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WHS Project: Hazard recognition and Improvements

General Instructions:  

  • Complete all tasks detailed in the following pages 
  • Fill in this assessment cover sheet and submit with your completed assessment task  
  • Sign the declaration 
  • Submit the completed tasks within the due date    

Question 1 

 Multiple choice. 

Circle the letter beside the one MOST CORRECT answer. 

  1. The WHS framework is characterised by: 
    1. Commonwealth Acts and regulations overriding all existing State Acts and Legislations. 
    2. Acts and Regulations determined separately and autonomously by all State, Territory and Commonwealth governments. 
    3. Acts and Regulations adopted from a common framework by all State, Territory and Commonwealth governments. 
    4. Acts and Regulations determined by the Commonwealth government and adopted by State and Territory governments. 
  2. Which is the order of highest strength of authority to lowest strength of authority? 
    1. Guidance material - Codes of Practice - Regulations - Acts. 
    2. Acts - Codes of Practice - Guidance material - Regulations. 
    3. Acts - Regulations - Codes of Practice- Guidance material. 
    4. Regulations - Guidance material - Codes of Practice - Acts. 
  3. Under WHS legislation, a PCBU is a(n): 
    1. Proprietary Company or Business Unit 
    2. Proprietary Company or Business Undertaking 
    3. Person Conducting a Business or Undertaking 
    4. Person Conducting a Business Undertaking 
  4. Risk management in WHS focuses on: 
    1. Processes. 
    2. Documentation. 
    3. Risk assessment. 
    4. Safety outcomes. 
  5. The role of determining policy and procedure in WHS is taken by the: 
    1. HSR. 
    2. Deputy HSR. 
    3. HSC. 
    4. WHS entry permit holder. 
  6. Who (most likely) can directly stop unsafe work being carried out? 
    1. HSR. 
    2. Deputy HSR. 
    3. HSC. 
    4. WHS entry permit holder. 
  7. Work groups are set up in WHS, taking into account: 
    1. Similarity of work done. 
    2. Diversity of workers. 
    3. Nature of engagement. 
    4. All of the above. 
  8. HSR’s are elected by: 
    1. All workers in a PCBU. 
    2. All workers in a work group. 
    3. All managers in a PCBU. 
    4. The manager of a work group. 
  9. IT Professionals are particularly liable to risk of: 
    1. Noise. 
    2. PPE’s. 
    3. Hazardous manual tasks. 
    4. All of the above. 
  10. Management duties in WHS include: 
    1. Emergency provisions. 
    2. First aid. 
    3. Facilities. 
    4. All of the above. 
  11. The hierarchy of a selection of risk controls, from highest to lowest is: 
    1. Administrate - Engineering - Substitute - Isolate. 
    2. Substitute - Isolate - Administrate - PPE. 
    3. Eliminate - Isolate - Substitute - Engineering. 
    4. Administrate - Eliminate - Engineering - Isolate. 
  12. A review and revision of control measures could be required if: 
    1. A risk control fails. 
    2. Work systems change. 
    3. Consultation indicates it. 
    4. All of the above. 
  13. Training of workers in WHS must take into account: 
    1. The nature of the training. 
    2. The cost of the training. 
    3. The nature of the work. 
    4. The cost of the work. 
  14. Workplace managers must provide for example: 
    1. First aid kit contents. 
    2. Facilities without glare. 
    3. An emergency plan. 
    4. All of the above. 
  15. PPE as used in WHS stands for: 
    1. Plan – Prepare – Evacuate 
    2. Person Providing Equipment 
    3. Personal Protective Equipment 
    4. Personal Performance Evaluation 
  16. IT Professionals are NOT very likely to encounter problems with: 
    1. Repetitive movements. 
    2. High or sudden force. 
    3. Awkward posture. 
    4. Musculoskeletal disorder. 
  17. The category “High Risk Work” in the IT industry is most likely to apply to: 
    1. Systems Engineers. 
    2. Programmers. 
    3. Database Administrators. 
    4. Network Engineers. 
  18. The PCBU has to take into account when determining control measure for hazardous manual tasks: 
    1. Postures related to the task. 
    2. Layout of the work area. 
    3. Lighting and air conditioning provisions that may affect the task. 
    4. All of the above. 
  19. An RCD is: 
    1. A Recognised Constructional Danger. 
    2. A Residual Current Device. 
    3. Not likely to be found in an IT installation. 
    4. Not covered by WHS legislation. 
  20. WHS legislation covers: 
    1. Replacing a light globe. 
    2. Replacing a fuse. 
    3. Repairing unsafe equipment. 
    4. All of the above.

Question 2  

WHS hazard recognition 

These photographs are from an WHS Audit in Sydney TAFE.  

For each one, briefly describe the problem you see, what possible impact it may have if something goes wrong and how the situation could be improved.

