WHO Principles And Public Health Assessment Answer

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Question :

  • choose one from the 4 Strategic Outcomes
  • Relate it to a public health issue in Australia
  • evaluate how your chosen Strategic outcome aligns with all of the WHO's five core principles- equity, universal access to health care, community participation, intersectoral collaboration and appropriate use of resources).
    You can find a reference to the WHO core principles in my post above, or use the journal article in module 2 titled 'The 2018 Astana Declaration on Primary health Cate, is it useful?' You will find the core principles listed on the first page, about 100 words down.
    Note: the 5 core principles can be expanded, and that is what is in your module 1 readings- see my post above. You can choose either version of the principles. Personally, I'd stick to the succinct version, which I've listed here.
    The National Primary Health Care Strategic Framework outlines four key 'Strategic outcomes':'
    "The Framework will prioritise action toward the following four strategic outcomes, which have been identified as requiring concerted focus: 
    • Build a consumer-focused integrated primary health care system; 
    • Improve access and reduce inequity; 
    • Increase the focus on health promotion and prevention, screening and early intervention; and
     • Improve quality, safety, performance and accountability" (Commonwealth of Australia, 2013:13).
    Build a consumer-focused integrated primary health care system
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Answer :

WHO Principles and Public Health


Through this assignment, the goal is to focus on the primary health care that can help set an essential health care system. It is also important to focus on the public health issue in Australia ad would integrate the universally accessible principles. At the same time, it is important for the application of the rules over the individuals and families that could result in adherence by the community and it would be acceptable to them. To ensure, that the WHO principles are followed, it is important to understand the four strategic outcomes and also make full participation which would be beneficial for the community and would be helpful to reduce the cost of the community and country to bear. At the same time, while adhering to the WHO principles and ensuring the outcomes by adhering to the strategic outcomes, that would be beneficial to afford (Day, 2013). This entire framework would be an integral part of the country's health system that could be systematically be followed and be a nucleus for the overall social and economic development of the Australian community.

Four Strategic Outcomes

The Framework that has focused n the strategic four outcomes is outlined as below-:

  • It would be focused on building a consumer-based integrated primary health care system;

•To have a predetermined scenario that could result in improving access and also focus on reducing inequity;

•  It would be inbuilt to focus on related health promotion along with overcoming the prevention strategy that could be helpful to  screening along with having an early intervention

•To focus on  improving quality, safety and also adhering to the performance and accountability

The entire framework is dependent on the consumers and building a better milestone for the health care set up. It is for the betterment provision of the primary health care settings to lead and build new approaches that could be beneficial to deliver outcomes (Day, 2013). The health care in the community should be focused on patient-centric care along with focusing on the interdisciplinary approaches, It would also be beneficial to overcome the role of optimal use of information along with the obligations of the communication technologies. 

In here, the strategic outcome would be focused on improving quality, safety and also adhering to the performance and accountability

Public health issue in Australia

Primary health care focuses on the provision of the main health problems which is centric to the community and also provides a better promotive way to overcome the challenges borne and providing a preventive along with the curative approaches and ensuring rehabilitative services accordingly (Gray, 2018). In Australia, it has been observed, that there has been so far one in 2 (50%) Australians have been falling a part of the 1 of 8 diseases and falls for the common chronic conditions such as cancer, includes the problems faced due to the cardiovascular disease, also causes the problems of the mental health conditions and facing the challenge such as arthritis, back pain and other related problems such as the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or facing the issue of the asthma and diabetes.

With the recent trends, Australians face the problems of the burden of disease such as "cardiovascular”  disease that has inevitably affected the large set of the population (Declaration of Alma-Ata, 1978). It is also a close measurement that has a determinantal impact of different diseases or injuries that have focused on the large population. It is also important to ensure, how the affected health measuring how many years of life which the Australian would be facing due to the undefined diseases and the burden which it bears. From the reports, so far Australian face coronary heart disease that has been a silent death and has been a cause of the disease burden in Australia as shown for all the ages combined. Subsequently, there has been lung cancer for males, and then it is the problem of arthritis along with the musculoskeletal conditions (also called as the back pain or the other related problems such as osteoporosis) for females. 

WHO Five principles

The WHO five principles are the-:

  • Equity
  • Universal access to health care
  • Community participation
  • Intersectoral collaboration
  • Appropriate use of resources

While relating to the WHO principles of improving quality, safety and also adhering to the performance and accountability and also understanding the growing burden of the chronic conditions, it was important to educate the masses. It is also important to create awareness programs, create mass marketing plans, substantially be responsible for making the Australian, adopt the healthy diet and lifestyles (World Health Organisation, 2003). As cardiac is the problem caused due to the high obesity, bad lifestyle and low exercises, it was important to significantly make the different age groups open and receptive to the other people's experience. The awareness of improving quality and safety would be done through educating and making Australians adopt healthy lifestyles and also participate in more awareness events, campaigns that would lead to a substantial reduction in health (World Health Organisation, 2008). It is also how the social along with the economic impacts that have to be focused on reducing ill-health.


In the end, to conclude, it is important to understand how Australians, have to work out over the health issues and also be more participative for the health outcomes. As the WHO principles are in line to reduce the global burden diseases and have the better sustainable life, by making the Australian public aware of the disease and also be more participative in reducing the outcomes. The public health framework of the Australia is based on equity, but to make it sustainable and dependable for all, it is important that the government introduces awareness programs to reduce the health issues and be more approachable for the new changes in the healthy lifestyle plans.