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The Rate of Obesity Among Australian Adults

PUBH6008: Capstone A: Applied Research Project in Public Health

Learning Outcomes

This assessment addresses the following learning outcomes: 2. Integrate and apply their knowledge and skills in public health 3. Develop research skills and apply these to a public health issue 4. Conduct a small literature review which critically analyses key issues on a public health research topic 5. Define and justify a research question, based on the literature/public health issue, and outline its significance 7. Understand the principles of ethics and apply these to a research proposal

Instructions:

 Introductory background including a statement of the public health problem  Aims of your research, including the research question or hypothesis  A background literature review  A rationale/justification of your research question or hypothesis indicating the significance of the project (research merit)  Research design, methodology and methods  A description of the type of data being gathered and from which sources.  Justification of your study design, including your methodology, methods of sampling and data collection methods  How you plan to analyse the research  Ethical considerations  How you plan to communicate and disseminate the research  A list of references used


Answer

The rate of Obesity among Australian Adults

Background Literature Review 

Obesity or overweight is one of the significant health problems in Australia, and this generally results from the sustained energy imbalance among the people. According to (Obesity in Australia, 2018), almost 63% of the Australian Adult have the problem of Obesity, and the problem is rising rapidly within the country. It can be also seen from the view of (Veitch et al., 2016), that the prevalence of the severe obesity within the Australian adults have increased over It can be also noticed that the prevalence of the severe obesity within the Australian adults have improved over the years that in the year 1995 it was 5% which have grown to 9% in the year 2015.

According to (Foundation, 2018), obese people generally die 3-4 years earlier as compared to the healthy living people. This happens typically because obese people tend to attract numerous health issues like heart disease than other health problems. In the view of (Bennie et al., 2015), weight is the essential factor which provides the look of the healthy body. If the children or the adult then there is some problem with their body or hormones that the food and energy they consume get saturated within the organization and for that creates numerous health issues.

From the view of (Powell et al., 2015), it can be seen that the average Australian adults at the present era have obesity and one of the most significant factors is the lifestyle and food habit of the people. With the change in time people have become busy with their working life and for that, they have an irregular and improper diet system which is the root cause of obesity. In the words of (Jih et al., 2014), the obesity among the Australian people is considered to be 7% of the total health burden in the country. The obesity among the people has an enormous impact on the self-confidence level and other working activities of the people.  

From the view of (Poston et al., 2016), the obesity is generally measured with the help of BMI calculator that is the process where their height divides the weight of the human being. It is considered that a healthy person would have the BMI ranging from 18.50 – 24.99 and if the person has the BMI over 30, then they have obese. According to (Chan et al., 2017), the BMI calculation has segmented the obesity in three parts that are class I overweight, class II overweight and class III obese. Class III is the most severe case of obese and for that these people immediately need attention and to reduce their weight. 

As per (Creatore et al., 2016), food is a vital aspect that deals with obesity among human being. Food habit of the people have changed over the years and for that various disease have also evolved, and all these are highly connected with the obesity among the people. In the words of (Hardy et al., 2017), people from the different STATES OF Australia have almost the same obesity ratio because the entire country is having virtually the same food habit. It is the fact that people are facing severe problem due to their weight and food habit.

Research Design, methodology and methods 

The research will be done by quantitative design with the approach to get suitable and effective information regarding the obesity issue within the Australian adults. This is quantitative research, and for that, the appropriate method for the research paper is considered to be correlational design. In this process, the entire data has been collected from the secondary sources which provide a suitable and effective view regarding the various statistics on obesity. The data that are all provided within the secondary sources are being collected from the Public Health Information Development Unit of Australia (PHIDU, 2018)The PHIDU get their information by analysing the population of the country with the help of qualitative and the quantitative research process. The organisation have eventually developed their information by analysing the children and the adults according to their medical history and their obesity rate by gathering the large online survey especially in the medical conditions. These are the government data or information that provides an almost accurate view of the obesity problem that is being faced by the Australian people. These data are easily available on internet and government website, and anyone can access this information to have a clear view regarding the rate of obesity among the country (Renzaho, Bilal, & Marks, 2014). The sampling of the data is done according to the diverse state of Australia and their obesity rate within the country. All the statistics were studies, and the gathered effectively to get the most valuable and understanding view on the facts. 

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