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Technology Implementation in Accounting and Finance

BUS707 - Applied Business Research

ASSESSMENT 2: Research Plan, short response -

This assessment is designed to allow students to develop the expertise necessary to formulate practical and usable research questions to resolve business problems and add to business knowledge, taking into consideration existing literature and any ethical considerations. It is the essential start to constructing and justifying a proposal for conducting independent research question. This assessment relates to Leaming Outcomes a, c and d. This research plan will set as a basis for Research Proposal in Assessment 4. Fallowing consultation with the lecturer or tutor, you should identify a problem which may be answered by research -you will be guided towards a suitable research problem in tutorials during weeks 2 5 (inclusive). Based on the problem identified, you should identify relevant sub­ problems, research questions, and provide a brief background to the research question, why it is an issue, and what outcomes the research may produce. Literature review plan data collection plan. A brief discussion of any ethical considerations should be included.

Given the importance of relevance to Accounting in BUS707, please note that the research topics must be accounting-based  topics. Some of the initial suggestions for the topics are:

Analysis of significant projecting the students ' work experiencessuch as:

Accounting standards

Accounting regulation in Australia

Accounting and/or Auditing ethics

Use of financial rations in corporate accounting

0  Multidimensional performance assessment, for example, using the balanced scorecard to evaluate performance on financial and non-financial bases

·The effect of accounting information and auditing on the design of organisation, and on the ensuing behaviour of individuals

  • Accountants and/or auditors' responsibilities and contributions toward corporate governance. 
  • Application of accounting and economic research to a specific. 

business problem i.e sustainability initiative

  • Forensic Accounting

·Technology implementation in accounting and finance

·Innovation in accounting and its impact to business

  • Impact of organisational culture on the procedure and technique of accounting

·Research based on cases reported by the courtsASIC, APRA, ASC

The research plan should addresses the following information:

  1. Suggested research title

2Partner organisation (if applicable)

3. Underlying research problem

4. Research Objectives

s. Research Questions

6. Literature (source and keywords)

7Data collection plan

8. Ethical Consideration

Data Collection Plan

Type of data needed (primary or secondary data)how will you collect your data ?

Ethical Consideration

List down the principal ethical consideration of your research in relation to participants (confidentiality, communication, integrity)

Client Organisation (if applicable)

Who is your industry partner

Research  Background

What specific problem does your industry partner face ?

OR if you don 't use industry partnerwhat specific

problem will your research project resolve and try to resolve

Why is it important to solve this problem

Research Problem I Research Question

Based on the underlying problem addressed above, what research questions will guide your reseach ?

Formulate more specific research questions

Research Aim and Objective

What does your research aim to explore/investigate/do ?

Keywords for Literature Review

Keywords : what keywords will you use in your search for relevant literature, which will then be the foundation of your literature review.

Publication details of relevant articles for literature review

Relevant articles: list down publication details of four relevant articles you will use as the main references in your literature review (assessment 3) Please note,forthe main articles you must only use academic(peer-reviewed) journalarticles.

Data Collection Plan

.Type of data needed (primary or secondary data), how

Answer

RESEARCH PLAN: TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION IN ACCOUNTING AND FINANCE

1. Research Background 

In recent times, for increasing the accountability, transparency and performance of the accounting and finance sectors, the technological interventions need to be focused in an intensified manner. However, it is evident that the actual basis of the accounting & finance managerial accounting is used in the basis of assets, liabilities and equity of funds. Therefore, it can be considered as the best practice internationally in accordance to principles and rules of NPM (New Public Management) that helps in promoting transparency and accountability of the accounting and finance management. On the other hand, it can be found that through associating the contemporary management accountant techniques, within this proposed accounting & finance management sector, through initiating major IT-based solutions the essential components can be deemed in a sequential manner. Based on the activity based costing, in accordance to the management of accounting changes, the entire purpose of this field can be fulfilled in an advanced way. Moreover, the artificial intelligence can be more effective within this management accounting systems towards delivering proper service to the customers from this proposed sector. 

Usage of the advanced technology within accounting has significantly helped in reinforcing usage of e-accounting based on computerized technologies towards providing administrative-purpose of the information according to the integration of the information system. On the other hand, towards increasing the functionality, improving accuracy, faster processing of accounting and finance in the different industrial sector, the technical implementation can help in shortening the time period off entire process. These trends of change can create a dynamic conversion within accounting and finance by having all-possible emerging opportunities and challenges.

