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What is Emirati Parents' Perspectives on The Use of Pone and Tablets by Their Children in The Age Range Between 0-10 Years?

University: RMIT University

Ques:  What is Emirati parents' perspectives on the use of phone and tablets by their children in the age ange between 0-10 years?

Answer

Abstract

The corresponding study is supposed to evaluate the opinions of Emirati parents regarding their opinions about their use of mobile, tablets and identical electronic appliances. On that note, a semi-structured interview has been organized in order to derive opinions and after the deciphering their intent it is supposed to be processed and projected in terms of cumulative opinions. Moreover, the study caters the moral obligation to introduce the counter statement of the prevalent one in order to patronize the positive aspects of the use of such electronic devices. 


Introduction

The children goes through a rapid development process in the tender times up to 10 years of age whereas the excessive usage of the technological gadgets like tablets and phones by the children of 0-10 of ages has incurred a tension among the Emirati parents about proper development. This particular report focuses on the development process of Emirati children along with the hindrances caused by the mobiles and tablets.


Importance of the problem:

This research is very much important in order to generate understanding of the different process for diminishing the use of mobile phones and tablets of the Emirati children. This problem is gradually increasing and this is creating sheer prevention for the Emirati children to obtain and go through social and cognitive development. Apart from that, the children are becoming the victim of physical and mental damages due to limitless use of the mobile devices in the sprouting age of development. This problem is causing diversion of the mind of children to affect the social and educational upbringing for their addiction towards the virtual world rather than the reality itself. The Emirati parents have suggested that the children are not knowing anything about the society for lack of interest that is disconnecting them from reality(Van den Bulck, 2007). Thus, this problem is very important as it denotes the future of those children that is unanimous with the future of the country. This problem is worth to be investigated properly to find appropriate solutions for the Emirati children.


Review of relevant scholarship:

The existing literature about the lack of social and cognitive development of the children have focused intensely on their loss of interest in real world for the lucrative addition of the virtual world. In the review of the existing literature, some important features have been found out that are not yet considered as viable prospects in the studies. The previous studies did not pay any heed particularly to the problems in the education system caused by lack of development of the children for their addiction towards the mobile phones. The existing studies upon this topic has generated a gap that is focused through this study in order to generate more in-depth knowledge to find proper solution. The majority of existing researches has not depicted the analysis from a point of view of parents as this study is related to that literature review concern to provide the knowledge with a new perspective(Ziani, 2015). The literature review part also have not produced any recommendation as that part has only focused on different problems, challenges and their impacts but no suggestion was provided.


Research questions, objectives and hypothesis

The research objectives are:

  • To know the perspective of Emirati parents on the use of mobile phones and tablets by their children between 0-10 years old
  • To identify the challengesfaced by the education system and society of the country, especially the parents for the extreme use of mobile phones by the children
  • To evaluate the extreme use of mobile phones and tablets by the children that is affecting their upbringing
  • To elucidate the impact of easy access of internet of the Emirati children
  • To investigate the recommendations prevent this addiction towards mobile phones to foster proper development


The research question are:

  • What is the perspective of Emirati parents on the use of mobile phones and tablets by their children between 0-10 years old?
  • What are the challenges faced by the education system and society of the country, especially the parents for the extreme use of mobile phones by the children?
  • How are the extreme use of mobile phones and tablets by the children affecting their upbringing?
  • How is the easy access to internet influencing the Emirati children?
  • What can be done to prevent this addiction towards mobile phones to foster proper development?


The research hypothesis are:

H0: The Emirati parents have the negative point of view in allowing their children, aged between 0-10 years old, to use the mobile phones and tablets.

H1: The Emirati parents think it is necessary to allow their children for using the mobile phones and tablets.


Relation between research questions and research design

The research questions are pivotal part in determining the type of research design to be undertaken. In every research process, the research design ought to be driven by the research questions to maintain compatibility. There is no other way around as there cannot be any influence of the research design on the research questions. This vice versa can incur limitation for the researcher to determine research questions. The opted spectrum of knowledge generated through the research questions help in formulating the methods to be applied for carrying out the research that can provide with the answers of those research questions(Naeem, 2015). The combination of clean and focuses questions can procure appropriate research design whereas the intensely specific questions can generate obligation to choose a particular research deign. Some questions are ambiguous enough to be fulfilled by different research designs. In order to ensure the proper answer of the research question, the researcher ought to select the proper design to find ease.