 
Description of hazard: 
 
 
 
 
 
Possible dangers: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suggestion for improvement: 
wireless LAN and IP network installation 


 
Description of hazard: 
 
 
 
 
 
Possible dangers: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suggestion for improvement: 
 

 
 
 
 
 
mechanical workplace hazards  
 
Description of hazard: 
 
 
 
 
 
Possible dangers: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suggestion for improvement: 
 
 
 electrocution in the long run proceedings of the businesses 
 
Description of hazard: 
 
 
 
 
 
Possible dangers: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suggestion for improvement: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
arrangement of books and important official documents 

 

first aid handbook

This is a scene from a first aid handbook. You are not expected to provide first aid but you may be asked to identify possible hazards so that appropriate action can be taken to reduce the risk of further injury. Make a list of all hazards you can find in this scene. 

Question 3  

Hazardous manual tasks in IT. 

Study the Hazardous manual tasks – Code of practice (copy is in Student Resources).  Find 5 items in the document that refer specifically refer to working in IT or using a desktop computer for your work. Note the page number and briefly describe each of them in your own words. [Weighting 5*4=20] 

  1. Page ___ Description: 
  2. Page ___ Description: 
  3. Page ___ Description: 
  4. Page ___ Description: 
  5. Page ___ Description: 

Answer

WHS PROJECT

Question 1

 1. The framework of WHS is characterised by

 c.  

 2. Highest strength of authority to lowest strength of authority

c. 

 3. A PCBU is a (n), under the legislation of WHS

 c. 

 4.  d. Risk assessment

 5. D. WHS entry permit holder

 6. C. HSC

 7. D.

 8. A

 9. D

 10. B

 11. D.

 12.  D. 

  13. D.

  14. C

  15. C.

  16. D.

  17. B

   18. A.

   19. A.

  20. C 


Question 2

Task 1

WHS hazard recognition

Description of the hazard 

The hazard that has been seen in this scenario mainly seems to be belonging to the category of wireless LAN and IP network installation. This has caused huge distress in the smooth running of the business operations concerning the various set of industries. Under certain circumstances, it can lead to the breakdown in the process of communication in the long run implications of the business (Ganatra et al. 2015). Thereafter, it can lead to accidents disrupting the aspects of industrial safety. Thus, the wireless hazards can be a result of different implications of wireless communication policy. 

Possible dangers:

It can lead to the emission of harmful radiation which can disrupt the health of the people in the short as well as in the long term. It has to lead to greater inconveniences when the wireless networks are tangled. This can, in turn, cause a potential harm to the different aspects of health and safety of a particular person. Sometimes, it may lead to catching fires which can, in turn, lead to injury and in serious cases it may even cause the death of a person (Okun, Guerin & Schulte, 2016). This can occur as a result of careless activities that are being analysed in this particular point of the study.

Suggesting methods for the improvement:

This can be possible with the help of the legislative frameworks that are implemented which can help in improving the health hazards. This is possible with the help of the introducing methods to ensure safety to the people of Australia. Along with that, the use of Asbestos that can be determined as a result of WHS act can eradicate the health hazards of the people. The application of Asbestos can lead to the eradication of the major health hazards concerning the different aspects of the business.

Task 2

Hazard description

The picture that is given in this shows a descriptive study of the mechanical workplace hazards which can be analysed in this particular case of study. The risk factor for this risk can cause ill effects on the health of the person. This can also disrupt the normal functioning of the business proceedings in the greater implications of the businesses.

Possible dangers:

 It can also lead to fires resulting in various factors of risks. It can often result in a possibility of the possibility of illness, injury and in certain cases dealing. Moreover, the risks that are associated can be helpful in evaluating the risks of control. On the other hand, the health of the person or co-worker can be subjected to various aspect of risk implication for businesses. Conversely, this has led to detrimental results in the long run functioning of the organisational procedures. This has lead to a greater aspect of carelessness on the definite long-run process of an organisational functional procedure (Stave & Wald, 2016). The entire system of communication breaks down in the various implications concerning the different types of hazardous risks that an organisation can give birth to in the day to day operations of the businesses. This has been detrimental to the different situational aspects that can lead to improvement in the total productivity (Forschungsgemeinschaft, 2016)Thus, it can provide greater level of accidental hazards in the long run scenario of the organsiation. 

Suggestions for improvement 

The risk management areas must be developed to chalk out a plan that can help in providing safety to the people in order to ensure workplace safety in the long run implications of the business. The usage of valid technical devices can be helpful in assessing the long-term implications of the businesses. Valid methods must be practiced in order to reduce the occurrence of electrocution. This can promote workplace safety in the long-term implication of the businesses.

Task 3

Hazard description

This can lead to possible chances of electrocution in the long run proceedings of the businesses. The possible dangers can lead to definite cases of electrocution which can cause fatal effects. Moreover, the electrical hazards that are underlined in this scenario have been as a result of improper grounding activities. In certain cases, the electrical parts can be exposed in the long run proceedings of the businesses. The workers of they are contracted with electrocution can lead to deaths.  Nevertheless, the people may fall over if there arise a situation where the wires are entangled.  