2. Research problem 

In this context, the costing of implementing technological tools within accounting and finance is the first problem. However, relevant information and data are not found as this technology implementation process is still going on. 

It is evident that IT (Information technology) creates immense benefits within the accounting departments with the new and advanced technological interventions and systems in an intensified manner. In order to incorporate the financial statements based on the IT, budgetary data can be created within time. Moreover, annual records, financial reports, spreadsheets, and written records can be converted by using the new technological advancements.       

3. Research Question 

The research questions are as follows-

1. What are the advanced emerging technologies utilized in the accounting & finance sector? 

2. How can we interpret the security challenges and benefits originated by such emerging technologies such as data analytics, cloud computing, mobile technologies and big data? 

3. How the emerging technology involve within management accounting system? 

4. What are the relevant managerial implications? 

5. What is the significance of technological intervention in accounting and finance?

6. How technology can help towards increasing the level of personalized experience in accounting and finance the industrial sector in a competitive market? 

7. What are the relevant factors of technological intervention in accounting and finance industry? 

8. What recommendations can be provided for effective decision-making process within this accounting and finance sector? 

4. Research aim & objective 

4.1 Aim

The aim of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of modern advanced technologies within the accounting and finance industrial sector. 

4.2 Objectives 

In order to achieve the criteria of this research, the research objectives have major consequences.

  • To observe modern technological influence for reinforcing the decision-making process in the accounting and finance industrial sector
  • To overview the influence of technological tools on enabling personalized experience 
  • To identify relevant factors of technological intervention in accounting and finance industry 
  • To analyse effective recommendations towards technological advancements in the accounting and finance industry  

5. Literature review (Key words)

With the emerging trend of technological advancements, this research can be more helpful in re-busting the relevant ideas and understanding in this specific area of accounting and finance. 

Keywords 

Research Article NameKeywords
“The case of a newly implemented modern management accounting system in a multinational manufacturing company”.Corporate Governance, management accounting change
“Development of Accounting System according to information Technology”.Artificial intelligence
“The Link between Information Technology, Activity-based
Costing Implementation and Organizational Performance”
ABC (Activity based costing)
“The Effect of Human Resources Management Competency and the Role of Culture on Accrual Accounting Implementation Effectiveness and the Impact on Quality of Accounting Information”Accounting Information 


Publication details of relevant articles for Literature review 

Hidayah, N., & Zarkasyi, W. (2017). The effect of human resources management competency and the role of culture on accrual accounting implementation effectiveness and the impact on quality of accounting information. European Research Studies, 20(4), 183-199. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1999875295?accountid=188056

Slovene, L., & Gimzauskiene, E. (2014). DEVELOPMENT OF ACCOUNTING SYSTEM ACCORDING TO AN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. Review of Economic Studies and Research Virgil Madgearu, 7(2), 59-74. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1626534492?accountid=188056

Mahmood Al-Nuaimi, S. I., Mohamed, R., & Esmail Alekam, J. M. (2017). The link between information technology, activity-based costing implementation and organizational performance. International Review of Management and Marketing, 7(1) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1865226837?accountid=188056

Watts, D., Yapa, P. W. S., & Dellaportas, S. (2014). The case of a newly implemented modern management accounting system in a multinational manufacturing company. Australasian Accounting Business & Finance Journal, 8(2), 121-137. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1545870323?accountid=188056

6. Data collection plan 

In this research, data will be collected from secondary resources. In this context, different books, journals, research articles, websites, the newspaper will be used as the secondary resources. Apart from that the qualitative data are collected in this research for analyzing the research insights based on the research topic in a standardized way. Moreover, the research aims & objectives along with external and internal factors of research will also be fulfilled based on the gathered data and based on the data collection recommendation will be made in this research topic.   

7. Ethical consideration 

Due to the short tenure of this research, budget and data privacy can be considered as the main priority, which will be needed to overview while doing this research. Nevertheless, any type of misleading data and information based on technological advancements will need to avoid. As in this study, different ethical codes need to associate; it will need to collect from different secondary sources. Then in this context, copyright issues are raised as a major ethical consideration.   

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