Method

Participant description including eligibility and exclusion criteria

The participants hail from every demographic sector of the Emirati society. The candidates for response in the survey are selected from all the possible groups of income group, cast, creed and cultural belief. There is not any exclusion criteria for the selection as the respondents are selected in random order to eradicate every provision of partiality or biased responses(Master, 2016). In order to analyse the eligibility, the candidates are selected based on their parentship of the students of the selected four schools of Emirates. The four principles are selected for interview to gain appropriate knowledge from the perspective of education system and providers about the problem of research.


Determination of sample size and obtained sampling procedure

The sample size was determined through evaluating the convenience of the research in compatibility with the available resources and time for the survey and interview process. Apart from that, the stratified sample size is taken to encompass diverse respondents within the process along with ensuring the timely completion of the research(Mascheroni, 2014). The researcher has used simple random probability survey in order to collect quantitative data whereas interview was undertaken in order to collect the qualitative information. The researcher has user mixed data collection method to equally focus on the collection of both quantitative and qualitative data to procure an overall knowledge for deducing the recommendations and solutions. The simple random sampling is used to acknowledge the diverse responses of parents of different background without any partial interceptions.


Intended sample size and actual sample size

The intended sample size and the actual sample size are complete same as the researcher has beautifully managed to obtain the cooperation of the respondents to foster this research process. In the initial stage of research proposal, the researcher intended to take principles of four eminent schools and a prolific interaction skill has helped in obtaining the desired response. On the other hand, twenty parents from each of four schools were about to be taken as respondents whereas the survey process has managed to fulfil this intention too with proficient skills.


Research instrument and its use

The researcher has used sample questionnaire as the research instrument in both the data collection process for qualitative and quantitative data. The researcher has used sample questionnaire for collecting quantitative data from the parents through offline survey mode as there are sheer chances of failure through online survey as those schools do not have any digital provision to make a poll(Hyder, 2016). The questionnaire for the survey comprised ten questions with a set of options for each as this close ended questions helped in collecting adequate data. On the other hand, the interview process was done with the help of open ended question that was provided to the principles through a direct or offline interview session. 


Meeting the ethical standard

The researcher has aptly maintained the ethical standards throughout the research as the collected data has not been used in any commercial purpose and the collected data is only used for academic purpose and for the betterment of development through solving the addiction to mobile phones. Apart from that, the researcher has solemnly maintained the guidelines of the Data Protection Act in order to maintain the confidentiality of the information of therespondents(Glasmeier, 2015).The researcher has also pivotally ensured that the questions do not hurt any feelings of the respondents.


Result

Total number of participants and dates of data collection

In order to collect primary knowledge, four Emirati school are chosen and twenty parents from each school are considered as final respondents that makes a total number of 80 respondents for the research. Apart from that, the principals of those four schools are also interviewed to obtain sustainable qualitative data. The data collection process has been done in two months as the survey took one month and the four interviews took another month to acknowledge and perpetrate properly.


Information concerning problem and impact of data distribution of findings

The process of data distribution has immense effect on the findings as a little mistake or manipulation of the data distribution can make the finding invalid or incomplete that will lose the credibility within a month(Badri, 2017). The acute information from the findings are selected that can provide ample knowledge about the research problem.


Qualitative data analysis

Question 1: How much cooperative are the parents to educate their children about damages caused by excessive mobile usage?

As per the first principle, the parents do indulge their children to get accustomed with the mobile phones and tablets to push the hard in the race of globalization and competition. He also added that, some parents even think it as safer and prosperous to involve their children in virtual world to keep safe from the danger of real world.

As per the second principle, some parents really are empathetic and concerned about the hindrances caused by the virtual addiction in the process of development. The parents even request the school for helping them to enhance awareness among the children about this problem.

 As per the third principle, the parents are neither cooperative nor ignorant about this problem. The parents attend the meetings to talk over this problem and show their concern but there is not any outcome of it. The principle made a perception that the busy life of parents are causing them to spend times with children and that is pushing the children more to virtual world as the parents do not even get enough time to help the children.

As per the fourth principle, there students are completely aware of the harmful aspects of the virtual world and they get complete support of the parents to educate their children about the spontaneous process of development through team games and socialization.


Question 2: What challenge do you face in your school for this trend?

The first principle said that the teachers find it hard to draw the attention and concentration of the children over the studies. Other than that, this create challenge in helping the students to create a mental relation or attachment with the real world perspectives.

As per the second principle, they face limited challenge in the classroom environment to collaborate all the students altogether. Apart from that, the teachers also feel process of miscommunication with the students for their lack of cognitive development due to detachment from the real world.

As per the third principle, the face tremendous challenges to identify the learning needs and preferences of the students. The vaulting ambition caused by virtual world addiction enhances the unpredictability among the students to incorporate their activity in classroom development.