Possible dangers:

 The various dangers can lead to various aspects of illness which can be mainly in the form of muscle spasms, unconsciousness, vomiting and in certain cases palpitations. Alongside there may arise situations which may cause the death of a particular individual who is working in a particular office. This may be an outcome of faulty appliances for electricity which can lead to electric shock in the workplaces. Various cares must be taken for monitoring the various problems of equipment in the long run functioning of the businesses.  

Improvements

The various implications for improving the electrical safety can be determined for the workplaces in a way in order to reduce the occurrence of an occupational hazard. The concerned bodies for Work health safety can be playing a huge role when it comes to curbing down the occurrence of electrical hazards. Semiconductors insulators can be used when it comes to ascertaining the various aspects of electrical accidents. This can be promoted with the use of adequate safety planning measures in order to analyse the long-term planning of the safety program of the company.  On the other hand, providing personal protective equipment can lead to the achievement of long-term sustainable goals (Lay et al. 2016).

Task 4

Description of the hazard

This can lead to various cases of injury or even death in the long term functional procedures. The arrangement of books and important official documents has been made in a manner that can lead to hazards of they fall down.

Possible dangers:

It may lead to loss of private information and can cause various difficulties in the long run scenario of the organisation. This may lead to huge cases of accidental hazards in the long-term implications of the business scenario in the greater analysis of the workplace hazards. This may cause severe injury to a particular person which may prove fatal in the greater scenario. This may, in turn, lead to greater consequences in the long term functionalities of the businesses.

Areas of improvement

The places of the books must be revised in order to eradicate any kind of health hazards. This can be helpful in analysing the long-term beneficial aspects. This type of hazard can be preventive as it can be useful in the eradication of different health hazards.

The list of hazards that may be encountered in this particular scenario of study are:

1. Accidental risk

2. Risky Situations

3. Discharge of harmful and toxic chemicals

4. Disruption of environmental sustainability

5. High risk factor  

The scene from the first aid handbook deals with the various types of accidental hazards that are underlined in this purpose. Moreover, the above picture presented the different possible sources that have caused harm to the people. Thus, the hazards that were mainly identified were mainly related to the different types of accidental hazards. The roads were found to be dangerous and congested. Along with that, the mistake of the drivers can be held to be the major reason for the accidental risks. The accidents that has been seen in this case are:

  1. Vehicle Rollover
  2. Rear end collision
  3. Side – impact collision
  4. Single car accident
  5. Head on collision

Thus, various measures were undertaken for accident prevention that were implemented as follows:

  1. Removal of circumstances that may prevent cause of fatal injuries which can in the form of traffic speed reduction along with decrease in the consumption of alcohol and fitting stair gates for the younger generations.
  2. Reduction of severity of injury at the time of occurrence of accident- For instance, usage of child safety car seats, smoke alarm and bicycle helmets.
  3. Providing optimal treatment and rehabilitation post injuries for instance use of effective first aid and appropriate hospital care.                 

Question 3

Hazardous manual tasks in IT

The code of practise provides a practical demonstration and guidance to the people who is conducting under the WHS Act and Regulations. This helps in managing the risks to health and safety. The different work health and safety risks related to the performance hazardous manual tasks and injuries are as follows:

  1. Work area design and layout
  2. Workplace environment
  3. Repetitive or sustained application into the workforce
  4. Application of high force
  5. Exposure to the vibration which is sustainable

The provided provision may cause damage to a workplace and needs to be taken into consideration inefficient manner (Coenen, Gilson, Healy, Dunstan & Straker, 2017). There may be different ways through which a company would be able to take control of its performance and in this context different unwanted procedures can be seen. This risks under the 2011 WHS regulation is said as to be hazardous manual tasks. The factors that can overload the body and may also lead to an injury are as follows:
a. Repetitive force

b. High or sudden force

c. Repetition movement of the force

s. Awkward posture

e. Exposure to vibration

These are the different exposure to risks factors that makes it hard for the employees to get injured in a company (Oakman, Macdonald, Bartram, Keegel & Kinsman, 2018). Under this the problems that may arrive in the workplace would need to be taken an effective control of and deal with the situation in an efficient manner. 

Under this the different remedies that may be driven out of this risks are as follows:

  1. Assessing the workplace and identify the different risks that be possible in contributing the factors
  2. Proving effective specialist pieces of equipment under which introduction of the effective objects needs to be created and this will help in making the performances effective and to the point.
  3. Taking the break from the repetitive works that are being done and may lead to risks if not implemented properly.
  4. Lowering the stress level is what the procedure would and making it effective in performing for the business. 
  5. Ensuring the training of the staffs that lead to the effective working performance in various effective manner.

In this concern, the different points that have provided will lead to effective working procedures and need to be conducted in the company in order to maintain the risks (Awad & Elqazaz, 2016). In this context, the different IT problems that a company may face can be undone by the use of the provided remedies and take necessary steps to follow the processes.

The different resources that can be used in the context of performing efficiently are as follows:

  1.  Risk management prompt and hazardous manual tasks: this is the document that helps in identifying the hazardous manual tasks.
  2. Worker manual tasks: this is a fact sheet that is being provided inefficient and gives various through which it may help the performance of the company to be done in an efficient manner and to the point.
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