University Fees For Higher Education

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Question :

GSM Distinctive Higher Education London
Code: EAPA3004

Q: Depict your academic writing skills by working on a English for Academic Purposes Portfolio.

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Answer :

  1. Find a text on university fees in the country of your choice   and paste it below, in part 1. Then, read the two texts and  highlight the main points.
PART    1:                                                                                                            
Text 1:
University fees in England
Text 2 (paste your text  below):
University tuition fees in England will rise to    £9,250 per year from 2017 and the increase could apply to students who have    already started courses. The inflation-linked rise represents a 2.8% increase and if that    continued would mean fees rising above £10,000 in the next few years.  Universities face the dilemma that under    consumer protection requirements they will need to announce the £9,250 fee before the    beginning of the next application cycle in early September. However,    until formally changed by Parliament, universities are not allowed to charge    a fee higher than £9,000, which is the current limit.

The government says the    increase can apply to students who have already begun courses - but this    will depend on the terms of student contracts in individual    universities.  The fees will increase    in subsequent years. Royal    Holloway and the University of Kent have to still to decide on whether to    charge higher fees for current students, but expect to apply them to new    students starting in 2017, if the fee limit increase goes ahead. The    University of Surrey will not increase fees for its current undergraduates,    but fees will increase each year for students starting in 2017.

Universities minister Jo    Johnson has published a statement setting out plans to link higher fees to    better teaching. Liberal Democrat university spokeswoman Baroness Lorely Burt said: "Linking    fees to teaching quality in this way is unacceptable. Enabling any    university that scrapes a 'meet expectations' rating to increase fees by    2.8% shows that this isn't about teaching quality at all. If    universities need further support then let's have a proper discussion about    where that money comes from, rather than pretending that this is somehow a    quid pro quo for providing the quality of teaching students should already    be able to expect". Sir Peter Lampl, chairman of the Sutton Trust    education charity, said the fee increase will add to student debts that we    have shown to be by far the highest in the English-speaking world. A real concern is that the    removal of maintenance grants will almost certainly deter poorer students,    who now face debts of over £50,000 on graduation”.

From: Coughlan, S. (2017).    University tuition fees rise to £9,250 for current students –BBC News.    [online] BBC News. Available at:    [Accessed 19 Jan. 2017].
From   autumn next year, international students will pay €1,500 per semester as part   of a bid to reduce Germany’s €48m higher education deficit
Students from outside the European Union will soon have   to pay to attend universities in south-west Germany, where until now,   courses have been free.
Tuition fees were scrapped in Baden-Württemberg   state in 2011, and universities became free from cost in all German states   by 2014.
But despite promising   not to introduce general fees earlier this year, the Baden-Württemberg state government has announced the   reintroduction of tuition fees to international students from autumn 2017.
The change comes as part of efforts to reduce debt in the country,   with the higher education ministry admitting it can no longer afford to   provide free education to all.
Once Britain leaves the   EU, UK students taking up places in a number of German institutions,   including the University of Stuttgart and the University of Heidelberg, will   be required to pay fees of €1,500 (£1,256) per semester.
For a second degree,   students will be asked to pay a reduced fee of €650 (£544) per semester.
It is believed this cost could be extended across the rest of Germany   in the coming years.
A spokeswoman from the University of   Konstanz told The Independent: “While the Baden-Württemberg   Ministry of Education and Research has to do its part in reducing costs, it   also wants to avoid drastically damaging the reputation and growth of science   and research at state universities along with their high student   numbers.” 
he explained: “The   coalition agreement between the ruling Grünen (Green) and CDU (Christian   Democratic Union) parties in the state of Baden-Württemberg prohibits general   tuition fees at universities.”
According to Germany’s   higher education minister, the department must fill a funding gap of around   €48m (£40.2m) next year. 

2.Make some notes of the most  important points, using your own words, in part 2 below.

PART      2:
Notes (Text 1):Notes (Text 2):
  • In UK university fees   for higher education increased subsequently.
  • Removal of   maintenance grant is necessary in order to decrease the cost or fees of the   higher education.
  • Higher educational   fees does not indicate higher educational quality.
  • High quality   education depends of resources.

  • Germany, however, is   not free of angst over its own higher education system.
  • Compared to Britain,   German universities appear less autonomous and less well funded but more   equal to one another.
  • They perform less   well in the global league tables but this is largely a reflection of the   amount of world-class research undertaken in non-teaching research   institutions rather than an obvious sign of weakness.  

  1. Answer the question in  part 3 below, using your notes.
What are     the similarities and differences between universities in England and……germany…………………….in    relation to tuition fees? Why are they important?
Universities in England and Germany differs in   their structure of fees. As educational systems of Europe they have some   similar traits but the differences are stark. The differences can be summed   up as following:
  • In 2010 Germany   decided to abolish the tuition fees in the arena of higher education while   England increased it gradually.
  • The universities in   Germany are state owned or aided by the State financially but in UK   universities are mostly independent institutions.
  • Great majority of   funding for higher education in Germany is provided by the public sources. In   UK it is not majorly dependent upon the public sources.
As   far as Germany and UK are concerned the fee structure of the universities   differ largely from one another and it does not have any similarity. The   major reason for such difference is the decision of German government of   abolishing the tution fees from the higher education where as UK is one of   the countries which charges high university fees as most of the universities   in the country is private. It is important to understand the key factors that   create such disparity in the education system. The fees structure of the   universities of a country depends on the economic condition of the country.