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Stages Of Life and The Influence of Age in Health Care

Topic 2

Write a short (70-word) paragraph response for each question. This assignment is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

  1. Give examples of psychosocial factors that affect the health care professional and the effect those factors could have on patient education.
  2. Give examples of psychosocial factors that affect the patient and the effect those factors could have on patient education.
  3. Explain what is meant by personality styles and give examples of approaches that could be used to help the patient. Include self-perception as a factor.
  4. List the steps in adjustment to illness and how the patient copes with each step.
  5. Explain the health professional's role in teaching the patient at different life stages.
  6. Define the role of the family in patient education.
  7. How might the family influence the compliance of the patient and what measures can the health care professional use in communication with the family?

Stages of Life Essay and Interview                     

Details:

Write a 500-word essay on the Stages-of-Life and the influence of age in health care from a patient's perspective. Interview a friend or family member about that person's experiences with the health care system. You may develop your own list of questions.

Suggested questions:

  1. Do you feel that your stage-of-life had any effect on your interaction with health care professionals?
  2. Which areas of the hospital or clinic were most concerned with your well-being and feelings?
  3. Was your family with you during this hospital stay or outpatient visit?
  4. Was your family included in your treatment, such as post-procedure instructions?

Answer

Essay: Stages-Of-Life and the Influence of Age in Health Care from a Patient's Perspective

The lifecycle of a person includes five stages of life including infancy, childhood, youth, adulthood and old age. Different ages affect the interaction with the clinicians differently (Hayano et al. 2018). For example, the person, Mr Jones, who was interviewed, is of 68 years age suffering from prostate cancer. According to him, he had a better self-efficacy in interacting with the healthcare professionals regarding their needs as compared to the patients of 50-64 years and lower, who feel a bit hesitated to explain their problems properly to the doctor when it is related to sexual changes. Thus, life stages definitely affect the interaction quality with the clinicians. However, Newhouse et al. (2015) commented that it is the communication skill of the healthcare professionals can encourage people expressing their problems and concerns regarding their disease effectively.

Every patient expects a supportive and patient-centred environment including a homely atmosphere, personal space, access to outside areas, effective physical design and provision of amenities for leisure and recreation. A welcoming homely environment for care users and their families help to promote health and welfare (Bekelman et al. 2016). However, the person, who was interviewed, stated that although the hospital environment was supportive and homely, it lacks provision for necessary facilities such as access to outside. The hospital was clean and the clinical staffs were friendly while providing the patient and his family members necessary information. The professionals were attentive towards the health status for ensuring the effectiveness of the provided medication. Also, the nurses used to provide prompt services and respond quickly to a patient’s needs. 

The collaboration of family member with the patients during their hospital stay was very much focused that helped in providing them with mental strength that often leads to a positive health outcome. Patients often forget their stress of illness when they spend time with their friends and families during the stay (Glasby, 2017). Mr Jones’s son was always with him during his hospital stay to give him support and strength of fighting prostate cancer. He supported the patients throughout his stay in all manners such as by feeding him, helping him to stay clean and tidy, providing him medicines as per the doctor’s suggestion and so forth. At the old age, people need the support of family members more comparing to other stages of life. 

The son of Mr Jones was involved in his treatment procedure throughout even after his discharge. Involvement of family members in the treatment process and planning process of healthcare services facilitate healthcare professionals making informed decisions and implementing plan more effectively. His son provided all the previous test reports and medical history of Mr Jones to the doctors that helped them planning the treatment process more accurately that influenced quick recovery. Apart from that, Mr Jones’s son follows post-procedure instructions provided by the doctor strictly for ensuring health and safety of his father and helping him get back to his normal life. 

Appendix: Interview Questions

  1. Do you feel that your stage-of-life had any effect on your interaction with health care professionals?
  2. Which areas of the hospital or clinic were most concerned with your well-being and feelings?
  3. Was your family with you during this hospital stay or outpatient visit?
  4. Was your family included in your treatment, such as post-procedure instructions?
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