Wellness is an active process that helps a person to become aware and make choices in context of health and fulfilling of the life needs. Wellness impacts more towards being free from illness and is considered as a dynamic process of growth and change. On the other hand Wellbeing is a general term which is used to consider the condition of an individual or a group. In this context, the following study will elaborate about the concept of wellness and wellbeing along with its impact on the child’s attainment of wellness. Incorporation of impacts regarding media aspects and factors that can be used in health model perspective will be illustrated in the following points. Discussion will also be made on the strategies required for early childhood improvements of child’s wellness and wellbeing and support of the families towards improving the wellness and wellbeing.
1. Definition of the concepts of wellness and wellbeing
Definition of Wellness: Wellness is considered as the process of becoming aware and taking necessary choices towards healthy and fun life. It makes it easy to be free from illness and helps in growing (Burns & Davies, 2015). It is a state of complete mental, social and physical wellbeing. The concept consists of seven dimensions which makes it suitable for an individual to perform accordingly. The dimensions and its suitability will be illustrated in the following points:
Figure 1: Dimensions of Wellness
Definition of Wellbeing: Wellbeing in general is said to be as the condition of an individual or group through which the performance that are being done will be for the maintenance of the people. High level of wellbeing will acquire the means of some sense that individuals or group will require (Mankin, von der Embse, Renshaw & Ryan, 2018). In this context the process is defined into three perspectives including absence of negative conditions, attainment of positive processes and pursuing towards the satisfaction of life. These three perspectives consists of six domains which includes:
Figure 2: Domains of Wellbeing
2. Discuss on three factors that can influence a child’s attainment of wellness
Discussion on the factors chosen using some of the health model perspectives and health related theories
Health of the Child Development for Set a Stage of Proper Security and Attachment:
A child wants the attachment of love in matter of security. A child who can get the proper security and attachment from parents he/she can explore the environment much faster in comparing to others. They can feel confident in order to compete with new challenges. It also makes them to be a self motivator.
Goodness as Matters of Fitness: The adaptability of a child depends upon the inborn quality and some biological traits. These indicate the child’s natural strengths and weaknesses that whether they are surrounded by proper care giving strategies (Sher, 2015). In matter of wellbeing the strategy transform the environment more supportive and unique about the treatment of the child.
Play as Learning Factors of a Child: Play is like a therapy to development the child’s growth of brain. It can help a child to socially attach. Playing provides a positive energy to support a child emotionally, physically, mentally and cognitively. It also helps to increase the scope of learning in terms of maintain the wellness of a child. It is very helpful for a child to enhance the overall development of child nature.
Model of Health Belief: In 1966 Irwin Rosenstock was developed a model which is called the Health Belief Model commonly known as HBM model. The model has been identified as one of the most effective and influential model for promoting health wellness. In this model it has been described through four factors. 1) Perception of susceptibility- the risk assessment of a person for getting the conditions as contrasted with the statistical risk, 2) Perception of severity- the conditions and the possible consequences of the risks, 3) Perception of barriers - barriers including side effects, time gap, inconvenience which are interrupting in adoption of behaviour and 4) Perception of adhering the cost (Roncaglia, 2017). This model has been used to ascertain the effectiveness of general health behaviour and positive health behaviour.
Planned Behaviour Theory: In the year of 1985 Ajzen introduced a theory in extend of the Reasoned action and development theory named as Theory of Planned Behaviour, shortly known as TPB model. In this model the concept of the planned behaviour of a human being came from self efficiency. It is used when people have no conscious control in their action of behaviour. The lack of control over the actions of human behavior is the main focus point of this model. Ajzen determined that self efficiency was a major factor to evaluate the activity and self consciousness of a person.
Incorporation of discussion regarding the impact of media aspects related to health issues
There are several studies are there which incorporate the influence of social media which can have an impact on health issues. It influences the health hazards in order to maintain the wellness of human life.
Addiction of social media can generate the negative side effects in human body. Excessive use of social media can create problems such as, eye strain, lack of sleep and many more. Stress is a general issue which can reflect the negative impact in human health directly (Lawrence, Kaplan & Collard, 2018). In accordance to the health of child wellness, social media can create an obstacle against the growth of the child’s brain. It hampers the emotional connection of a child with their parents. Nowadays addiction of social media is a major phenomenon. Social media can generate positive connection but it also hampers the lifespan of a human being. Social isolation can decrease the quality of human life.
Consideration on the issues of equity
There are many children who do not reach the full health and development potential. Disparities may develop no matter how fluently care is being taken. This disparity may arise from social and environmental issues which are not perfectly taken care of and according to the principles. In context of integrating the principles child health equity would require rights for children, human capital and social justice (Drummond & Cox, 2016). In this context, children marginalised through socioeconomic, social exclusion and discrimination may result to following disparities:
Living in poverty
Racial minority groups
Affected drug and alcohol abuse
Living with quarrelling and violence
The factor that had been elaborated will marginalise the social exclusion and poverty. Children who experience different risk factors may lead up to rights ignored. Child health equity may be conceptualised under this policy which is composed under the elements provided. This can be operated under tools, skills and strategies that will help in promoting performances and lead up the performance accordingly.
3. Discussion on the strategies early childhood programmes that can implement to support families towards improving their child’s wellness and wellbeing in relation to the issues selected
Good health and wellbeing in context of children may link with information and programmes that will help in providing details regarding the ways through which positive performance can be maintained at physical levels and manage the challenges in raising healthy children. In this context the strategies that would need to be kept in mind are as follows:
As per, the above illustration of the wellness and wellbeing provided with effective concepts regarding wellbeing and wellness. The research effectively illustrated about the factors that had influenced child’s attainment of wellness. Issues developed from the factors had also been illustrated along with issues regarding equity as this will help in providing effective information on the things needed by the people in order to take care of the children. Discussion on the strategies of early childhood had been performed through supportive families and improving wellness and wellbeing.