As per the fourth principle, they do not face any challenges for this problem as their students are concerned about overall development and this helps teachers to make collaborative venture to foster development of students through educational activities and teamwork.


Question 3: What steps do you intend to take to find a solution?

As per the first principle, the school focuses on AV presentation and other lucrative teaching methods to connect with the students. Apart from that, they try to generate campaigns about the issues related with problems for excessive addiction for mobile phones.

As per the second principle, the focus more on team games and alternative cultural activities to deviate the children from the addiction of mobile phones. The team games and the activities like quiz and debate can be effective to nullify the addiction to virtual world.

As per the third principle, they foster counselling process in the school with students to know their point of choice for virtual world. The school also takes help from psychotherapists to drive the children back to normal life for proper development.

As per the fourth principle, the school procures a sense of family through interjecting in the children to influence them to socialize with people more and indulge in outdoor activities for procuring proper development. 


Quantitative Result description

Question 1: What is your gender?

Options
Total   Respondents 
Response   frequency
Response   percentage
Male
80
40
50
Female
80
40
50


Result: As per the responses collected from the respondents, there are equal number of male female ratio as both are involved in the survey with 50% each.


Question 2: What is the age of your child?


Options
Total   Respondents 
Response   frequency
Response   percentage
1-3
80
10
12.5
4-7
80
30
37.5
8-10
80
40
50


Result: In response to this question, 12.5% of the respondents stated that there child are from the age group of 1 to 3. On the other hand, 37.5% respondents stated that there children belong from 4 to 7 years whereas 50% of the respondents stated that their child are from the age group of 8 to 10.


Question 3:Do your son/daughter have a mobile phone or tablet?


Options
Total   Respondents 
Response   frequency
Response   percentage
Yes
80
60
75
No
80
20
25


Result: This is an important question in support of the survey as 75% of the respondents stated that their son or daughter does have a mobile phone or a tablet. On the other hand, only 25% of the respondents described that there son or daughter does not have any mobile phone or tablet.


Question 4: What negative effect do you see in your child as a side effect?


Options
Total   Respondents 
Response   frequency
Response   percentage
Introvert
80
10
12.5
Anger
80
30
37.5
Rudeness
80
30
37.5
Indifferent
80
10
12.5


Result:In response to this question, 37.5% of the respondents each stated that their child shows anger and rudeness as a side effect for their over addiction to mobile phones. On the other hand, 12.5% respondents each has voted for indifference and introvert as the side effect in their children.


Question 5: How much effective do you think the mobile phones to ruin the education of your children?


Options
Total   Respondents 
Response   frequency
Response   percentage
Very effective
80
40
50
Effective
80
20
25
Moderate
80
0
0
Not effective
80
20
25


Result: In this question, 50% of the respondents have voted for very effective as they think it very bad to ruin the education of the children. On the other hand, 25% respondents each have voted for effective and not effective. None has voted for moderate though.


Question 6: How much disruptive are the mobile phones and tablets for the upbringing of the children?


Options
Total   Respondents 
Response   frequency
Response   percentage
Very disruptive
80
50
62.5
Disruptive
80
20
25
Moderate
80
0
0
Not disruptive
80
10
12.5


Result:In this question, 62.5% respondents have stated that the mobile phones are very disruptive to ruin the upbringing of the children. On the other hand, 25% people have stated it as disruptive whereas 12.5% people has stated it as not disruptive at all. No respondent has voted for moderate yet.


Question 7: What do you prefer to do for deviating your child from the addiction of mobile phones?


Options
Total   Respondents 
Response   frequency
Response   percentage
Football
80
50
62.5
Swimming class
80
10
12.5
Other cultural activities
80
10
12.5
Music
80
10
12.5


Result: In response to this question, 62.5% have voted for football to deviate the addicted children from mobile phones and tablets. Apart from that, the other three options were voted for 12.5% people each for swimming class, other cultural activities and music.


Question 8: Why do you allow your child to use a mobile phone or tablet?


Options
Total   Respondents 
Response   frequency
Response   percentage
For smartness
80
50
62.5
For social awareness
80
0
0
For competitive advantage
80
30
37.5
Do not know
80
0
0


Result: In response to this question, almost 62.5% people have stated that they provide mobile phones to their child to make them smart. On the other hand, the rest 37.5% respondents have agreed with the option of competitive advantage as the cause to provide their children with mobile phones.


Question 9: How much are you concerned about the negative impact of mobile phones on your child?


Options
Total   Respondents 
Response   frequency
Response   percentage
Very concerned
80
50
62.5
Limited concerned
80
10
12.5
Moderate
80
0
0
Not concerned
80
20
25


Result: In response to this question, 62.5% respondents have agreed as very concerned about the negative impact of mobile phones for the children. On the other hand, 25% of the respondents have voted for not concerned at all about the impacts and 12.5% people are limited concerned.


