude towards it depends on the perceptions of the individuals and the measurement is subjective, consequently making the study of it difficult to comprehend. Therefore, minimal research work has been dome of the issue. Another major gap identified is ineffective application of the theoretical topics about civil rights in the real life. The major parts of the world have witnessed violation in human rights. Due to globalisation, many employees are travelling and settling world-wide for better job opportunity. However, the workers have encountered oppression or exploitation from the natives as the individuals are present in minority in that country.
3.0 Research Methods
This section would be interpreting the research techniques which would be utilised for addressing the research issues effectively.
The researcher would be utilising the Quantitative strategy for the specific study as it will be interpreting statistical analysis of data. Furthermore, it would account for accumulating data from huge population, thus alleviating any chances of bias as far the response of the participants is concerned. Additionally, the Quantitative data probes for data accuracy as it is statistically tested. Qualitative strategy is not chosen owing to its dependability on humanistic perceptions and subjected to researcher bias.
The researcher would be choosing the positivism philosophy as it accounts for logical reasoning of the information used through scientific enquiry. The descriptive research design would help in analysing the research issues in an in-depth manner and draw conclusive findings. The deductive approach would find its application by drawing implications of a top-bottom approach where pertinent data will be deduced from existing theories.
The researcher would be abiding by the rules and norms set under the data protection act for conducting the study in a proper manner. The respondents would be subjected to voluntary participating and stay immune from intervention of any external forces. Confidentiality of respondent’s personal information would be attained by keeping their data secured in a password encrypted computer. The information would be utilised for academic reasons only and the researcher would interpret the findings of the study without involving in any acts of bias and data manipulation.
The researcher would be conducting surveys with 20 social research and policy students regarding their attitude towards human rights. The Questionnaires would be formulated using the survey monkey tool which provides a wide array of options for designing questionnaires. The researcher would formulate open ended questions in regards to specific topic as it will clearly reflect upon the true feelings of the participants regarding their attitude towards human rights.
The researcher would send online surveying questionnaires to 20 Social research and policy students for getting an overview of their attitude towards human rights. Simple Random technique of Sampling would be considered as it will ensure the fact that every respondent participating have equal rights of being selected for participation.
The analytical procedure would be reflecting upon graphical presenting of data with the use of table and charts. The graphical presentation ensures easy understanding of the survey responses shared by the respondents.
In this part the researcher would be selecting two items from the data of 2018 human rights and interpret the finds of the study effectively.
Q1. How far do you agree that you hour basic necessities of life (food, safety, immune from persecution, educational rights and voting rights) are attained as per the provision of human rights?
|Options||No of respondents||Response %||Total Respondents|
From the above analysis, it could be stated that there is a mixed response regarding the fulfilment of the basic necessities of students under the human rights. Some sections of the respondents strongly agreed (25%) or agreed (15%) regarding their fulfilment of basic necessities. Nearly 25% of the respondents stayed neutral in their approach. This section of respondents must be having certain aspects of their necessities unfulfilled while others are addressed, therefore they preferred staying quiet. Some respondents also disagreed (30%) or strongly disagreed (5%) to the fact as they felt their basic necessities are not addressed under the human rights. On an overall note it could be stated that the basic necessities of life needs to be addressed under or else it could hamper the quality of living standards from the students perspective.
Q 2: How far do you agree that the right to freedom of opinion, religion and freedom from discrimination are addressed as per the provisional aspects of human rights?
|Options||No of respondents||Response%||Total Respondents|
The above table defines that majority of the respondents (35%) were neutral in their approach as far their exercising of freedom in opinion, religion and non-discriminatory approach is concerned. This might be because some section of the respondents might have freedom of opinion and religion while they are vulnerable towards discriminatory practices. Likewise, some respondents might have issue only with the religious freedom, but the others aspects were met. Some participants strongly disagreed (15%) or disagreed (25%) to the fact that they have the right of exercising freedom in the field of religion, non-discriminatory practices and opinion. Likewise, few section of the respondents felt that they can select religion and share opinion without any hindrance and usually keep themselves immune from discrimination.
After evaluating the data gathered, it is evident that quite a large number of individuals perceive that freedom of practicing religion or freedom of speech is not practiced according to the provisions. Moreover, analytical analysis revealed that the basic necessities were also curbed for certain sections of individuals. The evidence is supported by the secondary works cited in literature review, where gap was found between theoretical statements and actual practice.
The researcher could not conduct qualitative research as it was very difficult to access gate pass for interviewing the candidates. This is the major limitation of the study as the result would have been more accurate if both qualitative and quantitative aspects are being considered.
The study revealed that considerable amount of discrimination among the residents are done by various sectors of the society, who are either influential or in power. To combat the issue, it is recommended that severe legal action must be taken for discriminatory actions. Moreover, it is suggested that support helpline should be introduced for registering complaints of the individuals for incidents where freedom of speech or right to opinion is being curbed. Besides, the educational institutions must take active participation to eradicate discrimination, and promote equality in the diversity.
As minimal amount of research work has been conducted on the issue, it holds tremendous scope for future study. In addition, various countries should be focused for consideration to have in-depth knowledge about the discriminations in that nation and formulate strategies to resolve the issues.
The study focused on finding the attitudes of the SRAP students about human rights and its implications. Human rights are essential and basic privileges of the individuals that aim at giving decent life to the citizen. However, the secondary literature review highlighted that there are certain sections of people or community that are oppressed and exploited. Quantitative research using positivism philosophy revealed that many individuals perceive that the basic rights of life are not fulfilled as mentioned in the provision. Additionally, the persons even stated that certain citizens cannot freely express their thoughts or practice their religion. At last, after conducting the study, it was clearly evident that human rights provisions in theories are not practiced in realism by the society, thereby depriving some human beings of their frugal benefits of life.