Question 10:

Are you going to cooperate the schools and social institutions to control the addiction of children from smart phones for proper cognitive development?

Options
Total   Respondents 
Response   frequency
Response   percentage
Yes
80
50
62.5
No
80
30
37.5


Result: In response to this question, 62.5% respondents have agreed to cooperate for finding a solution on the other hand, 38% respondent voted that they will not cooperatein this context with anyone. They better seem it as their personal concern as they will not collaborate with either school or the government authorities to make a solution.


Discussion

Statement for the research questions

In the initial question, the researcher wishes to identify the proclivity of the respondents or their wards and their association with such kind of electronic devices in terms of their maturity. However, it is very natural that the gender of the respondents is essential to obtain due to the fact that portrays the cumulative inclination regarding the research questions. Moreover, the researcher desires to extract the proportion of awareness that the potential respondents pertain in terms of rudimentary knowledge. It is equally imperative for the research to have a peck of the awareness that the potential respondents pertain regarding the ill effects of excessive uses of such kind of electronic devices. The researcher altogether seeks to justify his enquiry with the awareness of the extent and the mode following which they might harm their wards.


Similarities and differences between result of the previous works

It pertain certain traces where it own considerable resemblance regarding the pertinent literature that backed the recurring enquiry. Furthermore, it is also imperative to mention over here that the study simultaneously posses several disparities regarding the prevalent literature. In some notions, the responses of the respondents appear to resonate with the prevalent simulations where they agree to acknowledge the ill side of using such electronic devices and it being one of the major amenities. On the other hand, the majority of the respondents happen to accredit the positive side as well where it enhances the access of information while the previous works does not seem to do that except blabbering over the adverse effects only. 


Threats to internal validity

However, the researcher seeks the permit in terms of the ethical consideration that they would not divulge the facts discussed over the interview session for any of their own didactic purposes but the doubt regarding the authenticity of the transmitted opinions appear to be reasonable in this regard. Moreover, it is difficult for the researcher decipher the original intent embedded in the spontaneous remarks of the respondent as it might harm the entire pursuit of the research. 


Limitations and weakness of the study

The study wish to reflect the cumulative apprehension of the Emirati parents on the excessive use of mobile phones by their wards. In order to maintain the decorum of academic pursuits the potent individual simulations might be trimmed of from the paradigm of discussion. Moreover, the study itself urge for simulations, which need to be framed upon tangible opinions. The major weakness that the underlying study pertains is that the outcomes are completely robust and does not allow any pragmatism to encompass the discourse towards an elevated level. These are the issues that might be posed as the potential hindrances regarding the study to pursue.   


External validity of the findings

Since most of the apprehensions have been acquired conducting individual discussions with the potential respondents, the researcher was not that much bothered about the external validity of it. However, as the recurring outcomes are prone to suggest something similar to the prevalent or spontaneous, it will obviously find external validity.  


Future implications

The cumulative simulations that have been evoked here is something that is pretty expected as those appear to patronize the archaic apprehensions regarding the excessive use of mobile phones, tablets and identical electronic devices. The moot moral objective that this study pursues is to glorify the positive aspects of the use of such devices as agents of information.


Conclusion and recommendation

As per the discussions of the recurring study, it can be concluded that most of the apprehensions are directing towards the disruptive nature of such kind of electronic devices from their partial awareness regarding mobile phones and tablets. Moreover, the cumulative opinions happen to seem as a subverted analogue of the disclaimer that we are prone to see hung before the complaint box of any organization. It needs to be addressed over here that most of the pertinent literature in this regard appears to act sissy while complaining constantly over the cliché nuances of the use of mobile phones. What, in this regard, they lack significantly is the possibility of them as a prospective device in this advent of technological expertise. 


Moreover, the can provide concrete evidences that might prove its importance regarding the massive unstructured strata of information. On the verge of such apprehension, it might be concluded that the global perspective that appear destined to demean the mobile phones and tablets, as a potential contaminant of the expected decorum needs to obtain the perspective their wards is doing nothing but enjoying their right to information as the immediate device promises about enhanced accessibility. The mobile phones, tablets have been able to elevate the status of the appliances to such a level that they might be considered as the tiny analogues of the search engines while being an integral component of the modern statement. 


As most of the lauded articles of these field is supposed to vindicate the archaic concepts of excessive use of mobile phones, this research study suite is supposed to be served as the counter statement of those established articles since it desires to simulate of something different and simultaneously been able to provide reliable and concrete evidence that might alter the prevalent yet obsolete opinions regarding this.   



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